Political party strength in Georgia (U.S. state)

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The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Georgia:

The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:

For years in which a presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.

The parties are as follows: Constitutional Union (CU),       Democratic (D),       Democratic-Republican (DR),       Democratic-RepublicanClark faction (DR-C),       Democratic-RepublicanJackson faction (DR-J),       Democratic-RepublicanTroup faction (DR-T),       Federalist (F),       Independent (I),       Military (M),       no party (N),       National Union (NU),       Populist (P),       Republican (R), States Rights (SR), and       Whig (W). Darker shading indicates confirmed partisan affiliation or majority; lighter shading indicates likely, but unconfirmed, partisan affiliation or majority.

Year Executive offices General Assembly Pub. Ser. Comm. United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lt. Governor Sec. of State Atty. Gen. School Supt. Comm. of Ag. Comm. of Ins. Comm. of Labor State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House
1775 William Ewen (N/W)[1][2] no such office[3] no such office no such office
George Walton (N/W)[1][2]
1776 Williams Stephens
William Ewen (N/W)[1][2]
Archibald Bulloch (N/W)[2][4][5]
1777 John Milton (F)
Button Gwinnett (N/W)[2][4][6]
John A. Treutlen (N/W)[2]
1778 John Houstoun (N/W)[2]
1779 William Glascock (N/W)[2][7]
Seth John Cuthbert (N/W)[2][8][9]
John Wereat (N/W)[2][9]
George Walton (N/W)[2]
1780 Richard Howly (N/W)[2] John Milledge
Humphrey Wells (N/W)[2][10]
Stephen Heard (N/W)[2][7]
Myrick Davies (N/W)[2][7]
1781 Samuel Stirk
Nathan Brownson (N)
1782 John Martin (N)
1783 Lyman Hall (N)
1784 John Houstoun (N)
1785 Samuel Elbert (N) Nathaniel Pendleton
1786 Edward Telfair (N)
1787 George Mathews (N) Matthew Hall McAllister
1788 George Handley (N)
1789 George Walton (DR)
1790
1791 Edward Telfair (DR)
1792 George Walker
1793
1794 George Mathews (DR)
1795
1796 Jared Irwin (DR) David Brydie Mitchell
1797
1798 James Jackson (DR-J)[11]
1799 Horatio Marbury
1800
1801
David Emanuel (DR-J)[12]
1802 Josiah Tattnall, Sr. (DR-J)[13]
John Milledge (DR-J)[11]
1803
1804
1805
1806
Jared Irwin (DR-J)[12]
1807 Robert Walker
1808 John Hamil
1809 John Forsyth
1810 David Brydie Mitchell (DR-J)
1811 Abner Hammond Alexander M. Allen
1812 Richard Henry Wilde
1813 Alexander M. Allen
1814 Peter Early (DR-J)
1815
1816 David Brydie Mitchell (DR-J)[14] Roger Lawson Gamble
1817
William Rabun (DR-T)[5][12][15]
1818
1819
Matthew Talbot (DR-C)[12]
1820 John Clark (DR-C)
1821
1822 Thomas F. Wells
1823 Everard Hamilton
1824 George M. Troup (DR-T)
1825
1826
1827 George W. Crawford
1828 John Forsyth (DR-T)
1829
1830 George R. Gilmer (DR-T)
1831 Charles Jones Jenkins (D)
1832 Wilson Lumpkin (U/D)
1833 William A. Tennille
1834 Ebenezer Starnes
1835
1836 William Schley (U/D)
1837
1838 George R. Gilmer (SR/W)
1839
1840 Charles J. McDonald (U/D) James Gardner
1841
1842
1843 Nathan Crawford Barnett (D) John J. R. Flournoy
1844 George W. Crawford (W)
1845
1846
1847 Alpheus Colvard
1848 George W. Towns (D)
1849 George Washington Harrison
1850
1851 Nathan Crawford Barnett (D) John Troup Shewmake (R)
1852 Howell Cobb (CU/D)
1853 Elihu P. Watkins
1854 Herschel V. Johnson (D)
1855 William R. McLaws
1856
1857
1858 Joseph E. Brown (D)[16]
1859 Alpheus M. Rogers
1860
1861 Nathan Crawford Barnett (D) Winder P. Johnson
1862 William Watts Montgomery
1863
1864
1865
James Johnson (D)[17] George Thomas Barnes (D)
1866 Charles J. Jenkins (D)[18] John Philpot Curren Whitehead
1867
1868 Thomas H. Ruger (M)[19]
Rufus B. Bullock (R)[20] David G. Cotting (R) Henry P. Farrow
1869
1870
1871
Benjamin Conley (R)[21]
1872 James Milton Smith (D) N. J. Hammond (D)
1873 Nathan Crawford Barnett (D)[5]
1874
1875
1876
1877 Alfred H. Colquitt (D) Robert N. Ely
1878
1879
1880 Clifford Anderson Joseph E. Brown (D)
1881
1882
1883 Alexander H. Stephens (D)[5] Alfred H. Colquitt (D) 10D
James S. Boynton (D)[21]
Henry D. McDaniel (D)
1884 Grover Cleveland and Thomas A. Hendricks (D) Green tickY
1885
1886
1887 John B. Gordon (D)
1888 Grover Cleveland and Allen G. Thurman (D) Red XN
1889
1890 George N. Lester
Philip Cook, Sr. (D)[5]
1891 William J. Northen (D) W. A. Little D D D D - D - D - John Brown Gordon (D) 9D, 1P
1892 J. M. Terrell D D D D - D - D - Grover Cleveland and Adlai E. Stevenson I (D) Green tickY
1893 D D D D - D - D - 11D
1894 D D D D - D - D - Patrick Walsh (D)
Allen D. Candler (D)
1895 William Yates Atkinson (D) D D D D - D - D - Augustus Octavius Bacon (D)
1896 D D D D - D - D - William Jennings Bryan and Arthur Sewall (D) Red XN
1897 D D D D - D - D - Alexander S. Clay (D)
1898 William C. Clifton (D) D D D D - D - D -
Philip Cook, Jr. (D)[5]
1899 Allen D. Candler (D) D D D D - D - D -
1900 D D D D - D - D - William Jennings Bryan and Adlai E. Stevenson I (D) Red XN
1901 D D D D - D - D -
1902 Boykin Wright D D D D - D - D -
1903 Joseph M. Terrell (D) John C. Hart D D D D - D - D -
1904 D D D D - D - D - Alton B. Parker and Henry G. Davis (D) Red XN
1905 D D D D - D - D -
1906 D D D D - D - D -
1907 D D D D - D - D -
M. Hoke Smith (D)
1908 D D D D - D - D - William Jennings Bryan and John W. Kern (D) Red XN
1909 D D D D - D - D -
Joseph M. Brown (D)
1910 D D D D - D - D -
Hewlett A. Hall Joseph M. Terrell (D)
1911 D D D D - D - D -
M. Hoke Smith (D)[11] Thomas S. Felder
John M. Slaton (D)[12] M. Hoke Smith (D)
1912 Joseph M. Brown (D) D D D D - D - D - Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D) Green tickY
1913 John M. Slaton (D) D D D D - D - D - 12D
1914 Warren Grice (D) D D D D - D - D -
William S. West (D)
Thomas W. Hardwick (D)
1915 Nathaniel E. Harris (D) Clifford Walker (D) D D D D - D - D -
1916 D D D D - D - D -
1917 Hugh M. Dorsey (D) D D D D - D - D -
1918 D D D D - D - D -
Henry Strange (D)[22]
1919 Samuel McLendon (D)[5] D D D D - D - D - William J. Harris (D)
1920 R. A. Denny D D D D - D - D - James M. Cox and Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) Red XN
1921 Thomas W. Hardwick (D) George M. Napier (D) D D D D - D - D - Thomas E. Watson (D)
1922 D D D D - D - D -
Rebecca Latimer Felton (D)
Walter F. George (D)
1923 Clifford Walker (D) D D D D - D - D -
1924 D D D D - D - D - John W. Davis and Charles W. Bryan (D) Red XN
1925 D D D D - D - D -
1926 D D D D - D - D -
1927 Lamartine G. Hardman (D) D D D D - D - D -
1928 D D D D - D - D - Al Smith and Joseph Taylor Robinson (D) Red XN
George Carswell (D)[22]
1929 D D D D - D - D -
1930 D D D D - D - D -
1931 Richard Russell, Jr. (D) John B. Wilson (D)[5] D D D D - D - D -
1932 D D D D - D - D - Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner (D) Green tickY
Lawrence S. Camp (D) John S. Cohen (D)
1933 Eugene Talmadge (D) M. J. Yeomans D D D D - D - D - Richard Russell, Jr. (D) 10D
1934 D D D D - D - D -
1935 D D D D - D - D -
1936 D D D D - D - D -
1937 Eurith D. Rivers (D) D D D D - D - D -
1938 D D D Ben Huiet (D)[23] D - D - D -
1939 D D D D - D - D -
Ellis Arnall (D)[24]
1940 D D D D - D - D - Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D) Green tickY
1941 Eugene Talmadge (D) D D D D - D - D -
1942 D D D D - D - D -
1943 Ellis Arnall (D) Grady Head D D D D - D - D -
1944 D D D D - D - D - Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (D) Green tickY
1945 Eugene Cook (D) D D D D - D - D -
1946 D D D D - D - D -
Ben Fortson (D)[5][25]
1947 Melvin E. Thompson (D) D D D D - D - D -
Herman Talmadge (D)
Melvin E. Thompson (D)[26] vacant
1948 D D D D - D - D - Harry S. Truman and Alben W. Barkley (D) Green tickY
Herman Talmadge (D)[27] Marvin Griffin (D)
1949 D D D D - D - D -
1950 D D D D - D - D -
1951 D D D D - D - D -
1952 D D D D - D - D - Adlai Stevenson and John Sparkman (D) Red XN
1953 D D D D - D - D -
1954 D D D D - D - D -
1955 Marvin Griffin (D) Ernest Vandiver (D) D D D D - D - D -
1956 D D D D - D - D - Adlai Stevenson and Estes Kefauver (D) Red XN
1957 D D D D - D - D - Herman Talmadge (D)
1958 D D D D - D - D -
1959 Ernest Vandiver (D) Garland T. Byrd (D) D D D D - D - D -
1960 D D D D - D - D - John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson (D) Green tickY
1961 D D D D - D - D -
1962 D D D D - D - D -
1963 Carl Sanders (D) Peter Zack Geer (D) D D D D - D - D -
1964 D D D D - D - D - Barry Goldwater and William E. Miller (R) Red XN
1965 Arthur K. Bolton D D D D - D - D - 9D, 1R
1966 D D D D - D - D -
1967 Lester Maddox (D) George T. Smith (D) D D D Sam Caldwell (D) D - D - D - 8D, 2R
1968 D D D D - D - D - George Wallace and Curtis LeMay (I) Red XN
1969 D Tommy Irvin (D) D D - D - D -
1970 D D D - D - D -
1971 Jimmy Carter (D) Lester Maddox (D) D D D - D - D -
David H. Gambrell (D)
1972 D D D - D - D - Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R) Green tickY
Sam Nunn (D)
1973 D D D - D - D - 9D, 1R
1974 D D D - D - D -
1975 George Busbee (D) Zell Miller (D) D D D - D - D - 10D
1976 D D D - D - D - Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D) Green tickY
1977 D D D - D - D -
1978 D D D - D - D -
1979 D D D - D - D - 9D, 1R
David Poythress (D)[28]
1980 D D D - D - D - Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D) Red XN
1981 Mike Bowers (D) D D D - D - D - Mack Mattingly (R)
1982 D D D - D - D -
1983 Joe Frank Harris (D) Max Cleland (D) D D D - D - D -
1984 D D Joe Tanner (D)[29] D - D - D - Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush (R) Green tickY
1985 D D D - D - D - 8D, 2R
1986 D D D - D - D -
1987 D D D - D - D - Wyche Fowler (D)
1988 D D D - D - D - George H. W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R) Green tickY
1989 D D 45D, 11R 144D, 36R D - 9D, 1R
1990 D D Ray Hollingsworth (D) D -
1991 Zell Miller (D) Pierre Howard (D) D Tim Ryles (D) Al Scott (D) 145D, 35R D -
1992 D David Poythress (D)[30] D - Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D) Green tickY
1993 D 39D, 17R 128D, 52R D - Paul Coverdell (R)[31] 7D, 4R
1994 Mike Bowers (R)[32] D D -
1995 Linda Schrenko (R) John Oxendine (R) 36D, 20R 114D, 66R R - 7R, 4D
8R, 3D[33]
1996 R - Bob Dole and Jack Kemp (R) Red XN
1997 Lewis Massey (D)[34] 33D, 23R 101D, 79R R - Max Cleland (D)
Thurbert Baker (D)[35]
1998 R -
Marti Fullerton (D)[36]
1999 Roy Barnes (D) Mark Taylor (D) Cathy Cox (D) Michael Thurmond (D) D, R D, R R, D
2000 D, R D, R R, D George W. Bush and Dick Cheney (R) Green tickY
Zell Miller (D)
2001 32D, 24R 106D, 74R R, D
2002 D, R D, R R -
2003 Sonny Perdue (R) Kathy Cox (R) 30D, 26R D, R R, D Saxby Chambliss (R) 8R, 5D
30R, 26D[37]
2004 R, D R, D
2005 34R, 22D 96R, 84D 4R, 1D Johnny Isakson (R) 7R, 6D
99R, 81D
2006 R, D
2007 Casey Cagle (R) Karen Handel (R) R, D R, D 5R
2008 34R, 22D 101R, 79D John McCain and Sarah Palin (R) Red XN
2009 105R, 75D
2010 Brian P. Kemp (R)[38] Brad Bryant (I)[39] 34R, 22D 105R, 75D
2011 Nathan Deal (R) Sam Olens (R) John Barge (R) Gary Black (R) Ralph Hudgens (R) Mark Butler (R) 35R, 21D[40] 116R, 63D, 1I[41] 8R, 5D
2012 Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan (R) Red XN
2013 37R, 19D 119R, 60D
Year Governor Lt. Governor Sec. of State Atty. Gen. School Supt. Comm. of Ag. Comm. of Ins. Comm. of Labor State Senate State House Pub. Ser. Comm. U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices General Assembly United States Congress

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c President of Council of Safety.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Not a formal political party, and not to be confused with the 19th-century Whig Party.
  3. ^ Position of lieutenant governor created in 1945 and first elected in 1946.
  4. ^ a b President.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Died in office.
  6. ^ Died in office; after losing his bid for re-election, Gwinnett was wounded in a duel with Lachlin McIntosh on May 6, 1777 and died of his wounds two days later.
  7. ^ a b c President of Executive Council.
  8. ^ Temporary governor.
  9. ^ a b President of Supreme Executive Council.
  10. ^ Resigned in favor of Stephen Heard.
  11. ^ a b c Resigned to take elected seat in the United States Senate.
  12. ^ a b c d e As president of the state Senate, filled unexpired term.
  13. ^ Resigned due to declining health.
  14. ^ Resigned to become agent to the Creek people.
  15. ^ The Troup party was essentially the continuation of the Jackson faction (followers of James Jackson).
  16. ^ Resigned following the defeat of the Confederate States of America.
  17. ^ Provisional governor appointed by President Andrew Johnson following American Civil War.
  18. ^ Removed from office by the military because he refused to allow state funds to be used for a racially integrated state constitutional convention; the state was still under military occupation during Reconstruction.
  19. ^ Provisional governor appointed by General George Meade.
  20. ^ Resigned; fled the state to avoid impeachment; was arrested in 1876 and found not guilty of embezzlement.
  21. ^ a b As president of the state Senate, became governor until election.
  22. ^ a b Filled vacancy.
  23. ^ The Georgia Department of Labor was created in 1937 and placed under the control of an elected commissioner. About Us | Georgia Department of Labor
  24. ^ In 1939 Governor Eurith D. Rivers appointed Ellis Arnall to a vacancy in the office of attorney general.
  25. ^ Appointed secretary of state in 1946 to fill the unexpired term of John B. Wilson, who died in office. Ben Fortson (1904-1979)
  26. ^ Eugene Talmadge was elected to a third non-consecutive term in 1946 but died before taking office. Incumbent Governor Ellis Arnall and Lieutenant Governor-elect Melvin E. Thompson both claimed the office. The state legislature chose Eugene Talmadge's son, Herman Talmadge, to be governor, and he took office in January 1947, but the state Supreme Court later that year declared this unconstitutional and declared Thompson the rightful acting governor, and Talmadge stepped down after 67 days in office.
  27. ^ Talmadge defeated Thompson in a special election in September 1948.
  28. ^ Governor George Busbee appointed Poythress secretary of state to fill a vacancy created by the death of Fortson. Count to '10, and a Fun Race for Governor
  29. ^ Resigned to accept an appointment as commissioner of the state Department of Natural Resources. Count to '10, and a Fun Race for Governor
  30. ^ Poythress was elected to fill Tanner's unexpired term. Count to '10, and a Fun Race for Governor
  31. ^ In 2000 Paul Coverdell died; Governor Roy Barnes appointed Zell Miller.
  32. ^ In 1994 Incumbent Democrat Mike Bowers switched parties to Republican.
  33. ^ In April 1995 incumbent Democrat Nathan Deal switched parties to Republican.
  34. ^ Governor Zell Miller appointed Massey secretary of state upon Cleland's election to the U.S. Senate.
  35. ^ In 1997 incumbent Mike Bowers resigned; Governor Zell Miller appointed Thurbert Baker.
  36. ^ Served on an interim basis after Poythress resigned in order to run for governor.
  37. ^ Recently reelected incumbent Democrats Don Cheeks, Dan Lee, Rooney Bowen, and Jack Hill switched parties to Republican between the November 2002 election and the beginning of the legislative session in January 2003.
  38. ^ Brian Kemp was appointed Secretary of State, January 4, 2010, to fill the unexpired term of Karen Handel, who resigned to seek the Republican gubernatorial nomination.
  39. ^ Brad Bryant was appointed State School Superintendent, July 1, 2010, to fill the unexpired term of Kathy Cox, who resigned to accept a position with an education think tank.
  40. ^ Tim Golden switched from the Democratic to the Republican Party after the November 2, 2010 General Election.
  41. ^ Eight state representatives --Ellis Black, Amy Carter , Mike Cheokas, Bubber Epps, Gerald Greene, Bob Hanner, Doug McKillip and Alan Powell-- switched from the Democratic to the Republican Party after the November 2, 2010 General Election.

See also[edit]