Political censorship exists when a government attempts to conceal, fake, distort, or falsify information that its citizens receive by suppressing or crowding out political news that the public might receive through news outlets. In the absence of unflattering but objective information, people will be unable to dissent with the government or political party in charge. It is also the suppression of views that are contrary to those of the government in power. The government often has the power of the army and the secret police, to enforce the compliance of journalists with the will of the government to extol the story that the government wants people to believe, at times even with bribery, ruin of careers, imprisonment, and even assassination.
Journalist prison census 
Political censorship in practice 
Many regimes have long used many forms of censorship. The Ancien régime implemented censorship. The bourgeoisie has used it as well many times while in power throughout the 19th and the 20th centuries.
In 1851, Napoleon III declared himself emperor. The bourgoisie immediately saw in him a way to protect their privileges, that were put in danger by the French Revolution of 1848, which threatened to give the power to the people. This was a time when all sorts of cultural production was censored, from newspapers to theater.
Independent journalism did not exist in the Soviet Union until Mikhail Gorbachev became its leader; all reporting was directed by the Communist Party. Pravda, the predominant newspaper in the Soviet Union, had a near-monopoly. Foreign newspapers were available only if they were published by Communist Parties sympathetic to the Soviet Union.
Censorship also takes place in capitalist nations. In 1973, a military coup took power in Uruguay, and the State practiced censorship. For example, writer Eduardo Galeano was imprisoned and later was forced to flee. His book Open Veins of Latin America was banned by the right-wing military government, not only in Uruguay, but also in Chile and Argentina.
Many countries' campaign finance laws restrict speech on candidates and political issues. In Citizens United v. FEC, the United States Supreme Court found that many such restrictions are an unconstitutional form of censorship.
- "CPJ's 2008 prison census: Online and in jail".
- The Commissar vanishes (The Newseum)
- COSTA, Iná Camargo (2001) Political Theater in Brazil. Trans/Form/Ação [online], vol.24, n.1 [cited 2011-12-25], pp. 113-120. Available in: link. ISSN 0101-3173. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-31732001000100008.
- "10 most censored countries". The Committee to Protect Journalists.