Podil (Ukrainian: Поділ or Podol) is a historic neighborhood in Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. It is one of the oldest neighborhoods of Kyiv, and the birthplace of the city's trade, commerce and industry. It contains many architectural and historical landmarks, and new archaeological sites are still being revealed. It is a part of a larger administrative Podil Raion (district) of the city.
The name “Podil” means something that is situated downwards. This area used to be trading and crafting center of Kyiv. Names of Podil neighborhoods reflect this fact: "Dehtyari" (those who works with tar), "Honchari" (potters), "Kozhemyaki" (craftsmen working with leather). On the territory of Podil, ancient constructions were found, some of them date back to 9th–11th century. Intensive building within Podil took place in 17th century. An annual fair was conducted since 1797.
Before the Great Podil fire of year 1811, Podil was the most populous neighborhood of the city with 2,068 houses out of 3,672 dwellings in all of Kyiv. The fire damaged the neighborhood extensively and after this event appearance of Podil changed a lot. After the fire, Podil was newly planned and great number of new streets appeared, which remained till modern times. In this time, there were constructed such buildings as Contract's House, the National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, shopping arcade and others.
Numerous attractions of Podil particularly include:
- Frolivsky Convent
- National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
- House of Ivan Mazepa
- House of Peter the Great
- Fountain of Samson
- Zamkova Hora hill.
- Gostynnyi Dvir
Podil is connected to the city's metro system by three stations on the Kurenivsko-Chervonoarmiyska Line: Tarasa Shevchenka, Kontraktova Ploshcha (named after the Kontraktova Square), and Poshtova Ploshcha (named after the Poshtova Square).
The Kyiv Funicular serves passenger traffic to and from Podil and the city's historic Uppertown neighborhood, however, it's mostly serving tourists. Some time ago, the Kyiv River Port served passenger traffic on the Dnipro River, but only tourists pleasure boats are available there nowadays.
Streets and squares
- Instituta Yudaiki Ukrainy, Yehupets, Vol. 4 (1998), p. 265: "Плоская часть — один из полицейских участков Киева (между ул. Нижний Вал и Куренёвкой, теперь Подольский район), в котором допускалось проживание евреев, временно находившихся в Киеве."
- Vladimir Meshchersky, Очерки нынѣшней общественной жизни в Россіи, Vol. 2 (Тип. Министерства внутренних дѣл, 1870), p. 38.
- A. Anatoli, Babi Yar (New York: Pocket Book, 1971), p. 70: "What a place that Podol was! It was the most poverty-stricken part of Kiev... Here from time immemorial had lived the poor of the Jewish community, the poorest of the poor..."
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Podil.|
- podilr.gov.ua - Administration website of the Podilskyi Raion (Ukrainian)
- Поділ in Wiki-Encyclopedia Kiev (Ukrainian)
- klymenko.data-tec.net - Photo gallery and information about Podil and its attractions (Ukrainian)
- Historical photos of Podil (Russian)