|170,354 (by ancestry, 2011)
48,678 (by birth, 2011)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Victoria, New South Wales, Western Australia and South Australia|
|Australian English, Polish|
|Christianity (Predominantly Catholic; Lutheran) Judaism, and no religion.|
A Polish Australian is an Australian person of full or partial Polish ancestry or a Polish citizen living in Australia.
The Polish-born Australian resident population predominantly were Australian citizens (90.3%), Christian (82.4%) and used Polish at home (70.0%). Around 78% arrived in Australia before 1990.
In addition, in 2006 163,802 Australian residents declared they had Polish ancestry, either alone or in combination with one other ancestry.
A prominent Pole, Paul Edmund Strzelecki arrived at Sydney on 25 April 1839. At the request of the Governor of New South Wales, Sir George Gipps. Strzelecki made a geological and mineralogical survey of the Gippsland region in present-day eastern Victoria, where he made many discoveries including gold in 1839. In 1839, with an expedition crew, Strzelecki set out from Sydney on an expedition into the Australian Alps. In 1840 he climbed the highest peak on mainland Australia and named it Mount Kosciuszko. He reached Melbourne on 28 May 1840. From 1840 to 1842 Strzelecki explored Tasmania (then known as Van Diemen's Land). Having travelled 11,000 kilometres (7,000 miles) through New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania, examining the geology along the way Strzelecki returned to England where he was awarded in May 1846 the Gold Medal of the Royal Geographical Society.
The first settlers from Poland arrived in South Australia in 1856 and settled in the Clare Valley region in a place later called Polish Hill River. The first mass migration happened in the late 1940s when large groups of displaced persons who could not return to a free Poland migrated to Australia after World War II, including soldiers from the Polish Independent Carpathian Brigade ("rats of Tobruk"). Between 1947 and 1954, the Poland-born population increased from 6,573 to 56,594 people.
In the early 1980s there was further Polish migration to Australia. The emergence of the Solidarity trade union movement and the declaration of martial law in Poland at the end of 1981 coincided with a further relaxation of Polish emigration laws. During the period 1980-91 Australia granted permanent entry to a large number of Polish migrants, many arriving as refugees who soon got a reputation for being hard working. In 1991, an independent, voluntary organisation was established to inform the Australian public about issues related to Polish history, politics, society and culture. The immediate trigger for establishing The Australian Institute of Polish Affairs (also known as AIPA) was strong public interest in the historic changes that swept Central Europe in 1989 and led to the collapse of communism.
Mount Kosciuszko, the highest mountain in Australia (not including its external territories),  was named by the Polish explorer Count Paul Edmund Strzelecki in 1840, in honour of the Polish and American national hero and hero of the American Revolutionary War General Tadeusz Kościuszko, because Strzelecki perceived resemblance to the Kościuszko Mound in Kraków.
Notable Polish Australians
- Ziggy Switkowski (chairman of NBN Co, Suncorp Group and Opera Australia, chancellor of RMIT, and former CEO of Telstra and Optus)
- Anthony Pratt (chairman of Visy Industries)
- Richard Pratt (former chairman of Visy Industries, and first chancellor of Swinburne University of Technology)
- Viva Bianca (actress)
- Elizabeth Debicki (actress)
- Matthew Dyktynski (actor)
- Marzena Godecki (actress)
- Natalie Gruzlewski (presenter of Getaway and The Farmer Wants A Wife)
- David Helfgott (pianist, as portrayed in the film Shine)
- Jacek Koman (actor/singer)
- Karl Kruszelnicki (scientist/entertainer)
- Nina Landis (actress)
- Guido Lorraine (actor)
- Yvonne Strahovski (actress)
- Magda Szubanski (comedian)
- Keith Urban (singer/songwriter)
- Mia Wasikowska (actress)
Politics and government
- Annastacia Palaszczuk (Labor Party member of the Parliament of Queensland since 2006, and Leader of the Opposition since 2012)
- Martin Pakula (Labor Party member of the Parliament of Victoria since 2006)
- Henry Palaszczuk (Labor Party member of the Parliament of Queensland from 1984 to 2006)
- Andrew Ziolkowski (Labor Party member of the Parliament of New South Wales from 1991 to 1994)
Science, engineering, medicine and academia
- Anna Wierzbicka (linguistics)
- Jerzy Zubrzycki (sociology)
- Jerzy Smolicz (sociology)
- Henry Millicer (aeronautical engineering)
- Alicia Molik (tennis)
- Samantha Stosur (tennis)
- Henry Bolewski (rugby league football)
- Peter Luczak (tennis)
- Paul Slowinski (kickboxing)
- Jim Krakouer and son Andrew J. Krakouer (Australian rules football)
- David Wojcinski (Australian rules football)
- James Wesolowski (Football (soccer))
- David Sierakowski (Australian rules football)
- Brian Sierakowski (Australian rules football)
- Clinton Schifcofske (rugby football)
- Michael Kasprowicz (cricket)
- Jason Krejza (cricket)
- John Kosmina (Football (soccer))
- David Tarka (Football (soccer))
- Stuart Musialik (Football (soccer))
- Daniel Piorkowski (Football (soccer))
- Olivia Rogowska (Tennis)
- Michael Klim (swimming)
- Daniel Kowalski (swimming)
- Nikolai Topor-Stanley (Football (soccer))
- Monique Adamczak (tennis)
- Stan Pilecki (rugby union)
- Carmen Marton (taekwondo)
- Summer Lochowicz (beach volleyball)
- J.M. Coetzee (South African-Australian writer with Polish roots, 2003 Nobel Prize in Literature winner)
- Paul Strzelecki (explorer who named Mount Kosciuszko)
- Marcin Jaskulski (journalist)
- Department of Immigration & Citizenship: Media - Publications: Statistics - Community Information Summaries
- of Birth of Person (full classification list) by Sex&producttype=Census Tables&method=Place of Usual Residence&areacode=0 ABS Census - Country of Birth, 2006
- Australian Bureau of Statistics 2006 Census Ethnic Media Package
- ABS Census - ethnicity
- "Kosciuszko National Park". Australian Alps National Parks. Retrieved 13 June 2009.[dead link]
- "Australian Geographical Name Derivations". Wikiski.com. 8 April 2011. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
- Cantelo, Sigourney (2012-11-06). "Our fair ladies: how to maintain pale skin". Vogue Australia.
- An article on the use of the Polish language by Polish Australians, specifically those in Melbourne:
- Fitzgerald, M. and Debski, R. (2006). Internet Use of Polish by Polish Melburnians: Implications for Maintenance and Teaching. Language Learning and Technology, 10(1), 87-109. Retrieved 10 August 2006 from http://llt.msu.edu/vol10num1/fitzdebski/default.html .