Pojoaque, New Mexico

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Pojoaque, New Mexico
CDP
Location of Pojoaque, New Mexico.
Location of Pojoaque, New Mexico.
Coordinates: 35°53′26″N 106°0′34″W / 35.89056°N 106.00944°W / 35.89056; -106.00944Coordinates: 35°53′26″N 106°0′34″W / 35.89056°N 106.00944°W / 35.89056; -106.00944
Country United States
State New Mexico
County Santa Fe
Area
 • Total 2.9 sq mi (7.5 km2)
 • Land 2.9 sq mi (7.5 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 5,853 ft (1,784 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,261
 • Density 437.3/sq mi (168.8/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 87501
Area code(s) 505
FIPS code 35-58630
GNIS feature ID 0928773

Pojoaque (/pəˈwɑːk/; Tewa: P'osuwaege) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Fe County, New Mexico, United States. It is part of the Santa Fe, New Mexico Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,261 at the 2000 census. Pojoaque and Pojoaque Pueblo are neighboring communities. Pojoaque Pueblo is an Indian Reservation, and the town of Pojoaque is a collection of communities near the Pueblo with people from various ethnic backgrounds.

History[edit]

Highway overpass at Pojoaque, “Po-suwae-geh,” or “the water drinking or gathering place.”[1]


Pojoaque Pueblo is one of the six Tewa-speaking Rio Grande Pueblos, and a member of the Eight Northern Pueblos. The Pueblo was settled around 500 AD, with the population peaking in the 15th and 16th centuries.

In the early 17th century the first Spanish mission San Francisco de Pojoaque was founded. During the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, Pojoaque was abandoned, and was not resettled until about 1706. By 1712 the population had reached 79. In about 1900, a severe smallpox epidemic caused the pueblo to be abandoned once again by 1912. In 1934, Pojoaque Pueblo was reoccupied, and became a federally recognized Indian Reservation in 1936.[2]

Pojoaque Pueblo has the distinction of having the first female governor of all of the 19 Pueblo tribes. Elizabeth (Betty) Duran was elected for a one-year term in January 1974.

Geography[edit]

Pojoaque is located at 35°53′26″N 106°11′34″W / 35.89056°N 106.19278°W / 35.89056; -106.19278 (35.890581, -106.009511)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.5 km²), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,261 people, 493 households, and 332 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 437.3 people per square mile (169.1/km²). There were 533 housing units at an average density of 184.8 per square mile (71.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 52.10% White, 0.56% African American, 17.37% Native American, 26.57% from other races, and 3.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 62.17% of the population.

Location of Pojoaque Pueblo and neighboring pueblos in New Mexico

There were 493 households out of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 103.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $15,875, and the median income for a family was $24,719. Males had a median income of $19,830 versus $17,105 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $13,968. About 17.2% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.4% of those under age 18 and 15.3% of those age 65 or over.

Attractions[edit]

Pojoaque Pueblo opened the Poeh Museum in 1987, and the Cities of Gold Casino in the mid-1990s.

In 2008 the Pueblo opened the Buffalo Thunder resort and casino, New Mexico's largest and most expensive resort.[5] The estimated cost for the resort project in 2004 was $250 million.[6]

Education[edit]

See also[edit]

External video
New Mexico's Pojoaque Pueblo (9:17), C‑SPAN[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arturo Sandoval (2009-08-31). "New Mexico’s rich linguistic heritage is worth protecting". New Mexico Independent. Retrieved 2012-09-29. 
  2. ^ Pojoaque history
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "A high-stakes future"[dead link]
  6. ^ Buffalo Thunder construction
  7. ^ "New Mexico's Pojoaque Pueblo". C-SPAN. January 6, 2013. Retrieved March 16, 2013. 

External links[edit]