Podrinje

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For the village in Croatia, see Podrinje, Croatia.
The Drina valley looking towards Bajina Bašta

Podrinje (Cyrillic: Подриње) is the Slavic name of the Drina river basin, known in English as the Drina Valley, located in Serbia (Šumadija and Western Serbia) and Bosnia and Herzegovina (mostly in entity of Republika Srpska, with a small portion in the Bosnian Podrinje Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina).

History[edit]

The bridge on the Drina in Višegrad (around 1890)

Between 1918 and 1922, Podrinje District with seat in Šabac was one of the districts of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. District comprised north-western part of present-day Šumadija and Western Serbia. Between 1922 and 1929, Podrinje Oblast existed in roughly same area also with seat in Šabac. In 1929, a large province of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia known as the Drina Banovina was formed with capital in Sarajevo. Drina Banovina included western parts of present-day Serbia and eastern parts of present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina. Following World War II Axis occupation in 1941, the province was abolished and its territory was divided between Independent State of Croatia and area governed by the Military Administration in Serbia.

In 1941 Yugoslav Partisans liberated the large western part of the German occupied territory. In this territory they proclaimed the Republic of Užice (Uzička Republika) with Užice city as centre of the Republic. This large free territory was island of freedom in Nazi occupied Europe. Republic of Užice lived a short life. Very soon, German troops occupied this territory again, while the majority of Partisan forces escaped towards Bosnia.

After the Bosnian War broke out in the spring of 1992, the Podrinje became the focus of a bitter campaign of ethnic cleansing[1] which eventually culminated in the Srebrenica genocide in July 1995. According to the Sarajevo Research and Documentation Centre (RDC/IDC) Bosnian Atlas of the Dead Project, the Podrinje was the area of Bosnia which suffered the highest number of casualties. In 2007 Mirsad Tokaca, the RDC/IDC's director, reported that 28,666 deaths of a total of 97.207 recorded by June 2007, had occurred in the Podrinje.[2]

Today, one of the cantons in Bosnia and Herzegovina is known as Bosnian Podrinje Canton.

Towns in Podrinje[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Becir Bogilovic evidence to the Oric trial, 21 March 2005, ICTY, p. 6367 [1]. Retrieved 31 July 2010
  2. ^ http://birn.eu.com/en/88/10/3377/ Balkan Investigative Reporting Network "JUSTICE REPORT: Bosnia's Book of the Dead", by Nidzara Ahmetasevic, 21.6.2007. Retrieved 31 July 2010

Coordinates: 44°16′00″N 19°20′00″E / 44.2667°N 19.3333°E / 44.2667; 19.3333