Polish hip hop
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The Polish hip hop scene was born in the early 1990s, due to the popularity of American rap. Nevertheless, rap style in Polish music has its deep roots in the 1980s Polish punkrock, alternative rock, disco and funk music.
The first album by a Polish performer was "East on the Mic" by PM Cool Lee, which featured two songs in Polish. Lee was from Kielce, but Warsaw soon emerged as a center for hip hop, after KOLOR, a radio station, began broadcasting Kolor Shock, hosted by Bogna Świątkowska, Paul Jackson, an African American expatriate, Sylvia Opoku from London, and DJ Volt, whose crew, 1kHz, became performing stars in their own right in 1995. Volt also founded the first Polish independent hip hop label, Beat Records. Though the label didn't last long, it did introduce groups like Trzyha and Molesta. In Poznań, PH Kopalnia's Polski Rap - Zakazane Piosenki (Polish rap - Forbidden Songs). Now known as Liroy, the former PM Cool Lee released Albóóm in 1995, which included the hit "Scyzoryk"(Penknife).
The most recognizable polish hip hop band abroad is probably WWO, which is no longer active since 2006. Sokół (who is also the owner of the Prosto Labeil and the Prosto Wear company) since then recorded 3 albums with Pono and 1 with Marysia Starosta (who is also Sokół's fiancee). Jędker abandoned the Polish rap scene to make dance music with Robert M as Monopol (for which he is mocked and disrespected by the present Polish rap scene and most of the listeners) and DJ Deszczu Strugi is an owner of Otra Barwa Studio.
Nowadays there are many subgenres of hip-hop present on the Polish scene, most notably horrorcore (Słoń with Shellerini as Wyższa Szkoła Robienia Hałasu, Pih, Miuosh), G-funk (Ten Typ Mes with 2cztery7, Beat Squad, Pelson of Molesta on his solo albums), grime (Bosski Roman and Popek of Firma), jazz rap (some of O.S.T.R.'s albums), newschool (Paluch, Aifam), pop rap (Mezo, 18L, Liber, Verba), rapcore (Kazik), ragga (AbraDab), crunk (Połnocny Toruń Projekt), bounce (Tede) or gangsta/"street" rap Razem Ponad Kilo, Fabuła, Dixon 37, Hemp Gru, Chada, Sobota, Peja - especially his earliest recordings), some of the artists also mix the genres (Słoń had hardcore punk and metal vocalists as guests on his solo albums and mixtapes with Shellerini, NON Koneksja mixes reggaeton with gangsta rap, Firma has reggae and grime influences but is mostly a gangsta/street rap group). The majority of Polish rappers, both on the mainstream and underground scenes, use trueschool rap, which resembles the East Coast sound with reflective lyrics about life and other important personal subjects (however in the underground the reflective subjects are often abandoned and replaced with emphasis on the advanced techniques of writing lyrics and rapping, such as multiple rhymes and various puns - this style is represented by Dinal, consisting of Pan Wankz, Mejdej and Urbek, Okoliczny Element, which consists of Mejdej, Ninjah and Szufla, and solo rappers such as Smarki Smark, Zkibwoy, LaikIke1). Representants of trueschool rap are Sokół, Juras, Koras, Mor W.A., Włodi, Pono, HiFi Banda, Eldo, Pezet, Grammatik.
Polish hip-hop artists are well-known performers across Europe, especially in the Eastern Bloc. Many rappers from Poland are collaborating with artists from Europe, the USA and even Cuba.
- Powers, Ann (2012-03-19). "With Grit And Polish, Hip-Hop Comes Of Age At SXSW : The Record". NPR. Retrieved 2014-02-25.
- "VNM Heats Up The Interweb With Polish Hip Hop". Mtv Iggy. 2011-01-20. Retrieved 2014-02-25.
- "Polish Rap | All media content | DW.DE | 28.12.2012". DW.DE. 2012-05-24. Retrieved 2014-02-25.