Political party strength in Arkansas

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The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Arkansas:

The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:

For years in which a United States presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.

The parties are as follows:       American Independent (AI),       Democratic (D),       Green (G),       Independent (I),       no party (N),       Republican (R),       Whig (W), and       a tie or coalition within a group of elected officials.

Year Executive offices General Assembly United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lieutenant Governor Sec. of State Attorney General Auditor Treasurer Land Comm. State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House
1819 Robert Crittenden (N)[1] no such office Robert Crittenden[2] no such office James Scull not an elected office no such offices pre-statehood
James Miller (N)[3]
1820
1821
1822
1823
1824
Robert Crittenden (N)[4]
1825
George Izard (N)[5][6]
1826
1827
1828
vacant[7]
1829
John Pope (N)[8]
1830
1831
1832
1833 S. M. Rutherford
1834
1835
William S. Fulton (N)[9]
1836
James Sevier Conway (D) W. E. Woodruff William S. Fulton (D) Ambrose H. Sevier (D) 1D[10] Martin Van Buren and Richard M. Johnson (D) Green tickY
1837
1838 John Hutt
1839
1840 Martin Van Buren (D) Red XN
1841 Archibald Yell (D)[11]
1842
1843 Robert Ward Johnson (D) J. C. Martin
1844
Samuel Adams (D)[12] Chester Ashley (D) James K. Polk and George M. Dallas (D) Green tickY
1845 Thomas Stevenson Drew (D)[13] Samuel Adams (D)
1846
1847 1W
1D
1848 George C. Watkins William K. Sebastian (D) Solon Borland (D) Lewis Cass and William O. Butler (D) Red XN
1849
Richard C. Byrd (D)[14] William Adams[15]
John Selden Roane (D)[16] John H. Crease
1850
1851 John J. Clendenin
1852 Franklin Pierce and William R. King (D) Green tickY
1853 Elias Nelson Conway (D) vacant 2D[17]
Robert Ward Johnson (D)
1854
1855 A. H. Rutherford
1856 Thomas Johnson James Buchanon and John C. Breckinridge (D) Green tickY
1857 John H. Crease
1858 J.L. Hollowell
1859 John Quindley
1860 Jared C. Martin John C. Breckinridge and Joseph Lane (D) Red XN
1861 Henry Massey Rector (D)[18] P. Jordan Oliver Basham Charles B. Mitchel (D)
Civil War and Reconstruction
1862 Sam W. Williams
1863 Harris Flanagin (D)[19][20]
1864 C.T. Jordan
Isaac Murphy (R) Calvin C. Bliss (R)[21] E. D. Ayers no electoral votes
1865 R.S. Gantt
1866 R.H. Deadman L. B. Cunningham
1867 Henry Page
1868 James M. Johnson (R)[22] J.R. Montgomery
Powell Clayton (R)[23] Alexander McDonald (R) Benjamin F. Rice (R) 3R[24] Ulysses S. Grant and Schuyler Colfax (R) Green tickY
1869 2R, 1D
1870
1871
Ozra Amander Hadley (R)[25] vacant James M. Johnson (R) Powell Clayton (R)
1872 Ulysses S. Grant and Henry Wilson (R) Green tickY
1873 Elisha Baxter (R)[26][27] Volney V. Smith (R) T.D.W. Yonley Stephen Wallace Dorsey (R) 3R
1874 J.L. Witherspoon R. E. Newton D
Augustus Hill Garland (D) no such office[28] Simon Pollard Hughes, Jr. (D) Thomas James Churchill (D) 2R, 1D
1875 4D[29]
1876 Samuel J. Tilden and Thomas A. Hendricks (D) Red XN
1877 William Read Miller (D) W.F. Henderson Augustus Hill Garland (D)
1878
1879 James D. Walker (D)
1880 Winfield Scott Hancock and William Hayden English (D) Red XN
1881 Thomas James Churchill (D) Charles B. Moore W. E. Woodruff, Jr.
1882
1883 James Henderson Berry (D)
1884 Grover Cleveland and Thomas A. Hendricks (D) Green tickY
1885 Simon Pollard Hughes, Jr. (D) D.W. Jones James Henderson Berry (D) James Kimbrough Jones (D) 5D[30]
1886
1887
1888 Grover Cleveland and Allen G. Thurman (D) Red XN
1889 James Philip Eagle (D) W.E. Atkinson
1890 4D, 1Lbr
1891 R. B. Morrow 5D
1892 Grover Cleveland and Adlai E. Stevenson (D) Green tickY
1893 William Meade Fishback (D) James Paul Clarke (D) 6D[31]
1894
1895 James Paul Clarke (D) E.B. Kinsworthy Ransom Gulley
1896 William Jennings Bryan and Arthur Sewall (D) Red XN
1897 Daniel Webster Jones (D)
1898
1899 Jeff Davis (D) T. E. Little
1900 Williams Jennings Bryan and Adlei E. Stevenson (D) Red XN
1901 Jeff Davis (D) George W. Murphy H. C. Tipton
1902
1903 James Paul Clarke (D) 7D[32]
1904 Alton B. Parker and Henry G. Davis (D) Red XN
1905 Robert L. Rogers
1906
1907 John Sebastian Little (D)[33] William F. Kirby (D) James L. Yates
John Isaac Moore (D)[34] Jeff Davis (D)
Xenophon Overton Pindall (D)[35]
1908 William Jennings Bryan and John W. Kern (D) Red XN
1909 Jesse M. Martin (D)[36] Hal L. Norwood
George Washington Donaghey (D)
1910
1911 John Crockett
1912 Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D) Green tickY
1913 Joseph Taylor Robinson (D)[23] vacant William L. Moose John N. Heiskell (D)
William Marmaduke Kavanaugh (D)
William Kavanaugh Oldham (D)[37] Joseph Taylor Robinson (D)
Junius Marion Futrell (D)[38]
George Washington Hays (D)[39]
1914
1915 Wallace Davis R. G. McDaniel
1916
1917 Charles Hillman Brough (D) John D. Arbuckle William F. Kirby (D)
1918
1919 Joe Ferguson
1920 James M. Cox and Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) Red XN
1921 Thomas Chipman McRae (D) J.S. Utley Thaddeus H. Caraway (D)
1922
1923
1924 John W. Davis and Charles W. Bryan (D) Red XN
1925 Tom Jefferson Terral (D) W.H. Applegate Sam Sloan
1926 Dwight Blackwood
1927 John Ellis Martineau (D)[40] Harvey Parnell (D) Ralph Koonce
1928 Al Smith and Joseph Taylor Robinson (D) Red XN
Harvey Parnell (D)[41] William Lee Cazort (D)
1929 Hal L. Norwood
1930
1931 Lawrence Elery Wilson (D) Roy V. Leonard
1932 Hattie Caraway (D) Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner (D) Green tickY
1933 Junius Marion Futrell (D) William Lee Cazort (D)
1934 Walter L. Pope
1935 Carl Edward Bailey (D) Earl Page (D)
1936
1937 Carl Edward Bailey (D) Robert L. Bailey (D) C. G. "Crip" Hall (D) Jack Holt (D) Oscar Humphrey (D) Otis Page (D)
vacant
1938 John E. Miller
1939
1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D) Green tickY
1941 Homer Martin Adkins (D) George L. Spencer (D)
1942
1943 James L. Shaver (D) Guy E. Williams (D) Bish Bentley (D) John L. McClellan (D)[6]
1944 Claude Rankin (D) Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (D) Green tickY
1945 Benjamin Travis Laney (D) Vance Clayton (D) J. William Fulbright (D)
1946
1947 Nathan Green Gordon (D)
1948 Harry S. Truman and Alben W. Barkley (D) Green tickY
1949 Sid McMath (D) Ike Murray (D)
1950
1951
1952 Adlai Stevenson and John Sparkman (D) Red XN
1953 Francis Cherry (D) Tom Gentry (D) 6D[42]
1954
1955 Orval Faubus (D) James Herbert Jones (D)
1956 Nolan Humphrey (D) Adlai Stevenson and Estes Kefauver (D) Red XN
1957 Bruce Bennett (D) James Herbert Jones (D)[43] Sam Jones (D)
1958
1959
1960 John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson (D) Green tickY
1961 Nancy J. Hall (D) J. Frank Holt (D) Lee Clayton (D)
1962 Jack Holt, Jr. (D)
1963 Kelly Bryant (D)[6] Bruce Bennett (D) Nancy J. Hall (D) 4D[44]
1964 Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (D) Green tickY
1965
1966
1967 Winthrop Rockefeller (R) Maurice Britt (R) Joe Purcell (D) 35D 97D, 3R 3D, 1R
1968 George Wallace and Curtis LeMay (AI) Red XN
1969 34D, 1R
1970
1971 Dale Bumpers (D)[23] Bob C. Riley (D) Ray Thornton (D) 99D, 1R
1972 Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R) Green tickY
1973 Jim Guy Tucker (D)
1974
1975 Bob C. Riley (D)[45] vacant Dale Bumpers (D)
David Pryor (D)[23] Joe Purcell (D) George Jernigan (D)
1976 Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D) Green tickY
1977 Winston Bryant (D) Bill Clinton (D)[46]
1978 Kaneaster Hodges, Jr. (D)
1979 Joe Purcell (D)[45] vacant Paul Riviere (D) Steve Clark (D) David Pryor (D) 2D, 2R
Bill Clinton (D) Joe Purcell (D) Jimmie Lou Fisher (D)[43]
1980 Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush (R) Green tickY
1981 Frank D. White (R) Winston Bryant (D) Julia Hughes Jones (D) Jimmie Lou Fisher (D) Bill McCuen (D)
1982
1983 Bill Clinton (D)[47][48]
1984
1985 Bill McCuen (D) Charlie Daniels (D) 3D, 1R
1986
1987
1988 George H. W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R) Green tickY
1989
2D, 2R
1990
Ron Fields (D)
1991 Jim Guy Tucker (D) Mary Stallcup (D) 3D, 1R
Winston Bryant (D)
1992 Jim Guy Tucker (D)[41][49] Mike Huckabee (R) Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D) Green tickY
1993 Gus Wingfield (D) 2D, 2R
1994
1995 Sharon Priest (D)
1996
Mike Huckabee (R)[41] Winthrop Paul Rockefeller (R)[50]
1997 Tim Hutchinson (R)
1998
1999 Mark Pryor (D) Blanche Lincoln (D)
2000 George W. Bush and Dick Cheney (R) Green tickY
2001 3D, 1R
2002
2003 Charlie Daniels (D) Mike Beebe (D) Jim Wood (D) Gus Wingfield (D) Mark Wilcox (D) Mark Pryor (D)
2004
2005
2006
2007 Mike Beebe (D) Bill Halter (D) Dustin McDaniel (D) Martha Shoffner (D)
2008 27D, 8R 75D, 25R John McCain and Sarah Palin (R) Red XN
2009 71D, 28R, 1G
2010 72D, 28R[51]
2011 Mark Darr (R)[52] Mark Martin (R) Charlie Daniels (D) John Thurston (R) 20D, 15R 54D, 46R John Boozman (R) 3R, 1D
2012 Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan Red XN
2013 Martha Shoffner (D) 21R, 14D 51R, 48D, 1G 4R
Charles Robinson[53]
2014 vacant 22R, 13D
Year Governor Lieutenant Governor Sec. of State Attorney General Auditor Treasurer Land Comm. State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices General Assembly United States Congress

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Acting territorial governor. As secretary of Arkansas Territory from 1819 to 1829, Crittenden served as acting governor whenever the appointed governor was not in the state. This meant he was in fact the first person to be governor of the territory, since James Miller did not arrive in the territory until nine months after his appointment.
  2. ^ Secretary of Arkansas Territory.
  3. ^ President James Monroe appointed Miller territorial governor on March 3, 1819, the same date the bill organizing Arkansaw Territory was signed. However, to avoid the hot southern summer, he delayed his departure from New Hampshire until September and took a non-direct route, finally arriving in the territory on December 26, 1819. Resigned citing poor health. At the time of his resignation, he had been absent from the territory for 18 months.
  4. ^ Territorial Governor George Izard did not arrive in Arkansas Territory until May 31, 1825; Crittenden, Secretary of the territory, acted as governor in his stead, though Crittenden himself was out of the territory when Izard arrived.
  5. ^ Territorial governor appointed by Presidents James Monroe and John Quincy Adams.
  6. ^ a b c Died in office.
  7. ^ The office was vacant from November 22, 1828, until March 9, 1829. By the time notice of Izard's death reached Washington, D.C., Andrew Jackson had been elected president, and the U.S. Senate refused to approve Adams' choice for governor, preferring to wait until Jackson took office.
  8. ^ Territorial governor appointed by Jackson.
  9. ^ Territorial governor appointed by Jackson. Served as governor until statehood, when he was elected to the United States Senate.
  10. ^ At-large seat.
  11. ^ Resigned to run for the United States House of Representatives, winning the election.
  12. ^ As president of the Senate, acted as governor for unexpired term.
  13. ^ Resigned due to the low salary he received as governor.
  14. ^ As president of the state Senate, acted as governor until special election.
  15. ^ Jones, Daniel Webster, ed. (1904). "Chapter 3: Arkansas in Ante-Bellum Days". The Province and the States III. Madison, Wisconsin: Western Historical Association. p. 317. "William Adams was state treasurer January 2, 1849, to January 10, 1849" 
  16. ^ Elected in a special election to fill unexpired term.
  17. ^ Two districts created in 1853.
  18. ^ The 1861 constitution was enacted during Rector's term; while term lengths remained at four years, a new election schedule was created, calling for elections in 1862, two years into his term.
  19. ^ Flanagin fled Little Rock as it fell to Union forces on September 10, 1863, leading a largely inept government in exile in Washington, Arkansas, until 1865. Isaac Murphy was elected provisional governor by a loyalist government set up after Union control of the state was established, taking office on April 18, 1864, causing a slight overlap in terms, though due to the collapse of the Confederate effort in Arkansas, Flanagin had no authority over the state.
  20. ^ The 1864 constitution was enacted during Flanagin's term; however, it was drafted by the Union occupation and had no effect on his government. While term lengths remained at four years, a new election schedule was created, calling for elections in 1864.
  21. ^ The office of lieutenant governor was created in 1864
  22. ^ Resigned to take office as state secretary of state.
  23. ^ a b c d Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.
  24. ^ 3rd District created in 1868 after Reconstruction.
  25. ^ As president pro tempore of the state Senate, acted as governor for unexpired term; the office of lieutenant governor at the time was vacant.
  26. ^ Removed from office for a short time due to the Brooks–Baxter War.
  27. ^ The 1874 state constitution, enacted during Baxter's term, shortened his tenure to two years as new elections were scheduled.
  28. ^ The office of lieutenant governor was abolished in 1874. It was recreated in 1914 but was not filled until 1926. The amendment to the state constitution creating the office was narrowly voted into effect by the electorate in 1914. The Speaker of the House declared that the measure had lost because it did not receive a majority of the highest vote total from that election. In 1925, it was discovered that a 1910 law amended this requirement such that only a majority of the votes on the specific question was required. Therefore, the 1914 initiative was declared to be valid.
  29. ^ 4th District created in 1875.
  30. ^ 5th District created in 1885.
  31. ^ 6th District created in 1893.
  32. ^ 7th District created in 1903.
  33. ^ Resigned after suffering a nervous breakdown soon after taking office.
  34. ^ As president of the state Senate, acted as governor until the legislature adjourned.
  35. ^ As the new president pro tempore of the state Senate, became acting governor until his senate term expired.
  36. ^ As the new president pro tempore of the state Senate, became acting governor for three days until the next elected governor took office.
  37. ^ As president of the state Senate, acted as governor for six days before a new president of the Senate was elected.
  38. ^ As the new president of the state Senate, acted as governor until special election.
  39. ^ Elected in special election to fill unexpired term.
  40. ^ Resigned to become a judge on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas.
  41. ^ a b c As lieutenant governor, acted as governor for unexpired term and was subsequently elected in his own right.
  42. ^ 7th District abolished in 1953.
  43. ^ a b Appointed by Governor to fill vacancy.
  44. ^ 5th and 6th Districts abolished in 1963.
  45. ^ a b As lieutenant governor, acted as governor for unexpired term.
  46. ^ Resigned after election as governor in 1978.
  47. ^ Gubernatorial terms changed from two years to four years during Clinton's term; he was elected for two-year terms in 1982 and 1984, and for four-year terms in 1986 and 1990.
  48. ^ Resigned to become president of the United States.
  49. ^ Resigned after being convicted of mail fraud in the Whitewater scandal.
  50. ^ First elected in special election following Huckabee's elevation to governorship.
  51. ^ Green Richard Carroll switched parties to Democratic.
  52. ^ Resigned February 1, 2014 after being fined for ethics violations. [1]
  53. ^ Waldon, George (May 29, 2013). "Mike Beebe Names Charles Robinson State Treasurer". Arkansas Business. Retrieved June 15, 2013.