Pointe-Claire Windmill

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Pointe-Claire Windmill
Moulin à vent de Pointe-Claire
Pointe-claire windmill.jpg
Pointe-Claire windmill in winter
Coordinates 45°25′31″N 73°49′31″W / 45.425222°N 73.825278°W / 45.425222; -73.825278
Location 1 rue Saint-Joachim, Pointe-Claire
Width 4 metres
Height 7.5 metres
Completion date 1710

The Pointe-Claire Windmill (French: Moulin à vent de Pointe-Claire) is a windmill in Pointe-Claire, Quebec, Canada. It is the oldest windmill on the island of Montreal and one of 18 remaining windmills in Quebec.[1]

Like most mills in New France it was built to a French design, a cylindrical stone tower with a movable roof which could be turned by a tail pole to face the sails to the wind. The mill had two doors, to provide an exit regardless of which ways the sails faced. The walls are four French feet (1m32) thick at the base. The interior is 12 French feet in diameter by 24 high.[2] The mill originally contained elevated platforms beneath gun slits for defence. The surrounding shoreline was fenced with pointed wooden stakes. However, the site was never attacked.[3]

Chronology[edit]

  • 1709: construction began in spring for the Society of Saint-Sulpice by stone mason Jean Mars, and Léonard Paillé dit Paillard and his son Charles for other parts of the construction.
  • 1710: construction complete in the autumn, including a small wooden house for the miller.
  • 1824: major renovation
  • 1837: sold to Amable de Saint-Julien, farmer at Rigaud
  • 1866: sold to the Fabrique de Saint-Joachim-de-la-Pointe-Claire
  • 1866: sold to the Congregation of Notre Dame of Montreal
  • 1885 (approximately): new sails
  • 1954: restoration, conical roof
  • 1967: new sails
  • 1983: classified a monument of Quebec.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ RPCQ patrimoine-culturel.gouv.qc.ca
  2. ^ A la pointe claire. Conseil du patrimoine de Montreal. 2005. pp. 3–47. ISBN 2-9808545-4-9. 
  3. ^ Matthews, Brian (1985). A History of Pointe-Claire. p. 24. 
  4. ^ "Moulin à vent de Pointe-Claire". Répertoire de patrimoine culturel du Québec. Retrieved 20 August 2011. 

External links[edit]