Borders of Poland

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Kraków
Katowice
Wrocław
Łódź
Poznań
Bydgoszcz
Lublin
Białystok
Gdańsk
Szczecin
Warsaw
Baltic Sea
Tatra
Sudetes
Russia
Lithuania
Belarus
Ukraine
Slovakia
Czech Republic
Ger.
Sweden
Denmark
Poland's old and new borders, 1945
Borders of Poland with length
Neuwarper See (Jezioro Nowowarpieńskie), a lake divided by a border between Poland and Germany

The Borders of Poland are 3511[1] or 3582 kilometers long.[2] The neighboring countries are Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and Lithuania and the Russian province of Kaliningrad Oblast to the northeast. To the north, Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea.

Breakdown of border lengths per entity

  1. Czech Republic-Poland border: 796km[1] or 790km[2]
  2. Poland-Slovakia border: 541km[1] or 539km[2]
  3. Poland-Ukraine border: 535km[1] or 529km[2]
  4. Germany-Poland border: 467km[2][1]
  5. Belarus-Poland border: 418km[1] or 416km[2]
  6. Poland-Russia border (Kaliningrad Oblast): 210km[2][1]
  7. Lithuania-Poland border: 104km[1] or 103km[2]
  8. sea (Baltic Sea): 440km[1] or 528km[2]

Polish coastal line is 770km long.[1]

Major border crossings[edit]

After accession of Poland to the European Union in 2004, border crossings with EU states (Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Lithuania) were made redundant. Infrastructure remains in place, but its use and the controls are no longer obligatory, or necessary.[3]

Former[edit]

with Germany

  1. Świnoujście
  2. Kołbaskowo
  3. Kostrzyn nad Odrą
  4. Świecko
  5. Gubin
  6. Olszyna
  7. Zgorzelec

with the Czech Republic

  1. Jakuszyce
  2. Kudowa-Słone
  3. Chałupki
  4. Cieszyn

with Slovakia

  1. Chyżne
  2. Łysa Polana
  3. Jurgów
  4. Barwinek

with Lithuania

  1. Ogrodniki
  2. Budzisko

Historically, Poland also had borders (and border crossings) with former countries, or with countries that no longer share a common border with Poland:

Current[edit]

with Ukraine

  1. Medyka
  2. Korczowa
  3. Hrebenne
  4. Dorohusk

with Belarus

  1. Terespol
  2. Kukuryki
  3. Kuźnica Białostocka

with Russia (Kaliningrad)

  1. Bezledy
  2. Grzechotki

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "WARUNKI NATURALNE I OCHRONA ŚRODOWISKA (ENVIRONMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION)". MAŁY ROCZNIK STATYSTYCZNY POLSKI 2013 (CONCISE STATISTICAL YEARBOOK OF POLAND 2013) (in Polish, English). GŁÓWNY URZĄD STATYSTYCZNY. 2013. p. 26. ISSN 1640-3630. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i (Polish) Informacje o Polsce - informacje ogólne (archive.org). Page gives Polish PWN Encyklopedia as reference.
  3. ^ Ustawa z dnia 29 czerwca 2007 r. o zmianie ustawy o ochronie granicy państwowej oraz ustawy o zmianie ustawy o Straży Granicznej oraz niektórych innych ustaw. Dziennik Ustaw, 2007, numer 140. pozycja 982