|Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire|
|-||Siege of Kamenets||1672|
|-||Treaty of Karlowitz||1699|
|Today part of||Ukraine|
In 1672 the Ottoman army, led by Sultan Mehmed IV, captured Kamaniçe after a short siege. The Treaty of Buchach confirmed Ottoman control of the city, which became the centre of a new eyalet. The treaty was repudiated by the Polish Diet, and war broke out anew.
The Polish campaign proved unsuccessful, and the truce of Żurawno (1676) left Podolia within Ottoman borders. Another Polish-Ottoman war broke out again in 1683. For the next 16 years, Ottoman rule in Podolia generally was limited to the blockaded fortress of Kamianets, held by a garrison of 6,000 soldiers. The other garrisons in Podolia, in Bar, Medzhybizh, Jazlivec, and Chortkiv, barely exceeded 100 soldiers each.
According to the Ottoman provincial budget of 1681, 13 million akçe were spent yearly in the eyalet, primarily for soldiers' pay. Of this amount, less than 3% was collected from Podolia itself, the rest was sent from the central treasury. In 1681, the patriarch of Constantinople appointed the Orthodox metropolitan of Kamianets, named Pankratij.
During the 27 years of Ottoman rule, Podolia was administered by nine Ottoman pashas:
- Küstendilli Halil (1672–76; 1677–80),
- Arnavut Ibrahim (1676–77)
- Defterdar Ahmed (1680–82)
- Arnavut Abdurrahman (1682–84)
- Tokatlı Mahmud (1684)
- Bozoklu Mustafa (1685–86)
- Sarı Boşnak Hüseyin (1686–88)
- Yegen Ahmed (1688–89)
- Kahraman Mustafa (1689–99)
The eyalet was divided into four sanjaks:
- Marc David Baer (2011-09-01). Honored by the Glory of Islam: Conversion and Conquest in Ottoman Europe. Oxford University Press. p. 290. ISBN 978-0-19-979783-7. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
- Agoston, Gabor; Masters, Bruce Alan (2009). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. p. 306. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7. Retrieved 2013-02-25.
- Kołodziejczyk, Dariusz (June 1992). "Ottoman Podillja: The Eyalet of Kamjanec', 1672-1699". Harvard Ukrainian Studies 16 (1/2): 87–101.
- Kołodziejczyk, Dariusz (2006). "The "Turkish Yoke" Revisited: The Ottoman Non-Muslim Subjects Between Loyalty, Alienation, And Riot". Acta Poloniae Historica (93): 178–195. ISSN 0001-6829.