Political party strength in Hawaii
The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:
- State Senate
- State House of Representatives
- State delegation to the U.S. Senate
- State delegation to the U.S. House of Representatives
For years in which a presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.
The parties are as follows:
Home Rule/Aloha Aina (HR) Best (B) Communist (C) Democratic (D) Green (G) Independent (I) Liberal (NL) Libertarian (Li) Lunalilo (Lu) National Reform (NR) King's/National (N) Missionary/Reform/Republican (R) Jacksonian Party (J) Whig (W) Queen’s (Q) Tea (T)
No Party (NP)
Parties without Wikipedia articles:
Hawaii Independence Party, Constitution Party of Hawaii, Free Energy Party of Hawaii, Hawaii Marijuana Party, Hawaii Natural Law Party, America's Socialist Party in Hawaii, Poé Party of Hawaii, Employees Today Party of Hawaii, Hawaii Kingdom Party of Hawaii.
Each office is shown as the first year after taking office, except for terms that the successor’s term begins the year after the predecessor’s term or for terms that began and ended within the same year.
|Executive offices||State Legislature||State Department||Electoral College votes|
|Year||Monarch||Prime Minister||House of Nobles||House of Rep.||Agent|
|1810||Kamehameha (NP)||no such office||no such offices||no such offices||no such office|
|1819||Elizabeth Kaʻahumanu (?)|
|1820||ʻIolani Liholiho (?)||John C. Jones (?)|
|1825||Keaweaweʻula Kauikeaouli (?)|
|1833||Elizabeth Kīnaʻu (?)|
|1839||Peter A. Brinsmade (?)|
|1840||Miriam Kekāuluohi (?)|
|1843||George Paulet (NP)||Duncan F. Mackay (NP) and John E. Frere (NP)||Gerrit P. Judd (?)||George Brown (?)||Peter A. Brinsmade (?)|
|Richard D. Thomas (NP)||John E. Frere (NP)|
|Year||Monarch||Prime Minister||House of Nobles||House of Rep.||Commissioner||Consul|
|1843||Keaweaweʻula Kauikeaouli (?)||Miriam Kekāuluohi (?)||George Brown (?)||Peter A. Brinsmade (?)||no such office|
|1844||Alexander G. Abell (?)|
|1846||John K. Young II (?)||Anthony Ten Eyke (?)||Joel Turrill (J)|
|1849||Charles Eames (?)|
|1850||Luther Severance (W)||Elisha Hunt Allen (W)|
|1853||David L. Gregg (?)||Benjamin Franklin Angel (?)|
|1854||Darius A. Ogden (D-NY)|
|1855||Alexander Liholiho (?)|
|1856||Victoria Kamāmalu (?)|
|1857||Abner Pratt (?)|
|1858||James W. Borden (?)|
|1860||no such office|
|1861||Thomas J. Dryer (W)|
|1863||James McBride (R-OR)|
|1864||Lot Kapuāiwa (?)||Mataio Kekūanāoʻa (?)|
|1865||no such office|
|1866||Edward M. McCook (R-Colo.)|
|1869||Henry A. Peirce (?)|
|1873||William C. Lunalilo (Lu)||William C. Lunalilo (Lu), Kalaimamahu Dynasty|
|1874||David Kalākaua (N), Kalākaua Dynasty|
|1875||David Kalākaua (N)||need data|
|1881|| ?N, ?Q, ?R, ?NP
|1882||Walter M. Gibson (N)|
|1883|| ?N, 3Q, ?R, ?NP
|1887||no such office||18N, 10I|
|1888||need data||need data|
|1891||13R, 9NR, 2I||14NR, 10R|
|1892||Lydia K. Dominis (NP, NR cabinet)|
|1893||14R, 3NR, 2NL||12NL, 9R, 5NR, 3I|
|President||Vice-President||House of Nobles||House of Rep.|
|1893||Sanford B. Dole (R)||William C. Wilder (R)||no such offices||no such offices|
|President||Senate||House of Rep.|
|1894||Sanford B. Dole (R)||need data||need data|
|1897||need data||need data|
|1898||need data||need data|
|Governor||Senate||House of Rep.||U.S. Delegate|
|1898||Sanford B. Dole (R)||no such offices||no such office||no electoral votes|
|1900||9HR, 6R||17HR, 9R, 4D||Robert W. Wilcox
|1903||10R, 4HR, 1D||20R, 10HR,||Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole|
|1904||George R. Carter (R)|
|1905||14R, 1D||28R, 1D, 1HR|
|1907||12R, 2D, 1HR||24R, 6HR|
|1908||Walter F. Frear (R)|
|1909||9R, 4D, 2HR||22R, 7D, 1HR|
|1911||12R, 2HR, 1D||28R, 2HR|
|Lucius E. Pinkham (D)||18R, 15D, 2HR,||18R, 11D, 1HR|
|1915||8R, 7D||29R, 1D|
|1917||12R, 3D||24R, 6D|
|Charles J. McCarthy (D)|
|1919||14R, 1D||24R, 6D|
|1921||14R, 4D||26R, 4D|
|Wallace R. Farrington (R)|
|1922||Henry Alexander Baldwin|
|1923||need data||need data||William Paul Jarrett|
|1925||need data||need data|
|1927||Victor S. K. Houston|
|Lawrence M. Judd (R)|
|1933||Lincoln Loy McCandless|
|Joseph Poindexter (D)|
|1935||Samuel Wilder King|
|Ingram Stainback (D)|
|1943||Joseph Rider Farrington|
|Oren E. Long (D)|
|Samuel Wilder King (R)|
|1954||Elizabeth P. Farrington|
|1957||John A. Burns|
|William F. Quinn (R)|
|Governor||Lieutenant Governor||State Senate||State House||U.S. Senator (Class I)||U.S. Senator (Class III)||U.S. House District 1||U.S. House District 2||Presidential Elections|
|William F. Quinn (R)||James Kealoha (R)||14R, 11D||33D, 18R||Hiram Fong (R)||Oren E. Long (D)||Daniel Inouye (D)|
|1960||John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson (D)|
|1961||14R, 11D||33D, 18R|
|1963||John A. Burns (D)||William S. Richardson (D)||15D, 10R||40D, 11R||Daniel Inouye (D)||Thomas Gill (D)||Spark Matsunaga (D)|
|1964||Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (D)|
|1965||16D, 9R||39D, 12R||Patsy Mink (D)|
|1967||Thomas Gill (D)||15D, 10R||39D, 12R|
|1968||Hubert Humphrey and Edmund Muskie (D)|
|1969||15D, 10R||40D, 13R|
|1971||George Ariyoshi (D)|
|1972||Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R)|
|1975||George Ariyoshi (D)||Nelson Doi (D)|
|1976||Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D)|
|1977||Spark Matsunaga (D)||Cecil Heftel (D)||Daniel Akaka (D)|
|1979||Jean King (D)|
|1980||Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D)|
|1983||John D. Waihee III (D)|
|1984||Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush (R)|
|Neil Abercrombie (D)|
|1987||John D. Waihee III (D)||Ben Cayetano (D)||Pat Saiki (R)|
|1988||Michael Dukakis and Lloyd Bentsen (D)|
|Daniel Akaka (D)||vacant|
|1991||Neil Abercrombie (D)||Patsy Mink (D)|
|1992||Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D)|
|1995||Ben Cayetano (D)||Mazie Hirono (D)|
|2000||Al Gore and Joe Lieberman (D)|
|2003||Linda Lingle (R)||James Aiona (R)||Ed Case (D)|
|2004||John Kerry and John Edwards (D)|
|2007||21D, 4R||44D, 7R||Mazie Hirono (D)|
|2008||Barack Obama and Joe Biden (D)|
|2009||23D, 2R||45D, 6R|
|2010||Charles Djou (R)|
|2011||Neil Abercrombie (D)||Brian Schatz (D)||24D, 1R||43D, 8R||Colleen Hanabusa (D)|
|2013||Shan Tsutsui (D)||44D, 7R||Mazie Hirono (D)||Brian Schatz (D)||Tulsi Gabbard (D)|
|Year||Governor||Lieutenant Governor||State Senate||State House||U.S. Senator (Class I)||U.S. Senator (Class III)||U.S. House District 1||U.S. House District 2||Presidential Elections|
|Executive offices||State Legislature||U.S. Congress||Electoral College votes|
- The House of Nobles and House of Representatives were merged into a 28 member body in 1864.
- The office of Vice-President was not carried over into the Republic of Hawaii in case of the president’s inability to govern (absence, death, or incapacitation) the Minister of Foreign Affairs would have become acting president, previously this would be the case if both the President and Vice-president were unable to govern.
- Hawaiian Kingdom 1874-1893, the Kalakaua Dynastism by Ralph S. Kuykendall page 521
- Territorial governor appointed by President William McKinley.
- Resigned to take seat on the United States District Court for Hawaii Territory.
- Robert William Wilcox at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Territorial governor appointed by President Theodore Roosevelt.
- Resigned; term was to have ended November 23, 1907.
- Territorial governor appointed by President Woodrow Wilson.
- Territorial governor appointed by President Warren G. Harding.
- Territorial governor appointed by President Herbert Hoover.
- Territorial governor appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
- Remained in office for several months after his term expired until his successor was confirmed.
- Had little power until October 24, 1944, as his predecessor, Joseph Poindexter, had declared martial law on December 7, 1941, following the attack on Pearl Harbor, delegating executive authority to the military. During the period of military rule, the territory was governed by Lieutenant Generals Walter Short, Delos Emmons, and Robert C. Richardson, Jr..
- Territorial governor appointed by President Harry S. Truman.
- Territorial governor appointed by President Dwight Eisenhower.
- Resigned immediately when denied a second term by Eisenhower.
- Elected at-large on a general ticket.
- Elected at-large on a general ticket until districts were implemented beginning with the 1970 elections.
- Possibly incorrect
- Elected in special election to complete term of Heftel, who resigned to run for governor.
- First elected in special election in 1990 caused by the death of incumbent Spark Matsunaga.
- resigned to run for Governor