Podolia Eyalet

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Eyalet-i Kamaniçe
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire

1672–1699
Location of Podolia Eyalet
Podolia Eyalet, 1683
Capital Kamianets-Podilskyi
48°41′N 26°35′E / 48.683°N 26.583°E / 48.683; 26.583Coordinates: 48°41′N 26°35′E / 48.683°N 26.583°E / 48.683; 26.583
History
 -  Siege of Kamenets 1672
 -  Treaty of Karlowitz 1699
Today part of  Ukraine

Podolia Eyalet (Ottoman Turkish: Eyalet-i Kamaniçe)[1] was an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire. Its capital was Kamianets-Podilskyi (Turkish: Kamaniçe; Ukrainian: Кам’янець-Подільський).

History[edit]

The Ottoman garrison in the city of Kamaniçe, capitol of the Podolia Eyalet.

In 1672 the Ottoman army, led by Sultan Mehmed IV, captured Kamaniçe after a short siege.[2] The Treaty of Buchach confirmed Ottoman control of the city, which became the centre of a new eyalet.[2] The treaty was repudiated by the Polish Diet, and war broke out anew.[2]

The Polish campaign proved unsuccessful, and the truce of Żurawno (1676) left Podolia within Ottoman borders. Another Polish-Ottoman war broke out again in 1683.[2] For the next 16 years, Ottoman rule in Podolia generally was limited to the blockaded fortress of Kamianets, held by a garrison of 6,000 soldiers.[2] The other garrisons in Podolia, in Bar, Medzhybizh, Jazlivec, and Chortkiv, barely exceeded 100 soldiers each.[3]

According to the Ottoman provincial budget of 1681, 13 million akçe were spent yearly in the eyalet, primarily for soldiers' pay. Of this amount, less than 3% was collected from Podolia itself, the rest was sent from the central treasury.[3] In 1681, the patriarch of Constantinople appointed the Orthodox metropolitan of Kamianets, named Pankratij.[4]

The fortress was returned to Poland as a result of the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699).[2]

Governors[edit]

During the 27 years of Ottoman rule, Podolia was administered by nine Ottoman pashas:[2]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The eyalet was divided into four sanjaks:[2]

  1. Sanjak of Kamaniçe
  2. Sanjak of Bar
  3. Sanjak of Mejibuji
  4. Sanjak of Yazlofça

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marc David Baer (2011-09-01). Honored by the Glory of Islam: Conversion and Conquest in Ottoman Europe. Oxford University Press. p. 290. ISBN 978-0-19-979783-7. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Agoston, Gabor; Masters, Bruce Alan (2009). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. p. 306. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7. Retrieved 2013-02-25. 
  3. ^ a b Kołodziejczyk, Dariusz (June 1992). "Ottoman Podillja: The Eyalet of Kamjanec', 1672-1699". Harvard Ukrainian Studies 16 (1/2): 87–101. 
  4. ^ Kołodziejczyk, Dariusz (2006). "The "Turkish Yoke" Revisited: The Ottoman Non-Muslim Subjects Between Loyalty, Alienation, And Riot". Acta Poloniae Historica (93): 178–195. ISSN 0001-6829. 

External links[edit]