Boreogadus saida

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Polar Cod)
Jump to: navigation, search
"Polar cod" redirects here. For the related species which shares its common names, see Arctogadus glacialis.
Boreogadus saida
Boreogadus saida.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Gadiformes
Family: Gadidae
Genus: Boreogadus
Günther, 1862
Species: B. saida
Binomial name
Boreogadus saida
(Lepechin, 1774)
Boreogadus saida, vertical.

Boreogadus saida, known as the polar cod[1][2][3] or as the Arctic cod,[1][4][5] is a fish of the cod family Gadidae, related to the true cod (genus Gadus). Another fish species for which both the common names Arctic cod and polar cod are used is Arctogadus glacialis.

B. saida has a slender body, a deeply forked tail, a projecting mouth, and a small whisker on its chin. It is plainly coloured with brownish spots and a silvery body. It grows to a length of 40 cm (16 in). This species is found further north than any other fish (beyond 84°N) with a distribution spanning the Arctic seas off northern Russia, Alaska, Canada, and Greenland.

This fish is most commonly found at the water's surface, but is also known to travel at depths greater than 900 m. The polar cod is known to frequent river mouths. It is a hardy fish that survives best at temperatures of 0–4°C, but may tolerate colder temperatures owing to the presence of antifreeze protein compounds in its blood. They group in large schools in ice-free waters.

B. saida feeds on plankton and krill. It is in turn the primary food source for narwhals, belugas, ringed seals, and seabirds. They are fished commercially in Russia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). "Boreogadus saida" in FishBase. April 2012 version.
  2. ^ Gadiform fishes of the World (Order Gadiformes) An annotated and illustrated catalogue of Cods, Hakes, Grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Volume 10. 1990.
  3. ^ Polar cod Institute of Marine Research, Norway
  4. ^ Arctic Cod: Boreogadus saida Arctic Ocean Diversity. Census of Marine Life.
  5. ^ Arctic Cod Aquatic species. Fisheries and Oceans Canada.

External links[edit]

Media related to Boreogadus saida at Wikimedia Commons