Poetry Review is the magazine of the Poetry Society, edited by the poet Maurice Riordan. Founded in 1912, shortly after the establishment of the Society, previous editors have included such poets as Muriel Spark, Don Paterson, Adrian Henri and Andrew Motion.
Founded in March 1912, the publication took over from the Poetical Gazette, a members news magazine for the newly formed Poetry Society. It was first edited by Harold Monro, who was ousted after a year by alarmed, more conservative-minded trustees. He was followed by Stephen Phillips (1913–15).
Galloway Kyle, the Poetry Society's founder and director, presided over the Review from 1916-47. He managed to keep the magazine running during the blitzing of London, despite ongoing bombing of the neighbourhood and the damage of Kyle's own home. He declared that he wanted to make poetry popular, "the common heritage and joy to all", geared to a common everyman, bringing poetry down from its 'ivory tower'."We should look forward as well as backward" Kyle stated "but in reality the latter is more necessary than the former, and it is particularly essential in relation to a poet who may find the times too noisy, too self-centred and too self-righteous to heed him". During both world wars Kyle paid particular attention to people serving in the armed forces, publishing their work and letters, interested in eye witness accounts, patriotic and populist, reliable and comforting to its readers during times of chaos. The audience for the Review at these times, was the largest it has ever had. Published bi-monthly at this time, the readership rose from approximately 1000 before World War I to over 6000 per issue by the end of World War II. Kyle appointed Alice Hunt Bartlett as American Associate Editor from 1923 and the publication featured significant content from the US during the 1920s and 1930s. The American journal Poetry, founded at the same time as the Review, during the spring of 1912, was originally often regarded as a sister journal with the similar purpose of building the audience for contemporary poetry. Their roads soon separated. Poetry set out to establish itself as a home for serious critique, desiring to be select, radical, the leader of the field. Kyle was editor until his death in 1967 at ninety-two.
Muriel Spark lead the Review dynamically from 1947–49, introducing a fee to be paid to contributors, but was ousted for her poetic radicalism and liberal views. An editorial board presided from 1952-62 lead by Thomas Moult. Derek Parker handed over to avant-garde poet Eric Mottram in 1970, who was followed by Roger Garfitt and Peter Forbes (1985-2002). Other former editors include Don Patterson Adrian Henri and Andrew Motion.Fiona Sampson held the role from 2005-2012. A series of Guest Editors followed George Szirtes, Charles Boyle Bernardine Evaristo, Moniza Alvi, Esther Morgan and Patrick McGuinness until Summer 2013.
The Review was at first a monthly magazine and then and from 1915 to 1951 became bi-monthly, turning quarterly in 1952. It has published the work of such luminaries as Thomas Hardy, Rupert Brooke, Robert Frost, W H Auden, Ezra Pound, Philip Larkin and Alan Ginsberg. It is currently published quarterly, under rotating editorship, in March, June, September and December and given to each subscribing member of the Poetry Society.
- Morrison, Blake (14 November 2009). "A Century of Poetry Review". Retrieved 6 September 2012.
- Sampson, Fiona. "Former editor Fiona Sampson on the history of the magazine". Poetry Society. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
- Johnson, Abbey Ann Arthur (April 2011). "Under Fire: Poetry Review and Poetry in World Wars I and II". ARIEL: A Review of International English Literature 42 (2 (2011)).
- Powell, Neil (2009). "The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Poetry in English.". Poetry Review. Oxford University Press.
- Booth, Martin (1985). British Poetry 1964 to 1984: Driving Through the Barricades. Routledge. p. 69.
- Sutherland, John (1996). "Poetry Review". The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780192122711.
- "Poetry Review". Poetry Society. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
- "Poetry Review". Poetry Library. Retrieved 6 September 2012.