Politics of Calabria
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politics and government of
The Politics of Calabria, Italy takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Regional Council.
The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President and the Ministers (Assessori), who are currently 11, including a Vice President (Vice Presidente).
List of Presidents
|Presidents of Calabria|
|Antonio Guarasci||DC||1970–1974||I Legislature|
|Aldo Ferrara||DC||1974–1975||I Legislature|
|Pasquale Perugini||DC||1975–1976||II Legislature|
|Aldo Ferrara||DC||1976–1980||II Legislature|
|Bruno Dominijanni||PSI||1980–1985||III Legislature|
|Francesco Principe||PSI||1985–1987||IV Legislature|
|Rosario Olivo||PSI||1987–1990||IV Legislature|
|Rosario Olivo||PSI||1990–1992||V Legislature|
|Guido Rhodio||DC||1992–1994||V Legislature|
|Donato Veraldi||PPI||1994–1995||V Legislature|
|Giuseppe Nisticò||FI||1995–1998||VI Legislature|
|Battista Caligiuri||FI||1998–1999||VI Legislature|
|Luigi Meduri||PPI||1999–2000||VI Legislature|
|Giuseppe Chiaravalloti||Indep. FI||2000–2005||VII Legislature|
|Agazio Loiero||DL/PDM/PD||2005–2010||VIII Legislature|
|Giuseppe Scopelliti||PdL/NCD||2010–...||IX Legislature|
The Regional Council of Calabria (Consiglio Regionale della Calabria) is composed of 50 members. 40 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 10 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 5 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 45. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes, special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition. Parties obtaining less than 4% receive no seats, no matter if they are in coalition with larger parties or not.
The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent prevision introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.
Parties and elections
Latest regional election
In the latest regional election, which took place on 28–29 March 2010, Giuseppe Scopelliti of The People of Freedom ousted by a landslide the incumbent President Agazio Loiero of the Democratic Party.
|Candidates & parties||votes||votes (%)||seats|
|The People of Freedom||271,581||26.39||15|
|Union of the Centre||97,213||9.44||6|
|Together for Calabria (New PSI–UDEUR–PRI)||53,158||5.16||2|
|Autonomy and Rights||71,945||6.99||4|
|Federation of the Left||41,520||4.03||2|
|Italian Socialist Party–SEL||38,581||3.75||0|
|Alliance for Calabria||23,106||2.24||0|
|Italy of Values||55,370||5.38||3|
|I Stay in Calabria||20,443||1.99||0|