Polish Special Forces

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Polish Special Forces
Wojska Specjalne
POL Wojska Specjalne.svg
Wojska Specjalne Eagle
Active 2007 - present
Country  Poland
Allegiance Polish Armed Forces
Type special forces
Size 2619 (February 2014)[1]
Garrison/HQ Kraków
Engagements Iraq occupation, War in Afghanistan, Syrian civil war (Personnel recovery, Emergency evacuation)
Commanders
Commander gen. bryg. Piotr Patalong
Chief of Staff gen. bryg. Jerzy Gut
Insignia
Wojska Specjalne Flag PL special forces flag IIIRP.svg

Wojska Specjalne, WS (en. Special Troops) is the 4th military branch of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland formed in early 2007. It is composed of special forces units and command:

Equipment[edit]

Special Forces HMMWV.
Members of Special Forces during the Polish Army Day parade in 2014.

Firearms[edit]

Name Type Notes
Standard Firearms of Polish Armed Forces
AKM 7.62x39 mm Assault Rifle Virtually phased out
Kbs wz. 1996 Beryl 5.56x45 mm Assault Rifle Most commonly used weapon.
Pallad grenade launcher 40x47 mm Grenade Launcher
SWD 7.62x54R mm Sniper Rifle
Sako TRG 7.62x51 mm Sniper Rifle
PKM 7.62x54R mm General Purpose Machine Gun
UKM-2000 7.62x51 mm General Purpose Machine Gun
Standard (most common) Firearms of Polish Special Forces
Heckler & Koch USP/Heckler & Koch MK23 9x19 mm and 11.43×23 mm Semi-Auto Pistol Standard pistol in JW Grom
Glock 17 9x19 mm Semi-Auto Pistol Standard pistol in JW Komandosów and JW Agat
SIG P226 9x19 mm Semi-Auto Pistol Standard pistol in JW Formoza
FN Five-seven 5.7x28 mm Semi-Auto Pistol Standard pistol for close protection in JW Grom
Heckler & Koch MP5 9x19 mm Submachine Gun Standard SMG for direct force operations in JW Grom
FN P90 5.7x28 mm Submachine Gun Standard SMG for close protection in JW Grom
Kbs wz. 1996 Beryl 5.56x45 mm Assault Rifle
Colt M4A1 5.56x45 mm Assault Rifle Mostly supplanted the Beryl in JW GROM. Less prevalent in other units.
Heckler & Koch HK416 5.56x45 mm Assault Rifle Assault rife used by Polish SOF, used by JW Grom, JW Komandosów and JW Agat; various barrel options used (10, 14.5 and 16.5 inch) Most commonly used assault rifle of the Special Forces
Heckler & Koch AG-C/GLM 40x46SR mm Grenade Launcher Standard grenade luncher used with HK416
Heckler & Koch G36 5.56x45 mm Assault Rifle used in JW Formoza
Heckler & Koch AG36 40x46SR mm Grenade Launcher Standard grenade luncher used with G36
FN Minimi 5.56x45 mm and 7.62x51 mm Light Machine Gun Most common light machine gun in polish SOF
Carl Gustav 84×246R mm Recoilless Rifle
Other Firearms (less common)
Beretta 92 9x19 mm Semi-Auto Pistol
M4 Carbine 5.56x45 mm Assault Rifle Clones made by KAC and Bushmaster
F2000 5.56x45 mm Assault Rifle
M14 rifle 7.62x51 mm Battle Rifle Upgraded to EBR standard
M203 40x46SR mm Grenade Launcher
H&K MZP-1 40x46SR mm Grenade Launcher
Remington 870 12 gauge Shotgun
Heckler & Koch PSG-1 7.62x51 mm Sniper Rifle
Remington 700 Sniper Rifle
Mauser SP66 Sniper Rifle
Mauser 86 Sniper Rifle
Barrett M82 12.7x99 mm Anti-Material Rifle

Vehicles[edit]

Name Type Variant In Service Notes
HMMWV Four-wheel Drive Multi-Purpose Vehicle M1165A1 5 Polish Armed Forces currently operate 222 different variants of HMMWVes (217 are operated by the Polish Land Forces).
Toyota Four-wheel Drive Vehicle Land Cruiser
Hilux[2]
Used by GROM and 1 Pułk Specjalny Komandosów
Land Rover Defender Four-wheel Drive Vehicle 90
110
4[3]
6
Used by GROM and Formoza
Mercedes-Benz Four-wheel Drive Vehicle
Truck
G-class
Atego 1323AK
6
10[4]
Polish Armed forces currently operate a total number of 140 G-class vehicles.[5] The Land forces operate 121 GD 290s and MB290GD WDs.[4] The military police uses 13 GD 290s.[4]
Tarpan Honker 4x4 Honker Skorpion 3 special version Used by 1 Pułk Specjalny Komandosów
Star Truck Star 1444 (MAN TGM 18.280 BB) 1[4]
Volvo Truck Volvo FM 8x4
Volvo FM 6x6
Volvo FM 4x4
10[4]
11[4]
2[4]

Look also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.dz.urz.mon.gov.pl/zasoby/dziennik/pozycje/zalaczniki/2014/02/Zal._do_poz._45_dec._budzet.pdf
  2. ^ Nowa Technika Wojskowa magazine, issue 03/09
  3. ^ "Nadjeżdża Huzar". 4 January 2005. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Zakupy pojazdów dla Wojska Polskiego". Gdzie zaczyna się wojsko…. 
  5. ^ Nowa Technika Wojskowa magazine, issue 03/09 96

External links[edit]