Pogue's Run

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pogue's Run
Pogue's Run White River.jpg
Pogue's Run emptying into the White River southwest of Lucas Oil Stadium
Origin Massachusetts and Ritter avenues, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
39°49′04″N 86°04′17″W / 39.81779°N 86.07137°W / 39.81779; -86.07137
Mouth White River south of the Kentucky Avenue bridge
39°45′22″N 86°10′20″W / 39.75619°N 86.17228°W / 39.75619; -86.17228Coordinates: 39°45′22″N 86°10′20″W / 39.75619°N 86.17228°W / 39.75619; -86.17228
Length 11 mi (18 km)
Source elevation 720 ft (220 m)
Mouth elevation 675 ft (206 m)
Basin area 13 sq mi (34 km2)

Pogue's Run is an urban creek that starts near the intersection of Massachusetts and Ritter avenues on the east side of Indianapolis, Indiana and empties into the White River south of the Kentucky Avenue bridge over that river. At the stream's intersection with New York Street just east of downtown Indianapolis it enters a double-box culvert conduit through which it flows underneath downtown Indianapolis.[1] It is named for George Pogue, who, along with John Wesley McCormick, were among the first settlers in what would become the city of Indianapolis.

History[edit]

Prior to the arrival of Pogue and McCormick, Indians and wildlife would often follow Pogue's Run as a pathway.[2] George Pogue (c.1763–1821) was a blacksmith from Connersville, Indiana. In 1819 he blazed a trail that corresponds with the present-day Brookville Road. On March 2, 1819, he built a cabin for his family of seven where Michigan Street currently crosses Pogue's Run. However, there is some disagreement among historians about these events; Jacob Piatt Dunn wrote in his 1910 work Greater Indianapolis, that Pogue actually arrived on March 2, 1820, and moved into a cabin that had been built in 1819 by a Ute Perkins, who had left before Pogue arrived. Perkins reportedly had left the area because of his loneliness, later settling in Rush County, Indiana.[3]

The creek became known as Pogue's Run after Pogue disappeared in April 1821; it had been called Perkin's Run (after Ute Perkins) prior to Pogue's disappearance.[4]

Original plat of Indianapolis by Alexander Ralston, with Pogue's Run in the southeast section

When Indianapolis was laid out, only Pogue's Run running diagonally across the southeast portion of the "Mile Square" disturbed the orderliness of the grid pattern. Alexander Ralston had to make compromises due to the stream's location within the congressional donation lands given for the future Indianapolis. Before the state government could be moved to Indianapolis from Corydon, fifty dollars was spent to rid swampy Pogue's Run of the mosquitoes that made it a "source of pestilence".[5]

In the so-called Battle of Pogue's Run on May 20, 1863, during the American Civil War, several Democrats leaving the state party convention on the railroad running parallel to Pogue's Run threw various firearms and knives into the creek because Union troops were looking for contraband weapons.[6] Two decades later, in 1882, the Run flooded, killing at least ten people. A covered bridge that once crossed Pogue's Run was eventually destroyed.[7]

Beginning in 1914 and finishing in 1915, a project referred to variously as the "Pogue's Run Drain" and the "Pogue's Run Improvement" led to the stream's submersion beneath downtown Indianapolis from New York Street on the east side to the White River on the west side of the city.[8] The removal of Pogue's Run from the visible landscape in the Mile Square cost well over one million dollars.[9] A number of factors influenced the decision to cover over Pogue's Run, including the economic and human costs from decades of violent flooding, public health risks from diseases, and the stream's unsightly and unpleasant smell due to years of sewage and industrial pollution. The sewering of Pogue's Run also paved the way for railroad track elevations, which alleviated congestion on Indianapolis' ever busier roads.

On the section immediately to the northeast of where Pogue's Run enters downtown Indianapolis, Brookside Park was built to take advantage of the creek as a recreation opportunity.[5]

Today[edit]

Indy Parks established the Pogues Run Trail alongside the creek bed on the section northeast of downtown.[2] New sections of trail are being planned for construction to connect the Pogue's Run Trail to downtown. Wildlife found on the path include ducks, geese, and red-winged blackbirds, with herons sometimes seen as well. Goose excrement is a particular problem for those who hike along Pogue's Run.[10] A prject named "Charting Pogue's Run" intends to mark where the creek once ran in downtown Indianapolis. A blue line, made of thirty permanent steel medallions and a semi-permanent blue thermoplastic line, will "meander" across roads and parking lots.[11] Of note is the fact that this blue line's location shows Pogue's Run now lies under both Lucas Oil Stadium and Bankers Life Fieldhouse.

In popular culture[edit]

The movie Twice Under (1987) about a Vietnam veteran "Tunnel rat" terrorizing a city was partially shot in the underground portion of Pogue's Run between New York and Washington streets.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Improvement of Pogue's Run Indianapolis, Indiana". Municipal Engineering 48 (4): 236-239. April 1915. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Pogues Run Trail
  3. ^ Bodenhamer, David. The Encyclopedia of Indianapolis (Indiana University Press, 1994) p., 1121
  4. ^ Bodenhamer p.1120, 1121
  5. ^ a b Bodenhamer p.1121
  6. ^ Bodenhamer 1121
  7. ^ Pogue's Run Covered Bridge, Marion County, Indiana
  8. ^ "Improvement of Pogue's Run Indianapolis, Indiana". Municipal Engineering 48 (4): 236-239. April 1915. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  9. ^ Mayor Joseph E. Bell Annual Report, April 1915, M0711, Folder 2, Joseph E. Bell Papers, 1914-1918, Indiana Historical Society, Indianapolis, Indiana
  10. ^ Pogues Run
  11. ^ Installation of Indy Public Art Project Begins – Newsroom – Inside INdiana Business with Gerry Dick