Central Politics and Law Commission of the Communist Party of China
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Chinese Wikipedia. (July 2014)|
Zhōnggòng Zhōngyāng Zhèngfǎ Wěiyuánhuì
|Jurisdiction||People's Republic of China|
|Agency executive||Meng Jianzhu, Secretary|
|Parent agency||Communist Party of China Central Committee|
The Central Politics and Law Commission of the Communist Party of China (simplified Chinese: 中共中央政法委员会; traditional Chinese: 中共中央政法委員會; pinyin: Zhōnggòng Zhōngyāng Zhèngfǎ Wěiyuánhuì) is the organization under the CPC Central Committee responsible for political and legal affairs. In practice the organization oversees all legal enforcement authorities, including the police force, making it a very powerful organ.
All the Party committees of provinces, municipalities, counties and autonomous regions establish respective politics and law commissions.
The Commission is headed by a secretary who is usually a Central Politburo member.
The Commission was preceded by a Politics and Law Leading Group (政法领导小组; Zhèngfǎ Lǐngdǎo Xiǎozǔ) which was set up in 1958, with Peng Zhen as its leader. During the Cultural Revolution it was led by Ji Dengkui, who served as group leader until 24 January 1980, when the Commission was established, with Peng Zhen back as its secretary. The Commission was reverted to Leading Group from May 1988 to March 1990.
After the 18th Party Congress in 2012, Meng Jianzhu replaced Zhou Yongkang as the head of the commission. However, Meng, unlike Zhou, was not elected to the 18th Politburo Standing Committee. The apparent downgrading of the post followed Zhou's connection with the Wang Lijun incident, which has discredited Chongqing politician Bo Xilai's method of using the internal security apparatus for political ends. As a result, the independence of the judiciary in China has increased.
List of heads
Central Political and Law Group
Central Politics and Law Commission
- Peng Zhen (1980–1982)
- Chen Pixian (1982–1985)
- Qiao Shi (1985–1992)
- Ren Jianxin (1992–1998)
- Luo Gan (1998–2007)
- Zhou Yongkang (2007–2012)
- Meng Jianzhu (2012-incumbent)
- "China leaders reassert control over security portfolio". BBC News. 2012-11-21. Retrieved 2012-11-21.
- Page, Jeremy (2012-11-20). "China Reins In New Security Boss's Clout". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2012-11-21.