Polish Argentine

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Polish Argentine
Polaco-Argentino
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Total population

500,000[1]


1.25% of Argentina's population
Regions with significant populations
Buenos Aires, Misiones Province, Córdoba Province, Santa Fe Province
Languages
Predominantly in Spanish, minority speak Polish
Religion
Roman Catholicism and Judaism
Related ethnic groups
Poles, Polish Chilean, Polish Mexican, Polish Brazilian, Polish Jews, Polish American, Polish Canadians

A Polish Argentine (Spanish: polaco-argentino) is an Argentine citizen of full or partial Polish ancestry or a Poland-born person who resides in Argentina. Poland was the fourth largest net migrants contributor after Italy, Spain and Germany. Although it is hard to give an exact number of Polish immigrants to Argentina, as those who immigrated before 1919 carried German, Austrian or Russian passport, it is estimated that between 1921 and 1976, 169,335 Poles permanently settled in the country.[2] Today there are between 500,000 and 1 million Argentines of Polish descent.[3] The Polish minority in Argentina is both one of the most significant minorities in Argentina and one of the largest groups of Polish minority.

Polish immigration to Argentina[edit]

It is not easy to determine the number of Poles who immigrated to Argentina. Before 1919, they were registered as Germans, Austrians or Russians. Polish immigrants to Argentina were made up of three distinct groups: the Catholic ethnic Poles (25%), the Orthodox Ruthenians (45-50%) and the Polish Jews (25-30%). Between 1921 and 1976, 169,335 immigrants from Poland permanently settled in Argentina.

The first Poles arrived in Argentina during the 19th century. In 1890, the first Polish organization in Argentina was founded (Towarzystwo Polskie). For many years, the Misiones Province was the major Polish center in Argentina [3].

Today it is estimated that between 500,000 and 1 million Argentines have Polish ancestry. Over a quarter of Misiones population has Polish roots (250,000 persons),[4] the highest concentration of Polish Argentines in the country. About 140,000 Poles live in Buenos Aires; other Argentine cities with large Polish populations include Córdoba, Rosario and Santa Fe.[5]

A major organization of Polish minority is the Polish Association in Argentina (Związek Polaków w Argentynie).

In 1995 the Argentine National Congress made June 8 Polish Settlers' Day.[6]

Figures[edit]