Polish Radio External Service

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Polish Radio External Service
Type international broadcasting
Country  Poland
Availability global
Owner Polskie Radio
Key people
John Beauchamp (English Service Editor)
Launch date
1936
Former names
Radio Polonia, PR5
Official website
http://external.polskieradio.pl/, http://thenews.pl

Polish Radio External Service (till January 2007 as Radio Polonia) (Polish: Polskie Radio dla Zagranicy) is the official international broadcasting station of Poland.

Polish Radio External Service (PR ES) is a part of Poland’s public radio network - Polish Radio. Its aim is to broadcast programs on developments in Poland, Polish foreign policy, the economy, business and foreign investments. Polish Radio External Service provides objective and impartial information about Poland and its stance on international affairs. It shows Polish society, its daily life as well as scientific and cultural achievements. Polish Radio External Service ended their English language shortwave broadcasts in 2012 and announced that they would be ceasing all shortwave transmissions on October 27, 2013 from which point they will only be broadcasting over the internet and through partnerships such as the World Radio Network.[1]

History[edit]

  • 1936 – Polish Radio launches shortwave broadcasts of brief programmes in English and Polish
  • 1945 – after the end of World War 2, the shortwave channel Warszawa III resumes external broadcasts
  • 1959 - Polish Radio starts broadcasting in Esperanto
  • 1990 – Polish Radio starts broadcasting for Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia
  • 2000 – Radio Polonia begins daily Real Audio broadcasts in several languages via the World Radio Network
  • 2007 - Radio Polonia changed name into Polish Radio External Service
  • 2012 - English language shortwave transmissions end.
  • 2013 - Remaining shortwave services close on October 27.

Programmes[edit]

Polish Radio External Service broadcast 11 hours a day in seven languages: Polish, English, German, Russian, Ukrainian, Hebrew and Belarusian. There was also a weekly Yiddish-language broadcast called "new waves". Shortwave transmissions were reduced between 2007 and 2012 and by 2013 PRES was broadcasting two times a day with programmes in Polish, Belarussian and Russian. On October 27, 2013, all shortwave transmissions ceased and PRES became an online only entity.

Polish Radio External Service brings:

  • news bulletins
  • news analysis
  • press reviews
  • correspondent’s dispatches
  • interviews and discussions
  • features

Listen[edit]

Listeners in Europe can tune in via satellite on Eutelsat 13 E, 10892 MHz, FEC 3/4, SR 27500, Horizontal, PID audio 0119

Polish Radio External Service can be heard in English, Polish and German on the World Radio Network (WRN) through terrestrial relays, on cable and via satellite.

On cable: PR ES in English is also available to 4.5 million homes on cable in London, Dublin, Berlin, Amsterdam, Brussels, Vienna, Strassburg, Geneva, Tokyo, Washington D.C. and many other cities. You can also hear it on hotel cable in the Netherlands and Hong Kong.

WRN satellite relays[edit]

  • Europe

In English Hot Bird 13°E WRN Euro Max English Eurobird 28.5°E SKY digital

In German Astra 1L 19.2°E 11.612 GHz, pol. H, audio subcarrier 7.38 MHz Hot Bird 5, 13°E, 12.597 GHz

  • North America

In English In German Telstar 5 97° W, 12.177 GHz, pol. V

  • Asia, Australia

In English AsiaSat 100.5° E, 4.000 GHz, European Bouquet package

  • Africa

In English PanAmSat 4 68.5° E, Multichoice package

WRN terrestrial relays[edit]

Africa[edit]

In English:
  • Malawi – 101 FM, Blantyre
  • Namibia – UNAM, Windhoek
  • South Africa – Bush Radio, Cape Town; SAFM; The Voice, Johannesburg
  • Zambia – Radio Choice, Lusaka

Australasia[edit]

In English:
  • Australia – 5UV Adelaide; KLFM Bendigo & Castlemaine

Europe[edit]

In Belarusian:
  • Lithuania - Radio Baltic Waves 1386 kHz, Kaunas
  • Lithuania - Radio znad Willi 103.8 FM, Vilnius
In English:
  • Denmark – Nyhetsradioen 24/7
  • Ireland – RTÉ Choice
  • Netherlands – Radio Horizon
  • United Kingdom – BBC Coventry & Warwickshire
In Polish:
  • Lithuania - Radio Baltic Waves 1386 kHz, Kaunas
  • Lithuania - Radio znad Willi 103.8 FM, Vilnius
  • Ukraine - Radio Niezależność 106.7 FM, Lviv
  • Ukraine - Radio TAKT 103.7 FM, Vinnitsa
  • Ukraine - Radio Podolje Center 104.6 FM, Khmelnitsky
  • Ukraine - Radio Luck 107.3 FM, Luck
In Russian:
  • Russia – WRN Russian 738 kHz, Moscow
In Ukrainian:
  • Ukraine – Radio Era, FM-network in Ukraine
  • Ukraine - Radio Zakhidniy Polus 104.3 FM, Ivano-Frankivsk
  • Ukraine - Radio Niezależność 106.7 FM, Lviv

North America[edit]

In English:
  • Canada – CBC Overnight
  • United States – KUAZ, Phoenix; National Public Radio; SIRIUS digital radio for drivers; WBFO, Buffalo; WCPN, Cleveland; WDET, Detroit; West Virginia Public Radio Network; WLRN, Miami

Comparison[edit]

Estimated total direct programme hours per week of some external radio broadcasters for 1996
Broadcaster 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 1996[2]
United States VOA, RFE/RL & Radio Martí 497 1,495 1,907 1,901 2,611 1,821
China China Radio International 66 687 1,267 1,350 1,515 1,620
United Kingdom BBC World Service 643 589 723 719 796 1,036
Russia Radio Moscow / Voice of Russia[1][3] 533 1,015 1,908 2,094 1,876 726
Germany Deutsche Welle 0 315 779 804 848 655
Egypt Radio Cairo (ERTU) 0 301 540 546 605 604
Iran IRIB World Service / Voice of the Islamic Republic of Iran 12 24 155 175 400 575
India All India Radio 116 157 271 389 456 500
Japan NHK World Radio Japan 0 203 259 259 343 468
France Radio France Internationale 198 326 200 125 379 459
Netherlands Radio Netherlands Worldwide[1] 127 178 335 289 323 392
Israel Israel Radio International[1] 0 91 158 210 253 365
Turkey Voice of Turkey 40 77 88 199 322 364
North Korea Radio Pyongyang / Voice of Korea 0 159 330 597 534 364
Bulgaria Radio Bulgaria[1] 30 117 164 236 320 338
Australia Radio Australia 181 257 350 333 330 307
Albania Radio Tirana (RTSH) 26 63 487 560 451 303
Romania Radio Romania International 30 159 185 198 199 298
Spain Radio Exterior de España[5] 68 202 251 239 403 270
Portugal RDP Internacional[1] 46 133 295 214 203 226
Cuba Radio Havana Cuba 0 0 320 424 352 203
Italy Rai Italia Radio[1] 170 205 165 169 181 203
Canada Radio Canada International[1] 85 80 98 134 195 175
Poland Radio Polonia[1] 131 232 334 337 292 171
South Africa Radio RSA / Channel Africa 0 63 150 183 156 159
Sweden Sveriges Radio International[1] 28 114 140 155 167 149
Hungary Magyar Rádió[1] 76 120 105 127 102 144
Czech Republic Radio Prague[4] 119 196 202 255 131 131
Nigeria Voice of Nigeria 0 0 62 170 120 127
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Radio Belgrade / International Radio of Serbia 80 70 76 72 96 68

Source: International Broadcast Audience Research, June 1996

The list includes about a quarter of the world's external broadcasters whose output is both publicly funded and worldwide. Among those excluded are Taiwan, Vietnam, South Korea and various international commercial and religious stations.

Notes:

  1. Does not broadcast on shortwave as of 2014.
  2. 1996 figures as at June; all other years as at December.
  3. Before 1991, broadcasting for the former USSR.
  4. Before 1996, broadcasting for the former Czechoslovakia.
  5. REE ceased all shortwave broadcasts in October 2014 but announced in December that it would resume shortwave transmission in Spanish only for four hours a day in order to accommodate Spanish fishing trawlers who were otherwise unable to receive REE at sea.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]