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Poliçan is located in Albania
Coordinates: 40°36′44″N 20°5′53″E / 40.61222°N 20.09806°E / 40.61222; 20.09806Coordinates: 40°36′44″N 20°5′53″E / 40.61222°N 20.09806°E / 40.61222; 20.09806
Country  Albania
County Berat
Elevation 256 m (840 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,318
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal code 5403-5404
Area code 0368
Car plates SK
Website http://polican.gov.al

Poliçan is a city situated in south-central Albania. The population at the 2011 census was 4,318.[1] It is surrounded by several hills, said from which the nominative is derived. Its neighbourhoods include Plirez, Pronovik, Kalluc, Poligon, Lavdar and City center. Historically, Polican has been part of Berat County except from 1978-1991 when city was made part of Skrapar due to political pressure from the regime at that time. It was established as an industrial center.


The city is situated 519m above sea level, but the proximity with the Osum river maintains a typical Mediterranean climate, with all the four seasons accentuated.


The city was built in the 1960s by the Communist government with the purpose of creating an industrial town for the production of weapons and munitions.

It was long regarded as a "ghost" town because little was revealed for security reasons about the place and its industrial activities.[citation needed]


The economy of the town is concentrated in the weapons industry although the collapse of the communist regime in 1990 has caused production to collapsed. The industrial sector is also active through a small factory for the production of beer.[citation needed]

Agricultural activities include the production of wheat, maize, beans and vegetables.

In the surrounding hills olives, chestnuts, nuts, figs, cherries and grapes are also cultivated. Grapes are mainly produced for raki. There is also a greenhouse of 0.5 km².