Polessk

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Polessk (English)
Полесск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Kaliningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia
Polessk is located in Kaliningrad Oblast
Polessk
Polessk
Location of Polessk in Kaliningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 54°52′N 21°06′E / 54.867°N 21.100°E / 54.867; 21.100Coordinates: 54°52′N 21°06′E / 54.867°N 21.100°E / 54.867; 21.100
Labiawa COA.png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of November 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Kaliningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative district Polessky District[1]
Town of district significance Polessk[1]
Administrative center of Polessky District,[1] town of district significance of Polessk[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2009)
Municipal district Polessky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Polesskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Polessky Municipal District,[2] Polesskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 7,581 inhabitants[3]
Time zone USZ1 (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 13th century[5]
Previous names Labiau (until 1946)[5]
Postal code(s)[6] 238630
Polessk on WikiCommons

Polessk (Russian: Поле́сск), prior to 1946 known by its German name Labiau (Polish: Labiawa; Lithuanian: Labguva), is a town and the administrative center of Polessky District in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located 49 kilometers (30 mi) northeast of Kaliningrad, the administrative center of the oblast, at the junction of a main road and a railroad at the Deyma River, shortly before it enters the Curonian Lagoon. Population: 7,581 (2010 Census);[3] 7,681 (2002 Census);[7] 6,859 (1989 Census);[8] 4,744 (1885).

Geography[edit]

The Polessk Canal begins in the town.

History[edit]

It was founded in the 13th century.[5]

Labiau Castle in 1915
Labiau Castle in 2011

The town contains a castle built by the Teutonic Order, who gave it the German name Labiau. It became a part of the Duchy of Prussia and on November 20, 1656 was the location of the Treaty of Labiau. While part of East Prussia within the Kingdom of Prussia and the German Empire, Labiau was a district seat in the administrative region of Königsberg. In 1885, Labiau had 4,744 inhabitants, almost all of whom were Lutherans.

Labiau was overrun by the Soviet Red Army in 1945 near the end of World War II. It was transferred from German to Russian control according to the Potsdam Conference and the following year renamed Polessk.[5] The remaining Germans who had not fled, perished or evacuated were subsequently expelled and replaced with Soviet citizens.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Polessk serves as the administrative center of Polessky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated within Polessky District as the town of district significance of Polessk.[1] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Polessk is incorporated within Polessky Municipal District as Polesskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #640
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #260
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c d Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 359. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  7. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Правительство Калининградской области. Постановление №640 от 30 августа 2011 г. «Об утверждении реестра объектов административно-территориального деления Калининградской области», в ред. Постановления №877 от 21 ноября 2011 г «О внесении изменения в Постановление Правительства Калининградской области от 30 августа 2011 г. №640». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Калининградская правда" (вкладыш "Официально"), №170, 15 сентября 2011 г. (Government of Kaliningrad Oblast. Resolution #640 of August 30, 2011 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Objects of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of Kaliningrad Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #877 of November 21, 2011 On Amending the Resolution of the Government of Kaliningrad Oblast #640 of August 30, 2011. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Калининградская областная Дума. Закон №260 от 30 июня 2008 г. «Об организации местного самоуправления на территории муниципального образования "Полесский городской округ"», в ред. Закона №370 от 1 июля 2009 г «О составе территорий муниципальных образований Калининградской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Калининградская правда", №124, 11 июля 2008 г. (Kaliningrad Oblast Duma. Law #260 of June 30, 2008 On the Organization of the Local Self-Government on the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Polessky Urban Okrug", as amended by the Law #370 of July 1, 2009 On the Composition of the Territories of the Municipal Formations of Kaliningrad Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).