|170,354 (by ancestry, 2011)
48,678 (by birth, 2011)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Victoria, New South Wales, Western Australia and South Australia|
|Australian English, Polish|
|Predominantly Lutheran and no religion.|
A Polish Australian is an Australian person of full or partial Polish ancestry or a Polish citizen living in Australia.
The Polish-born Australian resident population predominantly were Australian citizens (90.3%), Christian (82.4%) and used Polish at home (70.0%). Around 78% arrived in Australia before 1990.
In addition, in 2006 163,802 Australian residents declared they had Polish ancestry, either alone or in combination with one other ancestry.
The first Pole known to have arrived in Australia was Joseph Potaski, who was sent there as a convict from Great Britain in 1803. The first settlers from Poland arrived in South Australia in 1856 and settled in the Clare Valley region in a place later called Polish Hill River. The first mass migration happened in the late 1940s when large groups of displaced persons who could not return to a free Poland migrated to Australia after World War II, including soldiers from the Polish Independent Carpathian Brigade ("rats of Tobruk"). Between 1947 and 1954, the Poland-born population increased from 6,573 to 56,594 people.
In the early 1980s there was further Polish migration to Australia. The emergence of the Solidarity trade union movement and the declaration of martial law in Poland at the end of 1981 coincided with a further relaxation of Polish emigration laws. During the period 1980-91 Australia granted permanent entry to a large number of Polish migrants, many arriving as refugees who soon got a reputation for being hard working. In 1991, an independent, voluntary organisation was established to inform the Australian public about issues related to Polish history, politics, society and culture. The immediate trigger for establishing The Australian Institute of Polish Affairs (also known as AIPA) was strong public interest in the historic changes that swept Central Europe in 1989 and led to the collapse of communism.
Mount Kosciuszko, the highest mountain in Australia (not including its external territories),  was named by the Polish explorer Count Paul Edmund Strzelecki in 1840, in honour of the Polish and American national hero and hero of the American Revolutionary War General Tadeusz Kościuszko, because Strzelecki perceived resemblance to the Kościuszko Mound in Kraków.
Notable Polish Australians
- Viva Bianca (actress)
- Elizabeth Debicki (actress)
- Matthew Dyktynski (actor)
- Marzena Godecki (actress)
- Natalie Gruzlewski (presenter of Getaway and The Farmer Wants A Wife)
- David Helfgott (pianist, as portrayed in the film Shine)
- Jacek Koman (actor/singer)
- Karl Kruszelnicki (scientist/entertainer)
- Nina Landis (actress)
- Guido Lorraine (actor)
- Yvonne Strahovski (actress)
- Magda Szubanski (comedian)
- Keith Urban (singer/songwriter)
- Mia Wasikowska (actress)
- Alicia Molik (tennis)
- Samantha Stosur (tennis)
- Peter Luczak (tennis)
- Paul Slowinski (kickboxing)
- Jim Krakouer and son Andrew J. Krakouer (Australian rules football)
- David Wojcinski (Australian rules football)
- James Wesolowski (Football (soccer))
- David Sierakowski (Australian rules football)
- Brian Sierakowski (Australian rules football)
- Clinton Schifcofske (rugby league)
- Michael Kasprowicz (cricket)
- Jason Krejza (cricket)
- John Kosmina (Football (soccer))
- David Tarka (Football (soccer))
- Stuart Musialik (Football (soccer))
- Daniel Piorkowski (Football (soccer))
- Olivia Rogowska (Tennis)
- Michael Klim (swimming)
- Daniel Kowalski (swimming)
- Nikolai Topor-Stanley (Football (soccer))
- Monique Adamczak (tennis)
- Stan Pilecki (rugby union)
- Anna Wierzbicka (linguistics)
- Jerzy Zubrzycki (sociology)
- Jerzy Smolicz (sociology)
- Henry Millicer (aeronautical engineering)
- J.M. Coetzee (South African-Australian writer with Polish roots, 2003 Nobel Prize in Literature winner)
- Paul Strzelecki (explorer who named Mount Kosciuszko)
- Marcin Jaskulski (journalist)
- Andrew Ziolkowski (NSW politician)
- Martin Pakula (VIC politician)
- Department of Immigration & Citizenship: Media - Publications: Statistics - Community Information Summaries
- of Birth of Person (full classification list) by Sex&producttype=Census Tables&method=Place of Usual Residence&areacode=0 ABS Census - Country of Birth, 2006
- Australian Bureau of Statistics 2006 Census Ethnic Media Package
- ABS Census - ethnicity
- "Kosciuszko National Park". Australian Alps National Parks. Retrieved 13 June 2009.[dead link]
- "Australian Geographical Name Derivations". Wikiski.com. 8 April 2011. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
- Cantelo, Sigourney (2012-11-06). "Our fair ladies: how to maintain pale skin". Vogue Australia.
- An article on the use of the Polish language by Polish Australians, specifically those in Melbourne:
- Fitzgerald, M. and Debski, R. (2006). Internet Use of Polish by Polish Melburnians: Implications for Maintenance and Teaching. Language Learning and Technology, 10(1), 87-109. Retrieved 10 August 2006 from http://llt.msu.edu/vol10num1/fitzdebski/default.html .