Politics of Assam

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The political structure of Assam in India is headed by the ceremonial post of the Governor. He is assisted by a council of ministers, headed by the Chief Minister, who are members of the Assam Assembly. In recent years the Governor has become more powerful, especially because the last two Governors have been ex-Army generals and the Army is entrusted with anti-insurgency operations against ULFA and other armed groups.

History[edit]

The Assam legislative structure is unicameral and consists of the 126-member Assam Assembly. Members are elected for a period of 5 years. The Assam Assembly is presided over by the Speaker, who is generally a member of the ruling party.

State Government[edit]

Year Assembly Total seats Government Seats won Chief Minister Opposition
1946-52 Provincial Assembly 108 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 50 Gopinath Bordoloi/Bishnu Ram Medhi Muslim League
1952-57 1st Assembly 108 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 76 Bishnu Ram Medhi Socialist Party
1957-62 2nd Assembly 108 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 71 Bishnu Ram Medhi/Bimala Prasad Chaliha Praja Socialist Party
1962-67 3rd Assembly 105 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 79 Bimala Prasad Chaliha All Party Hill Leaders Conference
1967-72 4th Assembly 126 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 73 Bimala Prasad Chaliha/Mohendra Mohan Choudhury All Party Hill Leaders Congress
1972-78 5th Assembly 114 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 95 Sarat Chandra Sinha Samyukta Socialist Party
1978-79 6th Assembly 126 Janata Party/Communist Party of India/Plains Tribals Council of Assam 53/11/4 Golap Borbora/Jogendra Nath Hazarika Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress
1979-80 Flag of India.svg Government of India President Rule
1980-81 6th Assembly 126 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress/Communist Party of India/Independents 51/11/4 Anowara Taimur Janata Party
1981-82 Flag of India.svg Government of India President Rule
1982 6th Assembly 126 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress/Communist Party of India/Independents 51/11/4 Kesab Chandra Gogoi Janata Party
1982-83 Flag of India.svg Government of India President Rule
1983-85 7th Assembly 126 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 91 Hiteswar Saikia Plains Tribals Council of Assam
1985-90 8th Assembly 126 Flag of Asom Gana Parishad.svg Asom Gana Parishad 69 Prafulla Kumar Mahanta Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress
1990-91 Flag of India.svg Government of India President Rule
1991-96 9th Assembly 126 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 66 Hiteswar Saikia/Bhumidhar Barman Flag of Asom Gana Parishad.svg Asom Gana Parishad
1996-2001 10th Assembly 126 Flag of Asom Gana Parishad.svg Asom Gana Parishad/Communist Party of India/United Minorities Front 59/2/2 Prafulla Kumar Mahanta Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress
2001-06 11th Assembly 126 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 71 Tarun Gogoi Flag of Asom Gana Parishad.svg Asom Gana Parishad
2006-11 12th Assembly 126 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress/Bodoland People's Front 53/10 Tarun Gogoi Flag of Asom Gana Parishad.svg Asom Gana Parishad
2011 13th Assembly 126 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress/Bodoland People's Front 78/11 Tarun Gogoi AIUDF-flag.svg All India United Democratic Front

National Legislature[edit]

Lok Sabha districts in Assam after the 2009 elections


Assam sends 14 Member of Parliament(s) to the Lok Sabha.

Year Lok Sabha Total seats Largest party Seats won
1951 First Lok Sabha 12 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 11
1957 Second Lok Sabha 12 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 10
1962 Third Lok Sabha 12 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 9
1967 Fourth Lok Sabha 14 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 10
1971 Fifth Lok Sabha 14 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 13
1977 Sixth Lok Sabha 14 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 10
1980 Seventh Lok Sabha 8 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 8
1985 Eighth Lok Sabha 15 Flag of Asom Gana Parishad.svg Asom Gana Parishad 7
1989 Ninth Lok Sabha Flag of India.svg No elections
1991 Tenth Lok Sabha 14 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 8
1996 Eleventh Lok Sabha 14 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 5
1998 Twelfth Lok Sabha 14 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 11
1999 Thirteenth Lok Sabha 14 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 10
2004 Fourteenth Lok Sabha 14 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 7
2009 Fifteenth Lok Sabha 14 Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Indian National Congress 7

External links[edit]