Politics of Calabria

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The Politics of Calabria, Italy takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Regional Council.


The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President and the Ministers (Assessori), who are currently 11, including a Vice President (Vice Presidente).[1]

List of Presidents[edit]

Presidents of Calabria
President Party Term Legislature
Antonio Guarasci DC 1970–1974 I Legislature
Aldo Ferrara DC 1974–1975 I Legislature
Pasquale Perugini DC 1975–1976 II Legislature
Aldo Ferrara DC 1976–1980 II Legislature
Bruno Dominijanni PSI 1980–1985 III Legislature
Francesco Principe PSI 1985–1987 IV Legislature
Rosario Olivo PSI 1987–1990 IV Legislature
Rosario Olivo PSI 1990–1992 V Legislature
Guido Rhodio DC 1992–1994 V Legislature
Donato Veraldi PPI 1994–1995 V Legislature
Giuseppe Nisticò FI 1995–1998 VI Legislature
Battista Caligiuri FI 1998–1999 VI Legislature
Luigi Meduri PPI 1999–2000 VI Legislature
Giuseppe Chiaravalloti Indep. FI 2000–2005 VII Legislature
Agazio Loiero DL/PDM/PD 2005–2010 VIII Legislature
Giuseppe Scopelliti PdL/NCD 2010–... IX Legislature

Legislative branch[edit]

The Regional Council of Calabria (Consiglio Regionale della Calabria) is composed of 50 members. 40 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 10 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 5 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 45. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes, special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition. Parties obtaining less than 4% receive no seats, no matter if they are in coalition with larger parties or not.[2]

The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent prevision introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.[3]

Parties and elections[edit]

Latest regional election[edit]

In the latest regional election, which took place on 28–29 March 2010, Giuseppe Scopelliti of The People of Freedom ousted by a landslide the incumbent President Agazio Loiero of the Democratic Party.

Candidates & parties votes votes (%) seats
Giuseppe Scopelliti 614,584 57.76 30
The People of Freedom 271,581 26.39 15
Scopelliti List 102,090 9.92 6
Union of the Centre 97,213 9.44 6
Together for Calabria (New PSIUDEURPRI) 53,158 5.16 2
United Socialists 33,000 3.21 0
We South 31,345 3.05 0
Tricolour Flame 4,136 0.40 0
Agazio Loiero 342,773 32.22 17
Democratic Party 162,081 15.75 10
Autonomy and Rights 71,945 6.99 4
Federation of the Left 41,520 4.03 2
Italian Socialist PartySEL 38,581 3.75 0
Alliance for Calabria 23,106 2.24 0
Untie Calabria 21,145 2.05 0
Filippo Callipo 106,646 10.02 3
Italy of Values 55,370 5.38 3
I Stay in Calabria 20,443 1.99 0
Bonino-Pannella List 2,551 0.25 0
Total 1,029,265 100.00 50

Sources: La Repubblica and Calabria Region – Elections


External links[edit]