Pogranichny, Primorsky Krai

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For other places with the same name, see Pogranichny.
Pogranichny (English)
Пограничный (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement  -
Pogranichny is located in Primorsky Krai
Pogranichny
Pogranichny
Location of Pogranichny in Primorsky Krai
Coordinates: 44°24′N 131°23′E / 44.400°N 131.383°E / 44.400; 131.383Coordinates: 44°24′N 131°23′E / 44.400°N 131.383°E / 44.400; 131.383
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Primorsky Krai
Administrative district Pogranichny District[citation needed]
Administrative center of Pogranichny District[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 10,280 inhabitants[1]
Time zone VLAT (UTC+11:00)[2]
Gorodevko 1898[citation needed]
Urban-type settlement status since 1936[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[3] 692582
Dialing code(s) +7 42345[citation needed]

Pogranichny (Russian: Пограни́чный) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Pogranichny District of Primorsky Krai, Russia, located 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of the China–Russia border and 140 kilometers (87 mi) northwest of Vladivostok. Population: 10,280 (2010 Census);[1] 12,221 (2002 Census);[4] 11,333 (1989 Census).[5]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1898 as the railway station of Grodekovo (Гроде́ково), named after Nikolay Grodekov, a Governor of Priamurye.[citation needed] The settlement was given its present name in 1958.[citation needed]

Transportation[edit]

If one were to travel from Vladivostok to Manchuria along Harbin–Suifenhe Railway (the former Transmanchurian rail line), Grodekovo will be the last Russian station before entering China. Because currently (November 2008), there is no direct passenger service from e.g. Vladivostok to Harbin, one needs to change at Grodekovo from a train coming from Ussuriysk to one leaving for Suifenhe City, and vice versa. The rail service operates only twice a week, however, so most border crossings are by bus or car.[6]

Climate[edit]

Pogranichny has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dwb), with very cold and dry winters and very warm and wet summers.

Climate data for Pogranichny
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
13.7
(56.7)
21.3
(70.3)
30.2
(86.4)
35.0
(95)
36.9
(98.4)
39.0
(102.2)
39.2
(102.6)
33.5
(92.3)
30.4
(86.7)
21.3
(70.3)
12.0
(53.6)
39.2
(102.6)
Average high °C (°F) −9.5
(14.9)
−5.2
(22.6)
2.7
(36.9)
12.9
(55.2)
19.7
(67.5)
23.5
(74.3)
26.7
(80.1)
26.5
(79.7)
21.4
(70.5)
14.0
(57.2)
2.3
(36.1)
−7.0
(19.4)
10.67
(51.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.4
(4.3)
−11.7
(10.9)
−3.9
(25)
5.6
(42.1)
12.3
(54.1)
16.9
(62.4)
20.6
(69.1)
20.6
(69.1)
14.4
(57.9)
6.5
(43.7)
−4.0
(24.8)
−12.7
(9.1)
4.1
(39.38)
Average low °C (°F) −20.4
(−4.7)
−17.0
(1.4)
−9.4
(15.1)
−0.7
(30.7)
5.7
(42.3)
11.2
(52.2)
15.7
(60.3)
15.8
(60.4)
8.8
(47.8)
0.7
(33.3)
−9.1
(15.6)
−17.4
(0.7)
−1.34
(29.59)
Record low °C (°F) −36.9
(−34.4)
−33.0
(−27.4)
−27.6
(−17.7)
−14.5
(5.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
2.0
(35.6)
5.1
(41.2)
5.6
(42.1)
−3.1
(26.4)
−13.1
(8.4)
−28.6
(−19.5)
−35.2
(−31.4)
−36.9
(−34.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 6.7
(0.264)
8.1
(0.319)
13.1
(0.516)
25.3
(0.996)
58.6
(2.307)
95.3
(3.752)
117.2
(4.614)
122.5
(4.823)
64.5
(2.539)
37.2
(1.465)
14.5
(0.571)
9.5
(0.374)
572.5
(22.54)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.4 3.7 5.6 6.8 9.3 8.2 11.4 8.3 5.5 4.6 4.8 4.5 77.1
 % humidity 63.2 58.8 55.7 56.1 64.4 74.0 81.8 78.7 70.2 59.3 59.0 61.8 65.25
Mean monthly sunshine hours 183 190 230 215 239 215 208 210 222 214 182 163 2,471
Source #1: climatebase.ru (1930-2008)[7]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[8]

Notable people[edit]

Russian actor Leonid Yarmolnik and Mayor of Barnaul Vladimir Kolganov were born in Grodekovo. Russian poet Arseny Nesmelov died here.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  4. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  5. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  6. ^ According to the Russian train schedules at http://www.poezda.net/ (Checked November 2008).
  7. ^ "Pogranichnyy, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved January 26, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Climate Normals for POGRANICNYJ". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 26, 2013.