Politics of El Salvador

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Coats of arms of El Salvador.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
El Salvador

Politics of El Salvador takes place in land a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of El Salvador is both head of state and head of government, and of a two-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government.

Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Legislative Assembly. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

Political parties and elections[edit]

For other political parties see List of political parties in El Salvador. An overview on elections and election results is included in Elections in El Salvador.

Key political parties in El Salvador include ARENA and the FMLN.

Executive branch[edit]

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
President Salvador Sánchez Cerén Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front 1 June 2014

El Salvador elects its head of state – the President of El Salvador – directly through a fixed-date general election whose winner is decided by absolute majority. If an absolute majority (50% + 1) is not achieved by any candidate in the first round of a presidential election, then a run-off pool election is conducted 30 days later between the two candidates who obtained the most votes in the first round. The presidential period is five years, and re-election is not permitted.

Legislative branch[edit]

Salvadorans also elect a single-chamber, unicameral national legislature – the Legislative Assembly of El Salvador – of 84 members (deputies) elected by closed-list proportional representation for three-year terms, with the possibility of immediate re-election. Twenty of the 84 seats in the Legislative Assembly are elected on the basis of a single national constituency. The remaining 64 are elected in 14 multi-member constituencies (corresponding to the country's 14 departments) that range from 3-16 seats each according to department population size

Judicial branch[edit]


External links[edit]