Parliament of Poland
|Marshal of the Senate||Bogdan Borusewicz, PO
Since 5 November 2007
|Marshal of the Sejm||Ewa Kopacz, PO
Since 8 November 2011
|Sejm building, Warsaw|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The parliament of Poland consists of an upper house – the Senate – and a lower house, the Sejm. Both houses are accommodated by the Sejm building complex in Warsaw. The parliament itself is without an official name; Poland's constitution refers only to the Sejm and the Senate.
Members of both houses are elected by popular elections, usually held every four years. The Sejm has 460 members, while the Senate has 100 senators. To become law, a bill must first be approved by both houses. The Sejm can override a Senate refusal to pass a bill.
On certain occasions, the Marshal of the Sejm summons the National Assembly that consists of the members of both houses of parliament. Its function is mostly ceremonial in nature and it convenes only occasionally, such as to witness the inauguration of the President. Under exceptional circumstances, the constitution endows the National Assembly with significant responsibilities, such as the power to bring the President before the State Tribunal (impeachment).
|Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, PO)||5,629,773||18,30||39,18||207||–2||–2.33||63||+3|
|Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, PiS)||4,295,016||13,96||29.89||157||–9||–2.22||31||–8|
|Palikot's Movement (Ruch Palikota, RP)||1,439,490||4,67||10.02||40||+40||—||—|
|Polish People's Party (Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, PSL)||1,201,628||3,90||8.36||28||–3||–0.55||2||+2|
|Democratic Left Alliance (Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, SLD)||1,184,303||3,84||8.24||27||–26||–4.91||—||—|
|Poland Comes First (Polska jest Najważniejsza, PJN)||315,393||1,02||2.19||—||—†||—||—†|
|Congress of the New Right (Kongres Nowej Prawicy, KNP)||151,837||0,49||1.06||—||–||—||–|
|Polish Labour Party (Polska Partia Pracy, PPP)||79,147||0,25||0.55||—||—||—||—|
|Right of the Republic–Real Politics Union (Prawica)||35,169||0,11||0.24||—||—||–0.44||—||—|
|German Minority (Mniejszość Niemiecka, MN)||28,014||0,09||0.20||1||—||–0.03||—||—|
|Our Home Poland (Nasz Dom Polska)||9,733||0,03||0.05||—||—||–1.48||—||—|
†PjN did not exist at the previous election, but had 15 Sejm seats and 1 Senate seat when the previous Parliament was dissolved.
- List of members of the parliament of Poland, 1989–1991
- List of members of the parliament of Poland, 1991–1993
- List of members of the parliament of Poland, 1993–1997
- List of members of the parliament of Poland, 1997–2001
- List of members of the parliament of Poland, 2001–2005
- List of members of the parliament of Poland, 2005–2007
- List of members of the parliament of Poland, 2007–2011
- List of members of the parliament of Poland, 2011–present