Pohrebyshche

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Pohrebysche
Погребище
Coat of arms of Pohrebysche
Coat of arms
Pohrebysche is located in Ukraine
Pohrebysche
Pohrebysche
Location of Pohrebysche
Coordinates: 49°29′0″N 29°16′0″E / 49.48333°N 29.26667°E / 49.48333; 29.26667Coordinates: 49°29′0″N 29°16′0″E / 49.48333°N 29.26667°E / 49.48333; 29.26667
Country
Oblast
Raion
Ukraine
Vinnytsia Oblast
Pohrebyschensky Raion
First mentioned 12th century as town of Rokitnya. Become a town in 1938, administrative center in 1984
Population (2013)
 • Total 9,898
Postal code 22200
Area code(s) +380 +486

Pohrebysche (Ukrainian: Погребище) is a town in Vinnytsia Oblast, Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Pohrebyshche Raion (district) in western Ukraine. Pohrebysche is situated near the sources of the Ros River. Population: 9,898 (2013 population estimate)[1].

Names[edit]

Pohrebysche is also known as Polish: Pohrebyszcze, Russian: Погребище Pogrebischtsche or Pogrebishchye, Yiddish: פרהאבישטא Prhobisht

History[edit]

The town is very old and origin of its name is not clear. Pohreb means a big cellar in Ukrainian. On another hand Pohrebaty can be interpreted as to perform a burial. According to a legend, put down by Ukrainian ethnographer Pokhilevich, before Mongol invasion of Rus, during the times of Kyiv the town was called Rokitnya. Mongols level the town leaving only the cellars.

Synagogue and parochial church (Pohrebyszcze) by Napoleon Orda

People[edit]

Countess Ewelina Hańska (Rzewuska) a Polish noblewoman (szlachcianka) was born January 6, 1801 in Pohrebysche. Ewelina was the sister of Henryk Rzewuski. She was married to Wacław Hański, a landowning noble, who was about twenty years older than she was. After his death she became wife of the French novelist Honoré de Balzac in 1850.

The town had a substantial Jewish population before the Communists took over. There were periodic pogroms before then and raids by the Bolsheviks before Lenin's definitive consolidation of power. In 1928, the large Synagogue was converted into a Workmans Club.[2]

Other nearby communities[edit]

References[edit]