The Podil (Ukrainian: Поділ or Podol) is a historic neighborhood in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. It is one of the oldest neighborhoods of Kiev, and the birthplace of the city's trade, commerce and industry. It contains many architectural and historical landmarks, and new archaeological sites are still being revealed. It is part of the larger administrative Podil Raion (district) of the city.
The name “Podil” means something that is situated downwards. Blocks of this neighborhood used to be trading and crafting center of Kiev. Their names reflect this fact: Degtyari (someone who deals with tar), Gonchary (potters), Kozhemyaki (craftsmen who deal with leather). On the territory of Podil ancient constructions were found. Some of them date back to 9th – 11th century. In 17th century intensive building within Podil took place. Since 1797 annual fair was conducted.
The Great Podil fire in 1811 damaged the neighborhood extensively and after this event appearance of Podil changed a lot. Before this fire Podil was the most populous neighborhood of the city with 2,068 houses out of 3,672 dwellings in all of Kiev. After the fire Podil was newly planned and great number of new streets appeared, which remained till modern times. In this period were constructed such buildings as Contract's House, the National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, shopping arcade and others.
Numerous attractions of Podil particularly include:
- Frolivsky and Pokrovsky Convents
- National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
- House of Ivan Mazepa
- House of Peter the Great
- Fountain of Samson
- Zamkova Hora hill.
- Gostiny Dvor
The Podil Raion is connected to the city's metro system by three stations on the Kurenivsko-Chervonoarmiyska Line: Tarasa Shevchenka, Kontraktova Ploshcha (named after the Kontraktova Square), and Poshtova Ploshcha (named after the Poshtova Square).
Streets and squares 
- Instituta Yudaiki Ukrainy, Yehupets, Vol. 4 (1998), p. 265: "Плоская часть — один из полицейских участков Киева (между ул. Нижний Вал и Куренёвкой, теперь Подольский район), в котором допускалось проживание евреев, временно находившихся в Киеве."
- Vladimir Meshchersky, Очерки нынѣшней общественной жизни в Россіи, Vol. 2 (Тип. Министерства внутренних дѣл, 1870), p. 38.
- A. Anatoli, Babi Yar (New York: Pocket Book, 1971), p. 70: "What a place that Podol was! It was the most poverty-stricken part of Kiev... Here from time immemorial had lived the poor of the Jewish community, the poorest of the poor..."
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Podil|
- podilr.gov.ua - Administration website of the Podilskyi Raion (Ukrainian)
- Поділ in Wiki-Encyclopedia Kiev (Ukrainian)
- klymenko.data-tec.net - Photo gallery and information about Podil and its attractions (Ukrainian)