Municipality of Podgorica is the only Montenegrin municipality to have urban municipalities (Gradske Opštine) - Tuzi and Golubovci. Those are semi-independent municipalities, with limited self-governing powers. The entire municipality of Podgorica is further divided into 57 local communities (mjesne zajednice, мјесне заједнице), bodies in which the citizens participate in decisions on matters of relevance to the local community.
The municipality of Podgorica is located in central eastern part of Montenegro, covering an area of 1,441 km², thus being the second largest Montenegrin municipality, after Nikšić. It occupies the area north of Skadar Lake, including the entire Zeta Plain, and stretches north into the sparsely populated Dinaric Alps. Thus, the municipality occupies geographically very diverse area, ranging from the fertile lowlands in the south, to the rugged mountain ranges in the north.