Polish Venezuelans (Polish: Polscy Wenezuelczycy, Spanish: polaco-venezolanos) are Venezuelan citizens of full or partial Polish ancestry. The Polish colony in Venezuela is well dispersed throughout the country, but most of the Poles and their descendants live in big cities like Caracas, Maracaibo and Valencia.
Polish immigration to Venezuela occurred in three stages, the first during World War II, when Polish citizens of Jewish origin were fleeing the Holocaust.
The second happened immediately after the war (years 1946-48), when the Poles of Jewish origin who survived the war joined their relatives already established in Venezuela. In addition, many Polish soldiers who had fought in Britain, Germany and Italy or were prisoners in Nazi camps migrated to Venezeuela.
The next wave of Polish immigration to Venezuela took place between 1957-1958 when a few hundred Polish citizens primarily of Jewish origin arrived. There were others who escaped from Poland during a communist crackdown (1947-1956).
R. Stemplowski y J. Szemiński: Polskie źródła archiwalne do dziejów Ameryki Łacińskiej w XIX i XX wieku [Fuentes de archivos polacos relativas a la historia de América en los siglos XIX y XX], «Dzieje Najnowsze», 1972, n° 2. p 2.
K. R. Pragłowski: Nawiązanie stosunków gospodarczych z Wenezuelą [El establecimiento de relaciones económicas con Venezuela], Warszawa 1929.