Politics of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
- 1 Institutions
- 2 Politics of Crimea today
- 3 Elections
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Sovereignty over Crimea belongs to the Ukrainian government, hence Crimea has no role in its foreign affairs. Thus, the Crimean head of state is simultaneously the President of Ukraine, currently Viktor Yanukovych.
The Parliament of Crimea
Government of Crimea
The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature branches and the responsibility of Ukraine.
Municipal and regional institutions
Crimea is subdivided into a total of 25 regions: 14 raions (districts) and 11 city municipalities. While the City of Sevastopol is located on the Crimean peninsula, it is administratively separate from the rest of Crimea and is one of two special municipalities of Ukraine. The capital of Crimea is the City of Simferopol, located in the interior of the peninsula.
Politics of Crimea today
Crimea was transferred over to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (the predecessor to Ukraine) by Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev from the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic in 1954. From 1954 until 1992, Crimea was an oblast (province) of Ukraine, until its autonomy was restored as the Republic of Crimea on February 12, 1992. Crimea's status in Ukraine was re-affirmed with Ukraine's 1996 constitution.
The Constitution of Crimea stipulates that the language of official documents "certifying the status of a citizen" shall be in Ukrainian and Russian, and at request in Crimean Tatar. Government proceedings, notarial proceedings and legal aid are in Ukrainian or at request in Russian.
The latest parliamentary elections in Crimea were held in 2010. Before the current constitution took force, Crimea had a President for a brief time. The first and only presidential elections took place in January 1994.
Crimean parliamentary election 2010
|Parties||Party list votes||Party list %||Swing (party list) %||Mandates won on party list||Constituencies won||Swing (in mandates)|
|Party of Regions||357030||48,93%||+19,54%||32||48||+4|
|Communist Party of Ukraine||54172||7,42%||+1,15%||5||-4|
|Progressive Socialist Party of Ukraine||12614||1,73%||-7|
|Party of Pensioners of Ukraine||11133||1,53%|
|Front for Change||8281||1,13%|
|Against all Invalid ballots||57552||7.89%|
Crimean parliamentary election 2006
|Bloc "For Yanukovych!" (Блок "За Януковича!")||324,710||32.55||44|
|Krym of Kunitsyn's Electoral Bloc (Блок Куніцина)||75,391||7.63||10|
|Communist Party of Ukraine (Комуністична партія України)||65,341||6.55||9|
|Yulia Tymoshenko Electoral Bloc (Блок Юлії Тимошенко)||60,153||6.03||8|
|People's Opposition Bloc of Natalia Vitrenko (Блок Наталії Вітренко)||49,579||4.97||7|
|Opposition Bloc "Ne Tak" (Опозиційний блок "НЕ ТАК!")||30,825||3.09||4|
|Lytvyn's People's Bloc (Народний блок Литвина)||19,153||1.92||-|
|Bloc Our Ukraine (Блок Наша Україна)||12,369||1.24||-|
|Socialist Party of Ukraine (Соціалістична партія України)||9,576||0.96||-|
Crimean presidential election (1994)
|Candidates — nominating parties||Votes first round||%||Votes second round||%|
|Yuriy Meshkov — Bloc "Russia"||557,226||38.50||1,040,888||72.92|
|Mykola Bahrov — (supported by Mejlis)||254,042||17.55||333,243||23.35|
|Serhiy Shuvainykov — Russian Party of Crimea||196,324||13.56|
|Leonid Hrach — Communist Party of Ukraine||176,330||12.80|
|Ivan Yermakov — Ukrainian president representative in Sevastopol||90,347||6.22|
|Volodymyr Verkoshansky — self-nomination||14,205||0.98|
- Update: Ukraine's Yanukovych to be sworn in on Feb. 25, Kyiv Post (16 February 2010)
Regions Party planning to sign memorandum on cooperation with Communist Party of China, Kyiv Post (14 September 2010)
- The Crimea wants to protect majority principle, Den (7 October 2003)
Crimea prepares amendments to Constitution, ForUm (21 January 2013)
- Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia 2004, Routledge, 2003, ISBN 1857431871 (page 540)
- (Ukrainian) "Мовний" закон Колесніченка-Ківалова нічого не дав Криму "Language" law Kolesnichenko-Kivalov gave Crimea nothing, Ukrayinska Pravda (27 March 2013)
- Regions Party gets 80 of 100 seats on Crimean parliament, Interfax Ukraine (11 November 2010)
- "Council of Ministers of the ARC" (in Ukrainian). Portal "Autonomous Republic of Crimea". Retrieved 2009-04-09.
- "Constitution of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea" (in Russian). Official site of the Verkhovna Rada of Crimea. Retrieved 2009-04-06.