Politburo of the Polish United Workers' Party

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The Politburo (abbreviation for Political Bureau) of the Polish United Workers (Communist) Party (PUWP; Polish: Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza, PZPR) was the chief executive body of the ruling Polish Communist apparatus between 1948–1989. Nearly all key figures of the regime had membership in the Politburo. The Politburo of the PUWP typically had between 9-15 full members at any one time. Usually, several alternate (or candidate) members were also elected to the Politburo, but unlike full members, alternate members did not possess full voting rights.

The predecessor of the PUWP, was the Polish Workers Party (Polish: Polska Partia Robotnicza). In 1948, it merged with the Polish Socialist Party to form the PUWP. A chronological list of Politburo membership is provided below.

Politburo of Polish Workers Party 1944–1948[edit]

Date Member From To
August 1944 - December 1945 Władysław Gomułka August 1944
Bolesław Bierut August 1944
Jakub Berman August 1944
Hilary Minc August 1944
Aleksander Zawadzki August 1944
Marian Spychalski May 1945
Roman Zambrowski August 1945
1st Party Congress

6–13 December 1945

Władysław Gomułka 12 December 1945 3 September 1948
Bolesław Bierut 12 December 1945
Jakub Berman 12 December 1945
Hilary Minc 12 December 1945
Aleksander Zawadzki 12 December 1945
Marian Spychalski 12 December 1945
Roman Zambrowski 12 December 1945
Stanisław Radkiewicz 12 December 1945
Franciszek Jóźwiak 3 September 1948

Politburo of Polish United Workers Party 1948-1990[edit]

Date Member from -- to
1st Party Congress

15-22 December 1948

Bolesław Bierut 21 December 1948
Jakub Berman 21 December 1948
Hilary Minc 21 December 1948
Aleksander Zawadzki 21 December 1948
Marian Spychalski 21 December 1948 -- 1949
Roman Zambrowski 21 December 1948
Franciszek Jóźwiak 21 December 1948
Józef Cyrankiewicz 21 December 1948
Stanisław Radkiewicz 21 December 1948
Adam Rapacki 21 December 1948 -- 17 March 1954
Henryk Świątkowski 21 December 1948 -- 17 March 1954
2nd Party Congress

10-17 March 1954

Bolesław Bierut 17 March 1954 -- 12 March 1956
Jakub Berman 17 March 1954 -- 4 May 1956
Hilary Minc 17 March 1954 -- 10 October 1956
Aleksander Zawadzki 17 March 1954
Roman Zambrowski 17 March 1954
Franciszek Jóźwiak 17 March 1954 -- 21 October 1956
Józef Cyrankiewicz 17 March 1954
Stanisław Radkiewicz 17 March 1954 -- 19 April 1956
Edward Ochab 17 March 1954
Konstantin Rokossovsky 17 March 1954 -- 21 October 1956
Zenon Nowak 17 March 1954 -- 21 October 1956
Franciszek Mazur 17 March 1954 -- 21 October 1956
Władysław Dworakowski 17 March 1954 -- 21 October 1956
Adam Rapacki 28 July 1956
Edward Gierek 28 July 1956 -- 21 October 1956
Roman Nowak 28 July 1956 -- 21 October 1956
Adam Rapacki (A) 17 March 1954 -- 28 July 1956
Hilary Chełchowski (A) 17 March 1954 -- 21 October 1956
Politburo line-up

from 21 October 1956

Władysław Gomułka 21 October 1956
Aleksander Zawadzki 21 October 1956
Roman Zambrowski 21 October 1956
Józef Cyrankiewicz 21 October 1956
Edward Ochab 21 October 1956
Adam Rapacki 21 October 1956
Stefan Jędrychowski 21 October 1956
Ignacy Loga-Sowiński 21 October 1956
Jerzy Morawski 21 October 1956
3rd Party Congress

10-19 March 1959

Władysław Gomułka 19 March 1959
Aleksander Zawadzki 19 March 1959
Roman Zambrowski 19 March 1959 -- July 1963
Józef Cyrankiewicz 19 March 1959
Edward Ochab 19 March 1959
Adam Rapacki 19 March 1959
Stefan Jędrychowski 19 March 1959
Ignacy Loga-Sowiński 19 March 1959
Jerzy Morawski 19 March 1959 -- October 1959
Edward Gierek 19 March 1959
Marian Spychalski 19 March 1959
Zenon Kliszko 19 March 1959
4th Party Congress

15-20 June 1964

Władysław Gomułka 20 July 1964
Aleksander Zawadzki 20 July 1964 -- 7 August 1964
Józef Cyrankiewicz 20 July 1964
Edward Ochab 20 July 1964 -- 9 July 1968
Adam Rapacki 20 July 1964 -- 16 November 1968
Stefan Jędrychowski 20 July 1964
Ignacy Loga-Sowinski 20 July 1964
Edward Gierek 20 July 1964
Marian Spychalski 20 July 1964
Zenon Kliszko 20 July 1964
Eugeniusz Szyr 20 July 1964 -- 16 November 1968
Franciszek Waniołka 20 July 1964 -- 16 November 1968
Ryszard Strzelecki 21 November 1964
Bolesław Jaszczuk 9 July 1968
Ryszard Strzelecki (A) 20 July 1964 -- 21 November 1964
Piotr Jaroszewicz (A) 20 July 1964
Mieczysław Jagielski (A) 20 July 1964
Bolesław Jaszczuk (A) 1964? -- 9 July 1968
5th Party Congress

11-16 November 1968

Władysław Gomułka 16 November 1968 -- 20 December 1970
Józef Cyrankiewicz 16 November 1968
Stefan Jędrychowski 16 November 1968
Ignacy Loga-Sowiński 16 November 1968
Edward Gierek 16 November 1968
Marian Spychalski 16 November 1968 -- 20 December 1970
Zenon Kliszko 16 November 1968 -- 20 December 1970
Ryszard Strzelecki 16 November 1968 -- 20 December 1970
Bolesław Jaszczuk 16 November 1968 -- 20 December 1970
Stanisław Kociołek 16 November 1968
Wladysław Kruczek 16 November 1968
Jozef Tejchma 16 November 1968
Piotr Jaroszewicz (A) 16 November 1968 -- 20 December 1970
Mieczysław Jagielski (A) 16 November 1968
Mieczysław Moczar (A) 16 November 1968 -- 20 December 1970
Jan Szydlak (A) 16 November 1968 -- 20 December 1970
Politburo line-up

from 20 December 1970

Edward Gierek 20 December 1970
Józef Cyrankiewicz 20 December 1970 -- 11 December 1971
Stefan Jędrychowski 20 December 1970 -- 11 December 1971
Ignacy Loga-Sowiński 20 December 1970 -- 7 February 1971
Stanisław Kociołek 20 December 1970 -- 7 February 1971
Władysław Kruczek 20 December 1970
Józef Tejchma 20 December 1970
Piotr Jaroszewicz 20 December 1970
Mieczysław Moczar 20 December 1970 -- 11 December 1971
Jan Szydlak 20 December 1970
Edward Babiuch 20 December 1970
Stefan Olszowski 20 December 1970
Mieczysław Jagielski (A) 20 December 1970 -- 11 December 1971
Wojciech Jaruzelski (A) 20 December 1970 -- 11 December 1971
Henryk Jabłoński (A) 20 December 1970 -- 11 December 1971
Józef Kępa (A) 20 December 1970
6th Party Congress

6-11 December 1971

Edward Gierek 11 December 1971
Władysław Kruczek 11 December 1971
Józef Tejchma 11 December 1971
Piotr Jaroszewicz 11 December 1971
Jan Szydlak 11 December 1971
Edward Babiuch 11 December 1971
Stefan Olszowski 11 December 1971
Mieczysław Jagielski 11 December 1971
Wojciech Jaruzelski 11 December 1971
Henryk Jabłoński 11 December 1971
Franciszek Szlachcic 11 December 1971 -- 12 December 1975
Józef Kępa (A) 11 December 1971 -- 12 December 1975
Stanisław Kania (A) 11 December 1971 -- 12 December 1975
Zdzisław Grudzień (A) 11 December 1971 -- 12 December 1975
Kazimierz Barcikowski (A) 11 December 1971
Stanisław Kowalczyk (A) April 1973 -- 12 December 1975
7th Party Congress

8-12 December 1975

Edward Gierek 12 December 1975
Wladysław Kruczek 12 December 1975
Józef Tejchma 12 December 1975 -- 15 February 1980
Piotr Jaroszewicz 12 December 1975 -- 15 February 1980
Jan Szydlak 12 December 1975
Edward Babiuch 12 December 1975
Stefan Olszowski 12 December 1975 -- 15 February 1980
Mieczysław Jagielski 12 December 1975
Wojciech Jaruzelski 12 December 1975
Henryk Jabłoński 12 December 1975
Józef Kępa 12 December 1975 -- 15 February 1980
Stanisław Kania 12 December 1975
Zdzisław Grudzień 12 December 1975
Stanisław Kowalczyk 12 December 1975
Kazimierz Barcikowski (A) 12 December 1975
Tadeusz Wrzaszczyk (A) 12 December 1975
Jerzy Łukaszewicz (A) 12 December 1975
8th Party Congress

11-15 February 1980

Edward Gierek 15 February 1980 -- 6 September 1980
Władysław Kruczek 15 February 1980 -- 2 December 1980
Jan Szydlak 15 February 1980 -- 24 August 1980
Edward Babiuch 15 February 1980 -- 24 August 1980
Mieczysław Jagielski 15 February 1980 -- 19 July 1981
Wojciech Jaruzelski 15 February 1980
Henryk Jabłoński 15 February 1980 -- 19 July 1981
Stanisław Kania 15 February 1980
Zdzisław Grudzień 15 February 1980 -- 6 October 1980
Stanisław Kowalczyk 15 February 1980 -- 2 December 1980
Tadeusz Wrzaszczyk 15 February 1980 -- 24 August 1980
Jerzy Łukaszewicz 15 February 1980 -- 24 August 1980
Aloizy Karkoszka 15 February 1980 -- 19 November 1980
Andrzej Werblan 15 February 1980 -- 2 December 1980
Stefan Olszowski 24 August 1980
Józef Pińkowski 24 August 1980 -- 30, April 1981
Kazimierz Barcikowski 6 September 1980
Andrzej Żabiński 6 September 1980 -- 19 July 1981
Mieczysław Moczar 2 December 1980 -- 19 July 1981
Tadeusz Grabski 2 December 1980 -- 19 July 1981
Gerard Gabryś 30 April 1981 -- 19 July 1981
Zygmunt Wroński 30 April 1981 -- 19 July 1981
Kazimierz Barcikowski (A) 15 February 1980 -- 6 September 1980
Józef Pińkowski (A) 15 February 1980 -- 24 August 1980
Zdzislaw Żandarowski (A) 15 February 1980 -- 24 August 1980
Tadeusz Pyka (A) 15 February 1980 -- 24 August 1980
Emil Wojtaszek (A) 15 February 1980 -- 30, April 1981
Andrzej Żabiński (A) 24 August 1980 -- 6 September 1980
Jerzy Waszczuk (A) 24 August 1980 -- 19 July 1981
Władysław Kruk (A) 6 October 1980 -- 19 July 1981
Roman Ney (A) 6 October 1980 -- 19 July 1981
Tadeusz Fiszbach (A) 2 December 1980 -- 19 July 1981
Józef Masny (A) 30 April 1981 -- 19 July 1981
9th Party Congress

14-20 July 1981

Stanisław Kania 19 July 1981 -- Oct 1981
Wojciech Jaruzelski 19 July 1981
Stefan Olszowski 19 July 1981 -- 11 November 1985
Kazimierz Barcikowski 19 July 1981
Zbigniew Messner 19 July 1981
Tadeusz Czechowicz 19 July 1981 -- 3 July 1986
Józef Czyrek 19 July 1981
Zofia Grzyb 19 July 1981 -- 3 July 1986
Hieromin Kubiak 19 July 1981 -- 3 July 1986
Jan Labecki 19 July 1981 -- 16 July 1982
Mirosław Milewski 19 July 1981 -- 14 May 1985
Stanisław Opałko 19 July 1981 -- 3 July 1986
Tadeusz Porębski 19 July 1981
Jerzy Romanik 19 July 1981 -- 3 July 1986
Albin Siwak 19 July 1981 -- 3 July 1986
Marian Woźniak 16 July 1982
Stanisław Kalkus 16 July 1982 -- 3 July 1986
Jan Głowczyk (A) 19 July 1981 -- 3 July 1986
Włodzimierz Mokrzyszczak (A) 19 July 1981 -- 3 July 1986
Florian Siwicki (A) 28 October 1981 -- 3 July 1986
Marian Woźniak (A) 25 February 1982 -- 16 July 1982
Czesław Kiszczak (A) 25 February 1982 -- 3 July 1986
Stanisław Bejger (A) 16 July 1982
Marian Orzechowski (A) 15 October 1983 -- 3 July 1986
10th Party Congress

29 - 3 July 1986

Wojciech Jaruzelski 3 July 1986 -- 29 July 1989
Kazimierz Barcikowski 3 July 1986 -- 29 July 1989
Zbigniew Messner 3 July 1986 -- 21 December 1988
Józef Czyrek 3 July 1986 -- 29 July 1989
Tadeusz Porebski 3 July 1986 -- 21 December 1988
Marian Woźniak 3 July 1986 -- 14 July 1988
Jan Głowczyk 3 July 1986 -- 21 December 1988
Włodzimierz Mokrzyszczak 3 July 1986 -- 14 July 1988
Florian Siwicki 3 July 1986
Czesław Kiszczak 3 July 1986
Marian Orzechowski 3 July 1986
Józef Baryła 3 July 1986 -- 21 December 1988
Zofia Stepień 3 July 1986 -- 21 December 1988
Zygmunt Murański 3 July 1986 -- 21 December 1988
Alfred Miodowicz 3 July 1986 -- 29 July 1989
Mieczysław Rakowski 15 December 1987
Władysław Baka 14 July 1988
Kazimierz Cypryniak 21 December 1988
Iwona Lubowska 21 December 1988
Wiktor Pyrkosz 21 December 1988
Janusz Reykowski 21 December 1988
Zdzisław Świątek 21 December 1988
Stanisław Ciosek 21 December 1988 -- 29 July 1989
Zbigniew Michalek 21 December 1988
Gabriela Rembisz 21 December 1988
Stanisław Bejger (A) 3 July 1986 -- 14 July 1988
Bogumił Ferensztajn (A) 3 July 1986 -- 15 December 1987
Zbigniew Michałek (A) 3 July 1986 -- 21 December 1988
Gabriela Rembisz (A) 3 July 1986 -- 21 December 1988
Janusz Kubasiewicz (A) 3 July 1986 -- 29 July 1989
Manfred Gorywoda (A) 15 December 1987 -- 29 July 1989
Stanisław Ciosek (A) 14 July 1988 -- 21 December 1988
Zdzisław Balicki (A) 21 December 1988
Marek Holdakowski (A) 21 December 1988
Zbigniew Sobotka (A) 21 December 1988
Politburo line-up

from 29 July 1989

Mieczysław Rakowski 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990
Florian Siwicki 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990
Czesław Kiszczak 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990
Marian Orzechowski 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990
Władyslaw Baka 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990
Kazimierz Cypryniak 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990
Iwona Lubowska 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990
Wiktor Pyrkosz 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990
Janusz Reykowski 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990
Zdzislaw Świątek 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990
Zbigniew Michałek 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990
Gabriela Rembisz 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990
Janusz Kubasiewicz 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990
Manfred Gorywoda 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990
Leszek Miller 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990
Zdzisław Balicki (A) 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990
Marek Hołdakowski (A) 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990
Zbigniew Sobotka (A) 29 July 1989 -- 29 January 1990

(A) = Alternate (Candidate) Member