Politarch (Greek: πολιτάρχης) was a Hellenistic and Roman-era Macedonian title for an elected governor (archon) of a city (polis). The term had been already attested in the Acts of the Apostles (17:6,8) concerning Thessalonica, as well in modern archaeology. The institution is called Politarchate and Ptoliarchos appears in a poetic epigram. The first evidence of the title is dated to the reign of Perseus  in Amphipolis, where the king with two politarchs honoured Artemis Tauropolos after a Thracian campaign.
The title was also used for the local commissioners of the Greek provisional government during the Greek War of Independence.
- The Book of Acts in Its Graeco-Roman Setting Pages 420-430 By David W. J. Gill, Conrad Gempf ISBN 0-8028-4847-8
- The Macedonian Politarchs in jstor.org
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