Political party strength in Maryland

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The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Maryland:

The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:

For years in which a presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.

The parties are as follows:       American (A),       Anti-Administration (AA),       Democratic (D),       Democratic-Republican (DR),       Federalist (F),       Independent (I),       no party (N),       National Republican (NR),       National Union (NU),       Pro-Administration (PA),       Republican (R),       Whig (W), and       a tie or coalition within a group of elected officials.

Year Executive offices General Assembly United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lieutenant Governor Attorney General Comptroller State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House
1777 Thomas Johnson (N) [1] [2]
James Tilghman
1778 Luther Martin
1780 Thomas Sim Lee (F)
1783 William Paca (N)
1786 William Smallwood (N)
1789 John Eager Howard (F) Charles Carroll (PA) John Henry (PA) 4AA, 2PA George Washington (N) Green tickY
1791 3AA, 3PA
George Plater (N)[3]
James Brice (F)[4]
Thomas Sim Lee (F)
1793 Richard Potts (PA) 4AA, 4PA[5]
1795 John Hoskins Stone (F) 4DR, 4F
1796 John Adams (F) Green tickY
1797 John Eager Howard (F) 6F, 2DR
1798 John Henry (DR) James Lloyd (F)
1799 Benjamin Ogle (F) 5F, 3DR
1800 Thomas Jefferson (DR) Green tickY and John Adams (F)
1801 William Hindman (F) 6DR, 2F
1802 John Francis Mercer (DR) Robert Wright (DR)
1803 Samuel Smith (DR) 7DR, 2F[6]
1804 Robert Bowie (DR) Thomas Jefferson (DR) Green tickY
1805 William Pinkney (DR)
John Thomson Mason
John Johnson
1807 Robert Wright (DR) Philip Reed (DR) 6DR, 3F
1808 James Madison (DR) Green tickY
Edward Lloyd (DR)
1811 John Montgomery (DR)
1812 Robert Bowie (DR)
1813 Levin Winder (F) Robert Henry Goldsborough (F)
1815 vacant 5F, 4DR
1816 Charles Carnan Ridgely (F) Robert Goodloe Harper (F) James Monroe (DR) Green tickY
1817 Alexander Contee Hanson (F) 5DR, 4F
1818 Luther Martin
1819 Charles Goldsborough (F) Edward Lloyd (DR) 7DR, 2F
1820 Samuel Sprigg (D) William Pinkney (DR)
1821 6DR, 3F
1822 Thomas Beale Dorsey vacant
1823 Samuel Stevens, Jr. (D) Samuel Smith (DR) 4NR, 3F, 2DR
1824 Thomas Kell Andrew Jackson (DR) Red XN
1825 6NR, 3DR
1826 Joseph Kent (DR) Ezekiel F. Chambers (NR) 5NR, 4DR
1827 Roger B. Taney (F) 6NR, 3DR
1828 John Quincy Adams and Richard Rush (NR) Red XN
1829 Daniel Martin (NR) Samuel Smith (D) 6D, 3NR
1830 Thomas King Carroll (D)
1831 Daniel Martin (NR) Josiah Bayly (F) 5NR, 4D
George Howard (NR)
1832 Henry Clay and John Sergeant (NR) Red XN
1833 James Thomas (W) Joseph Kent (NR) 6D, 2NR
1835 Robert Henry Goldsborough (NR) 4D, 4NR[7]
1836 Thomas Veazey (W) William Henry Harrison and John Tyler (W) Red XN
1837 John S. Spence (W) 5W, 3D
1838 William Duhurst Merrick (W)
1839 William Grason (D) 5D, 3W
1840 William Henry Harrison and John Tyler (W) Green tickY
1841 John Leeds Kerr (W) 6W, 2D
1842 Francis Thomas (D)
1843 James Pearce (W) 6W[8]
1844 Henry Clay and Theodore Frelinghuysen (W) Red XN
1845 Thomas Pratt (W) Reverdy Johnson (W) 4D, 2W
1846 George R. Richardson
1847 4W, 2R
1848 Philip Francis Thomas (D) Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore (W) Green tickY
1849 vacant 3W, 3D
David Stewart (W)[9]
1850 Thomas Pratt (W)
1851 Enoch Louis Lowe (D) Robert J. Brent (W) 4W, 2D
1852 Philip Francis Thomas (D) Franklin Pierce and William R. King (D) Green tickY
1853 4D, 2W
Henry E. Bateman (D)
1854 Thomas Watkins Ligon (D) William Pinkney Whyte (D)
1855 4A, 2D
1856 William Henry Purnell (A) Millard Fillmore and Andrew Jackson Donelson (A) Green tickY
1857 Anthony Kennedy (A) 3A, 3D
1858 Thomas Holliday Hicks (A)
1860 John C. Breckinridge and Joseph Lane (D) Red XN
1861 6NU
Dennis Claude (D)
Abram Lingan Jarrett (D)
1862 Augustus Bradford (NU) Samuel Snowden Maffit (NU) James Pearce (D)
1863 Reverdy Johnson (NU) Thomas Holliday Hicks (NU) 3NU, 1D, 1R[11]
1864 Alexander Randall (W) Henry Holliday Goldsborough (NU) Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson (NU) Green tickY
1865 Christopher C. Cox (NU) Robert John Jump (NU) John Creswell (NU) 3NU, 2D
1866 Thomas Swann (D)
1867 Isaac Dashiell Jones (W) William James Leonard (D) vacant 3D, 1C, 1R
1868 [12] George Vickers (D) Horatio Seymour and Francis Preston Blair, Jr. (D) Red XN
William Pinkney Whyte (D)
1869 Oden Bowie (D) William Thomas Hamilton (D) 5D
1870 Levin Woolford (D)
1871 Andrew K. Syester (W) 5D
1872 William Pinkney Whyte (D) Thomas A. Hendricks and B. Gratz Brown (D) Red XN
1873 George R. Dennis (D) 4D, 2R[13]
1874 James Black Groome (D)
1875 Charles J. M. Gwinn (D) William Pinkney Whyte (D) 6D
1876 John Lee Carroll (D) Samuel J. Tilden and Thomas A. Hendricks (D) Red XN
1878 Thomas James Keating (D)
1879 James Black Groome (D) 5D, 1R
1880 William T. Hamilton (D) Winfield Scott Hancock and William Hayden English (D) Red XN
1881 Arthur Pue Gorman (D)
1883 Charles Boyle Roberts (D) 4D, 1R
1884 Robert Milligan McLane (D)[14] J. Frank Turner (D) Grover Cleveland and Thomas A. Hendricks (D) Green tickY
1885 Henry Lloyd (D)[15] Ephraim King Wilson II (D) 5D, 1R
1887 William Pinkney Whyte (D)
1888 Elihu Emory Jackson (D) L. Victor Baughman (D) Grover Cleveland and Allen G. Thurman (D) Red XN
1889 4D, 2R
1890 3D, 3R
1891 John Prentiss Poe (D) vacant 6D
1892 Frank Brown (D) Marion deKalb Smith (D) Charles Hopper Gibson (D) Grover Cleveland and Adlai E. Stevenson I (D) Green tickY
1894 5D, 1R
1895 Harry M. Clabaugh (R) 3D, 3R
1896 Lloyd Lowndes, Jr. (R) Robert Patterson Graham (R) William McKinley and Garret Hobart (R) Green tickY
1897 George L. Wellington (R) 6R
1898 Phillips Lee Goldsborough (R)
1899 George Gaither, Jr. (R) Louis E. McComas (R) 4R, 2D
Isador Rayner (D)
1900 John Walter Smith (D) Joshua W. Hering (D) 5R, 1D[16] William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt (R) Green tickY
1901 6R
1903 William Shepard Bryan, Jr. (D) Arthur Pue Gorman (D) 4R, 2D
1904 Edwin Warfield (D) Gordon T. Atkinson (D) Theodore Roosevelt and Charles W. Fairbanks (R) Green tickY
1905 Isador Rayner (D) 3R, 3D
William Pinkney Whyte (D)
1907 Isaac Lobe Straus (D)
1908 Austin Lane Crothers (D) Joshua W. Hering (D) John Walter Smith (D) William Jennings Bryan and John W. Kern (D) Red XN
William B. Clagett (D)[17]
1911 Edgar Allan Poe (D) 5D, 1R
Charles H. Stanley (D)[18]
1912 Phillips Lee Goldsborough (R) Emerson Harrington (D) Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall (D) Green tickY
1913 William Purnell Jackson (R) 6D
1914 Blair Lee I (D)
1915 Albert Ritchie (D) 5D, 1R
1916 Emerson Harrington (D) Hugh McMullen (D)
1917 Joseph Irwin (R) 4D, 2R
1919 Alexander Armstrong (R) 3D, 3R
1920 Albert Ritchie (D) E. Brooke Lee (D) Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge (R) Green tickY
1921 Ovington Weller (R) 4R, 2D
1922 William S. Gordy, Jr. (D)
1923 Thomas H. Robinson (D) William Cabell Bruce (D) 3R, 3D
1924 Calvin Coolidge and Charles G. Dawes (R) Green tickY
1925 4D, 2R
1927 Millard Tydings (D) 5D, 1R
1928 Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis (R) Green tickY
1929 Phillips Lee Goldsborough (R) 4D, 2R
1930 William Preston Lane, Jr. (D)
1931 6D
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner (D) Green tickY
1934 Herbert O'Conor (D)
1935 Harry Nice (R) George L. P. Radcliffe (D)
1938 William C. Walsh (D)
1939 Herbert O'Conor (D) J. Millard Tawes (D)
1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D) Green tickY
1943 4D, 2R
1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (D) Green tickY
1945 William Curran (D) 5D, 1R
1946 Hall Hammond (D)
1947 William Preston Lane, Jr. (D) James J. Lacy (D) Herbert O'Conor (D) 4D, 2R
1948 Thomas E. Dewey and Earl Warren (R) Red XN
J. Millard Tawes (D)[19]
1951 Theodore R. McKeldin (R) John Marshall Butler (R) 3D, 3R
1952 Edward D. E. Rollins (R) Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon (R) Green tickY
1953 James Glenn Beall (R) 4R, 3D[20]
1954 C. Ferdinand Sybert (D)
1955 4D, 3R
1959 J. Millard Tawes (D) Louis L. Goldstein (D) 7D
1960 John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson (D) Green tickY
1961 Thomas B. Finan (D) 6D, 1R
1963 Daniel B. Brewster (D) 6D, 2R[21]
1964 Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (D) Green tickY
1965 Joseph Tydings (D) 5D, 3R
1966 Robert C. Murphy (D)
1967 Spiro Agnew (R) Francis B. Burch (D)
1968 Hubert Humphrey and Edmund Muskie (D) Red XN
1969 Marvin Mandel (D) Charles Mathias, Jr. (R) 4D, 4R
1971 Blair Lee, III (D)[22] John Glenn Beall (R) 5D, 3R
1972 Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R) Green tickY
1973 4D, 4R
1975 5D, 3R
1976 Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D) Green tickY
1977 Paul Sarbanes (D)
1979 Harry Hughes (D) Samuel W. Bogley (D) Stephen H. Sachs[23] (D) 6D, 2R
1980 Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D) Red XN
1981 7D, 1R
1983 J. Joseph Curran, Jr. (D)
1984 Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush (R) Green tickY
1985 6D, 2R
1987 William Donald Schaefer (D) Melvin Steinberg (D) J. Joseph Curran, Jr. (D) Barbara Mikulski (D)
1988 George H. W. Bush and Dan Quayle (R) Green tickY
1991 5D, 3R
1992 Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D) Green tickY
1993 4D, 4R
1995 Parris Glendening (D) Kathleen Kennedy Townsend (D)
1998 Robert L. Swann (D)
1999 William Donald Schaefer (D)
2000 Al Gore and Joe Lieberman (D) Red XN
2003 Robert Ehrlich (R) Michael S. Steele (R) 6D, 2R
2004 John Kerry and John Edwards (D) Red XN
2007 Martin O'Malley (D) Anthony G. Brown (D) Doug Gansler (D) Peter Franchot (D) 33D, 14R 104D, 37R Ben Cardin (D)
2008 Barack Obama and Joe Biden (D) Green tickY
5D, 2R[24]
104D, 36R, 1I[25] 6D, 2R[26]
2009 7D, 1R
2011 35D, 12R 98D, 43R 6D, 2R
2013 7D, 1R
2015 Larry Hogan (R) Boyd Rutherford (R) Brian E. Frosh (D) 33D, 14R 90D, 51R
Year Governor Lieutenant Governor Attorney General Comptroller State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class III) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices General Assembly United States Congress


  1. ^ The office of Lieutenant Governor was created originally by the Constitution of 1864.
  2. ^ The office of Comptroller of the Treasury was created by the Constitution of 1851.
  3. ^ Died in office.
  4. ^ As senior member of the Governor's Council, was appointed by state legislature to fill term until replacement elected.
  5. ^ Maryland gained two representatives, bringing the total to eight during this period.
  6. ^ Maryland gained one representative, bringing the total to nine during this period. The fifth district had two representatives, except after 1833: one from Baltimore City, and the other from Baltimore County, Maryland.
  7. ^ Maryland lost one representative, bringing the total to eight during this period. The fourth district had two representatives from 1835–1843.
  8. ^ Maryland lost two representatives, bringing the total to six during this period.
  9. ^ Appointed to fill position and served until a successor was elected.
  10. ^ The office of attorney general was abolished by the Constitution of 1851 but was reestablished by the Constitution of 1864 (Art. 5, sec. 1).
  11. ^ 6th congressional district abolished after 1860 census.
  12. ^ The state's present constitution, adopted in 1867, abolished the lieutenant governorship. However, the position was re-established by a constitutional amendment ratified on November 4, 1970.
  13. ^ 6th congressional district established after 1870 census.
  14. ^ Resigned to take post as Minister to France.
  15. ^ Appointed by the legislature to fill unexpired term; was later elected in his own right.
  16. ^ Josiah Kerr elected to fill vacancy upon Smith's resignation upon election as governor.
  17. ^ Appointed by Gov. Crothers; died in office.
  18. ^ Appointed by Gov. Crothers.
  19. ^ Appointed to fill position initially, then elected.
  20. ^ 7th congressional district was abolished after the 1840 census and reinstated after the 1950 census.
  21. ^ Maryland's 8th congressional district was abolished after the 1830 census, and reinstated after the 1960 census; until its boundaries were established in 1967, an at-large district seat was filled from 1963–1967.
  22. ^ Lt. Gov. position created in 1970.
  23. ^ Jon F. Oster and George A. Nilson each served a day as Attorney General on January 1 and January 2, 1979, respectively.
  24. ^ Democrat Al Wynn resigned.
  25. ^ In September 2008, incumbent Republican Richard B. Weldon, Jr. switched his party affiliation to unaffiliated.
  26. ^ Democrat Donna Edwards was elected in a special election to succeed Wynn.

See also[edit]