A police academy is a training school for new police recruits, also known as a law enforcement academy. Some are known as colleges or universities. They all have various background checks, examination, physical requirements, medical requirements, legal training, driving skills, equipment training and firearm training for new police recruits. The academy prepares the recruits for the police force they will be assigned to when they graduate.
- 1 Police academy by country
- 1.1 Australia
- 1.2 Bangladesh
- 1.3 Cyprus
- 1.4 Czech Republic
- 1.5 Estonia
- 1.6 Finland
- 1.7 Indonesia
- 1.8 India
- 1.9 Nepal
- 1.10 Norway
- 1.11 Philippines
- 1.12 Poland
- 1.13 Romania
- 1.14 Serbia
- 1.15 Slovak Republic
- 1.16 Sri Lanka
- 1.17 Turkey
- 1.18 United Arab Emirates
- 1.19 United Kingdom
- 1.20 United States
- 1.21 Vietnam
- 1.22 See also
- 2 References
- 3 External links
Police academy by country
In Australia, each of the states and mainland territories run a centralised academy for training of personnel of law enforcement agencies within the state or territory.
Police academies ensure that officers meet basic local, state, and federal standards. Graduation from an approved academy program is usually required before a new police officer is placed on active duty.
The New South Wales Police College, Victoria Police Academy, Queensland Police Academy, Tasmania Police Academy, South Australia Police Academy, Northern Territory Police Academy, Western Australia Police Academy and the Queensland Police Academy are the state police initial training institutions. The smaller yet distinguished Australian Federal Police College located in Barton, Canberra trains AFP initial recruits.
In the Republic of Cyprus the Cyprus Police Academy (Greek: Αστυνομική Ακαδημία Κύπρου) is the main educational institution for law enforcement officers. It was founded in 1990 in succession to the Police Training School. It is recognised as a higher education institution by the Cyprus Council for the Recognition of Higher Education Qualifications and operates under the Ministry of Justice and Public Order as a Police Unit in the organisational structure of the Cyprus Police. It works on a permanent basis, both for the education of Cadet Constables and for the training of all Police members irrelevant of their rank as part of their continuing education. Some law relevant courses are also conducted for none Police Officers.
In the Czech Republic the Police Academy is a university level College, where security specialization for police, public administration and private security services are taught. Some branches are open to civilians and some are only for police officers, firefighters, soldiers, etc. The schools are open to recruits with bachelor's degrees, master's and doctoral degrees.
Basic training centers for new police officers are called 'secondary police schools' and every police officer must go through one of these centers. In the system "senior police schools" still exist that have the educational status of 'higher learning', where specializations which are college requirement exempt are offered.
Municipal police may have several training centers whereas some larger cities have their own and while others conduct training in privately licensed agencies.
Finnish Police recruits are trained in the Police College of Finland, or POLAMK. It is located in Tampere, Finland and consists of various teaching facilities and related premises, including a vehicle training track and a training area for realistic police operations. POLAMK requires its candidates to be Finnish citizens, completed at least a vocational qualification or upper secondary school studies or the matriculation examination, of good health, have no criminal background, and to possess certain traits evaluated by psychological exams. The Security Police will perform a basic security check of the applicant. Matters considered in the statement from the Security Police include penalties and convictions, arrests for drunkenness, racist attitudes and security and other risks. Applicants must possess at least a short-term driving licence by the end of the application period. At least one year's work experience by the end of the application period. A maximum of 9 months of the military service will be counted as work experience. The basic police training lasts in its entirety for 3 years.
In Indonesia, Akademi Kepolisian or abbreviated as AKPOL is the main institute, training center, and school for new recruits/cadets joining the Indonesian National Police Force to become highly trained and professional officers. The academy is located in Semarang, Central Java
In India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy is the national institute for training of Indian Police Service (IPS) officers before they are sent to their respective Indian state cadres for carrying out their duties. The academy is located in Hyderabad, India.
National Police Academy (NPA) formerly known as Central Police Training Centre (CPTC) established on the onset with the police regulation of 1993. CPTC was founded in 1956.
During the 1980s, the Philippine National Police Academy in Cavite served as a school for selected enlisted personnel and civilians to join as a Police/Fire Lieutenants in the defunct Integrated National Police. After the merging of the Philippine Constabulary and INP in January 1, 1991 it became the primary officers school for the new Philippine National Police, the Bureau of Fire Protection and the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology, all under the Department of the Interior and Local Government. The Philippine National Police Academy graduates are automatically appointed as Inspectors/Lieutenants in the Philippine National Police, Bureau of Fire Protection, and the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology according to their choice of public safety curriculum during their cadetship. This is under the supervision of the DILG and the Philippine Public Safety College.
In Serbia, the future police officers are trained at the Basic Police Training Centre in Sremska Kamenica, former Police High School. The training lasts for 1 year and it is followed by a 6-month probation period at the Regional Police Departments. The skills the young men and women acquire are for general jurisdiction police officers, and after they are employed, they can specialise in a line of work (traffic police, border police, special forces...). There is also the Academy of Criminalistic and Police Studies, the higher education institution established as a legal successor of the Advanced School of Internal Affairs, formed in 1972, and Police Academy, formed in 1993.
In the Slovak Republic Police Academy named College (University), which offers courses in security specialization for police, public administration and private security services. Some branches are open and civilians, and some are only for police officers, firefighters, soldiers, etc. The schools are open to bachelor's degrees, Master's and doctoral degrees.
Basic training center for new police officers are called 'secondary police schools' and they must go through every police officer and municipal police officer.
Sri Lanka, in 2008 established the Sri Lanka Police Academy bring together several police training institutions including the Sri Lanka Police College.
Police Academy established in 1937 to recruit police chiefs. Also in 1938 a police college (high school) established in Ankara in order to prepare students for Police Academy. Today police academy recruits police officers in 26 school located in different parts of Turkey and police chiefs in one school located in Ankara.
United Arab Emirates
In the Abu Dhabi Police Academy the study programme includes practical and field training. After successful completion of the programme the student shall be awarded a Bachelor's Degree in Law and Policing Sciences.
An Institute for officers training affiliated to the Police College was established in 1992. In 2002, the system of study in the College was changed to incorporate training theory programs and field work.
The four years duration of study are divided into two levels of study consisting of eight terms:
Basic level – two years
One year for theoretical study and another for field work.
Advanced level – two years
These two levels are preceded by an introductory period for the physical and psychological preparation of the students. After successful completion of the study and training programmes the student will be awarded a Bachelor's degree in Police Sciences and Criminal Justice.
The Dubai Police Academy was founded in 1987, and was granted autonomy from the police force as long as it retains some affiliation with Dubai Police General Headquarters. It was fully inaugurated in 1989 in the presence of Sheikh Maktoum Bin Rashid Al Maktoum. In 1992, degrees offered by the academy were made equal to degrees from universities.
The first class was from 1987 to 1988, and consisted of 51 cadets and 30 full-time students, some of whom were existing police officers. they graduated in 1991. During the academic year of 1996–1997, students from other Arabic countries such as Yemen and thePalestinian Territories were admitted.
All candidates for the 43 police forces for England and Wales must be over the age of 18½; of a reasonable standard of physical fitness, with good health and eyesight; and be a British citizen, a Commonwealth citizen with no restrictions on his or her stay here, or a citizen of the Republic of Ireland. All serve two years as probationary constables, which will be spent training in both academic and practical situations. As from 2007, all training has been managed by the National Policing Improvement Agency.
Police academies exist in every state and at the federal level. Each state has an agency which certifies police academies and their programs. Most states have minimum physical and academic standards for cadets to achieve before they can enter an academy and graduate. There may be additional or higher standards required for later certification as a police officer. While some states allow open enrollment in police academies, many require cadets to be hired by a police department in order to attend. Departments and/or state certifying agencies may also require individuals to pass background checks, psychological evaluations, polygraph exams, drug screenings and qualify with a firearm and demonstrate driving skills, as conditions of employment/certification.
Society is constantly changing, with this change in how people view crime and law enforcement it is necessary for police training to change as well. Training of police has not always been what it is today. The early years of policing was known as the "political era", the style of policing that was used was a "watchmen" style. This type of policing is exactly what it sounds like; men were selected and given little to no formal training. These men were trusted with the safety of the community. However, due to corruption there was call for change in policing style. The change that came after is the known as the "reform era" in this era a call for the professionalism of police was addressed. The Wickersham Commission was created in this era by President Herbert Hoover explaining how the police were not equipped to control crime and created new departments inside the whole department in order to combat crime. The main goal of the police moved from pleasing the politicians to crime control. This led into a strain between the police and the community and not valuing the community's outlook and opinion. The community didn't appreciate this, which caused another change in the style of policing. The next era, which is today's era, is the community policing era. The style of today's era is more focused on serving the community and preventing crime. The police are more involved in the community's daily lives helping with anything they need. The police are now more trained to a part of the society so there is no longer a gap between society and the police.
In Connecticut, police officer recruits receive a certification to enforce the General Statutes. Their training is conducted at "The Connecticut Police Academy" located at 285 Preston Avenue, in Meriden, CT. In order to become a certified police officer, a recruit must attend an 818-hour basic training course that covers various aspects of police work. This basic training course is certified by Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA).
In Florida, police academies are primarily run by community colleges or state agencies. All law enforcement officers in the state are certified as such by a governing body appointed by the governor called the Criminal Justice Standards and Training Commission under the Florida Department of Law Enforcement. All applicants must pass a state examination and be hired by a law enforcement agency within 4 years to be considered certified.
In the state of Iowa, the Iowa Department of Public Safety (DPS) is the governing body that sets standards in the state for all law enforcement applicants, firefighter applicants, and EMT applicants, all qualifying officers must go through a Federal background investigation before taking the Federal Civil Service Exam, once the applicant has completed the Civil Service Exam with an acceptable grade, he then must pass a physical examination, which includes a certain number of push-ups, sit-ups, and a timed one mile run, the time of the run, and the number of physical activities are set to the age of the applicant, no applicant can be under the age of 18, or over the age of 45. All applicants are then screened as to their criminal status, the applicant must have a clean record going back ten years before they can be considered for a position, the only marks that can be considered acceptable would be no more than two speeding tickets in a one-year period, no other convictions of any kind can appear on the applicants record, the applicant cannot be a convicted felon. The applicant is then placed on a probationary status, and placed as a ride-along with an experienced officer for a period not exceeding one year before being placed to the Iowa Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA), located in Johnston, IA on the grounds of Camp Dodge (Iowa National Guard Base). The applicant then undergoes a training period of 13 weeks at the Academy before graduating, gaining their shield, and sidearm, and being assigned with their applying departments. For any applicant to the Iowa Department of Criminal Investigation, they must first hold a Bachelor's degree in Criminal Justice before being considered for a position, then, they undergo the same treatment as any other police applicant. All police department application procedures are regulated by the Iowa Department of Public Safety. ILEA is run by the DPS, and covers all police training in the state, including individual city police officers, County Sheriff's deputies, and Iowa State Patrol troopers.
In Maryland, the Maryland Police and Correctional Training Commission is the civilian governing body that sets standards for law enforcement personnel within the state. Most major law enforcement agencies operate their own academy in which recruits must pass over 550 objectives including (but not limited to): criminal and traffic law, officer safety techniques, defensive tactics, report writing, a 40-hour block of emergency vehicle operations, a 40-hour block of First Responder, and a 40-hour block of weapon training. Most agencies operate non-resident academies; however, the Maryland State Police requires recruits to live at the academy and, dependent on their performance level for the week, may leave campus for the weekend. Many colleges such as the University of Maryland and other community colleges offer police academy instruction as well.
In Michigan, in order to become law enforcement officers, any and all applicants have the option to be certified by the Michigan Commission on Law Enforcement Standards or MCOLES. All persons wishing to become police officers in the State of Michigan must be certified through MCOLES. Cadets must pass a physical fitness exam as well as a reading and writing exam. Applicants also cannot have any felonies, weapons violations, or a history of domestic violence posted on their criminal records. Police academies are most often part of community colleges, city or county police and sheriff departments, or the Michigan State Police.
At the end of the police academy, candidates take the MCOLES test. Upon successful completion, candidates are 'certifiable' and have a period of one year to obtain a job (if not sponsored by an agency). If a candidate is unable to obtain a police job within that year, and if the candidate wishes to be considered in the future, he/she must attend a two-week re-certification course, which adds another year to the window of opportunity.
The basis of the Utah basic training for police academy is to protect the community and the citizens the police are serving. They do this by basic training, firearms training, curriculum development, canine training, defensive tactics, emergency vehicle operations, and physical fitness. Training for Utah officers is broken into two separate sections, called blocks. The two blocks are special functions and law enforcement. In order to be certified in the state of Utah an individual must successfully finish both courses of training. This training is provided so that the officers may be as professional and as up to date as possible. Along with the original training, officers are also required to do an additional 40 hours of training annually in order to stay up to date on all current laws and police procedures.
People's Police Academy is a training centre under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Public Security.
On 15 May 05,[clarification needed] 1968, the People's Police was established within the Department of the Public Security Police Central (now known as the Academy of the People's Security).
- Training police officers with university degrees and postgraduate courses. Create resource staff for force People's Police of Vietnam;
- Look at the scientific topics of the National Crime Prevention; Administration of State Security Order, Criminal Law, Works of Justice investigation.
- International Training Cooperation with foreign police.
- Dunham, Roger; Alpert, Geoffrey (2010). Critical issues in policing. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press Inc. p. 55. ISBN 1-57766-622-4.
- Dunham, Roger; Alpert, Geoffrey; Uchida, Craig (2010). Critical Issues in Policing. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press Inc. pp. 17–26. ISBN 1-57766-622-4.
- "Wickersham Report". American Journal of Police Science. August 1931. Retrieved April 4, 2015.
- Rosenbaum, Dennis (1994). The Challenge of Community Policing. London: Sage Publications. pp. 3–27.
- "Utah Department of Public Safety". The Academy - Basic Training Bureau. State of Utah. March 8, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- Police Academy
- Law Enforcement Forum.
- The Iowa Law Enforcement Academy web site
- Police Academy of the NYPD
- Police Academy of the LAPD
- California Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training
- Police Academy of the Philadelphia Police Department
- Police Academy of the Jacksonville Sheriff's Office
- Police Academies of the United States
- Police College of the Hong Kong Police Force
- Police College Of Finland