Pointe-à-la-Croix, Quebec

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pointe-à-la-Croix
Municipality
Pointe a la croix 27 juillet 2007.jpg
Location within Avignon RCM.
Location within Avignon RCM.
Pointe-à-la-Croix is located in Eastern Quebec
Pointe-à-la-Croix
Pointe-à-la-Croix
Location in eastern Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°01′N 66°41′W / 48.017°N 66.683°W / 48.017; -66.683Coordinates: 48°01′N 66°41′W / 48.017°N 66.683°W / 48.017; -66.683[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Gaspésie–
Îles-de-la-Madeleine
RCM Avignon
Settled 1750s
Constituted May 7, 1983
Government[2]
 • Mayor Jean-Paul Audy
 • Federal riding Gaspésie—
Îles-de-la-Madeleine
 • Prov. riding Bonaventure
Area[2][3]
 • Total 416.90 km2 (160.97 sq mi)
 • Land 394.39 km2 (152.27 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 1,472
 • Density 3.7/km2 (10/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 7.2%
 • Dwellings 725
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G0C 1L0
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 132
Website www.pointe-
a-la-croix.com

Pointe-à-la-Croix (Cross Point in English) is a municipality located on the Restigouche River in the Gaspésie region of eastern Quebec, Canada. It is situated across from the city of Campbellton, New Brunswick.

In addition to Pointe-à-la-Croix itself, the municipality also includes the communities of L'Alverne, Oak Bay, and Saint-Fidèle-de-Ristigouche.

The municipality is home to the site of the Battle of the Restigouche, a National Historic Site of Canada, and the Petite Rochelle interpretive centre.

History[edit]

The first Euro-American settlement in the town was by Acadians fleeing the Expulsion in 1755. Retreating as far as possible up the Restigouche River, they were trapped by a huge British fleet in the Battle of Restigouche. Approximately 1500 Acadian and Métis took refuge here, with the local Mi'kmaq Native Americans. Their combined resistance was not able to prevent an English landing at their village, which they had named La Petite Rochelle, after the Seingeurie de La Petite Rochelle, situated at Point au Bourdon. The village was completely destroyed by fire on August 23, 1760. Further upriver near Listuguj, the Battle of the Restigouche ended with all the French ships and most of the Acadians' boats sunk, but the English were not successful in landing because of the number of muskets on shore. The Acadians had made their last stand here and survived. Their resistance was in effect a success.

After the conquest, Pointe-à-la-Croix was primarily a fishing, forestry, and farming community until the opening of the J. C. Van Horne Bridge to Campbellton in 1962. In 1969, the town was still incorporated as Cross Point, but changed to the French name in 1970. The town now is nearly fully integrated economically with the Campbellton area.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Pointe-à-la-Croix, Quebec[6]
Year Pop. ±%
1991 1,541 —    
1996 1,607 +4.3%
Year Pop. ±%
2001 1,513 −5.8%
2006 1,587 +4.9%
Year Pop. ±%
2011 1,472 −7.2%

Language[edit]

Mother tongue:[7]

  • English as first language: 10.8%
  • French as first language: 86.3%
  • English and French as first language: 0.6%
  • Other as first language: 2.2%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 50083 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b "Pointe-à-la-Croix". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2012-01-04. 
  3. ^ a b c "Pointe-à-la-Croix census profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-01-04. 
  4. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-04. 
  5. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-04. 
  6. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  7. ^ "Pointe-à-la-Croix community profile". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-01-04. 
  • “A la recherche de La Petite-Rochelle: Memory and Identity in Restigouche”, Acadiensis, XXVIII, 2 (Spring 1999), pp. 3–40; article p4

External links[edit]