Politics of Marche

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Flag of Marche.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Marche

The Politics of Marche, Italy, takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of the Region is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in the Regional Council, while executive power is exercised by the Regional Government led by the President, who is directly elected by the people. The current Statute has been in force since 2005.

Although many local authorities of Marche, as all Italy, were ruled the Liberal-conservative coalition that governed the country prior to the rise of Fascism, the region was also one of the regions in which the Italian Socialist Party had a great success. In the 1924 general election, which led Italy to dictatorship, Marche was one of the few regions which did not return an absolute majority to the National Fascist Party during the which led Italy to dictatorship. After World War II Marche became a stronghold of the Italian Communist Party as a member of the Red Quadrilateral.

Traditionally, Marche gives progressives results during elections, reflecting its agricoltural and rural tradition. The Communists and their successors (the Democratic Party of the Left, the Democrats of the Left and the present-day Democratic Party) always won in the region. Although at the 2013 general election, the anti-political Five Star Movement became the first party in the region.

Executive[edit]

Main article: President of Marche

The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President and the Ministers (Assessori), who are currently 11, including a Vice President.[1]

2010–2015 composition[edit]

Party Members
Democratic Party President and 6 assessors
Italy of Values 2 assessors
Union of the Centre 2 assessors

List of Presidents[edit]

Flag of Marche.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Marche

This is the list of Presidents of Marche since 1970.

President of Marche (1970-present)[edit]

# Portrait Name
(Birth-death)
Term in office Party Coalition Legislatura
1 Coat of arms of Marche.svg Giuseppe Serrini
(–)
1 August 1970 19 December 1972 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
1 August 1970 – 19 December 1972
I (1970)
2 Coat of arms of Marche.svg Dino Tiberi
(1923–2013)
19 December 1972 10 September 1975 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
19 December 1972 – 10 September 1975
3 Coat of arms of Marche.svg Adriano Ciaffi
(1936–)
10 September 1975 7 September 1978 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
10 September 1975 – 7 September 1978
II (1975)
4 Coat of arms of Marche.svg Emidio Massi
(1922–)
7 September 1978 12 May 1985 Italian Socialist Party DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
7 September 1978– 12 May 1985
III (1980)
12 May 1985 22 July 1990 DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
12 May 1985 – 22 July 1990
IV (1985)
5 Coat of arms of Marche.svg Rodolfo Giampaoli
(–)
22 July 1990 29 July 1993 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
22 July 1990 – 19 July 1993
V (1990)
6 Coat of arms of Marche.svg Gaetano Recchi
(1934–)
29 July 1993 19 June 1995 Italian Socialist Party DC - PSI - Greens
29 July 1993 – 19 June 1995
Elected presidents (1995-present)
7 Coat of arms of Marche.svg Vito D'Ambrosio
(1943–)
19 June 1995 15 May 2000 Democratic Party of the Left then
Democrats of the Left
PDS - PRC - Greens - PRI
19 June 1995 – 15 May 2000
VI (1995)
15 May 2000 26 April 2005 DS - PPI - Dem - PRC - PdCI - Greens - UDEUR
15 May 2000 – 26 April 2005
VII (2000)
8 GianMarioSpacca.jpg Gian Mario Spacca
(1953–)
26 April 2005 8 April 2010 The Daisy then
Democratic Party
DL - DS - PRC - PdCI - Greens - UDEUR
26 April 2005 – 8 April 2010
VIII (2005)
8 April 2010 Incumbent PD - IdV - UDC - API - Greens
8 April 2010 – Incumbent
IX (2010)

Legislative branch[edit]

The Regional Council of Marche (Consiglio Regionale della Marche) is composed of 40 members. 32 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 8 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 4 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 36. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.[2]

The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent prevision introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.[3]

2010–2015 composition[edit]

Distribution of Seats in the Regional Council
Political Group 2010 Now
Democratic Party 15 15
The People of Freedom 12 10
Italy of Values 4 4
Union of the Centre 3 3
Lega Nord 2 2
Left Ecology Freedom 1 1
Communist Refoundation Party 1 1
Alliance for Italy 1 1
Greens 1 1
Future and Freedom for Italy - 2

Local government[edit]

Provinces[edit]

Marche is divided in five provinces, which were first established in 1861. The centre-left Democratic Party governs four provinces out of five, including Macerata, whose president is a member of the Union of the Centre, and Fermo, whose president is a member of Left Ecology Freedom, a left-wing outfit.

Province Inhabitants established President Party Election
Ancona 481,028 1861 Patrizia Casagrande Esposto, commissioner Democratic Party 2007
Pesaro and Urbino 364,896 1861 Matteo Ricci Democratic Party 2009
Macerata 324,188 1861 Antonio Pettinari Union of the Centre 2011
Ascoli Piceno 214,014 1861 Piero Celani The People of Freedom 2009
Fermo 177,993 2009 Fabrizio Cesetti Left Ecology Freedom 2009

Municipalities[edit]

Marche is also divided in 239 comuni (municipalities), which have even more history, having been established in the Middle Ages, when they were the main places of government. The centre-left Democratic Party is widely the strongest party in local government, having the majority of mayors throughout the region.

Municipality Inhabitants Mayor Party Election
Ancona 102,500 Valeria Mancinelli Democratic Party 2013
Pesaro 98,438 Luca Ceriscioli Democratic Party 2009
Fano 63,922 Stefano Aguzzi The People of Freedom 2009
Ascoli Piceno 51,168 Guido Castelli The People of Freedom 2009
San Benedetto del Tronto 48,036 Giovanni Gaspari Democratic Party 2011
Senigallia 44,673 Maurizio Mangialardi Democratic Party 2010
Macerata 43,000 Romano Carancini Democratic Party 2010
Jesi 40,502 Massimo Bacci Civic list 2012
Civitanova Marche 40,400 Tommaso Claudio Corvatta Democratic Party 2012
Fermo 37,869 Nella Brambatti Democratic Party 2011

Parties and elections[edit]

Latest regional election[edit]

In the latest regional election, which took place on 28–29 March 2010, Gian Mario Spacca of the Democratic Party, supported also by the Union of the Centre and Alliance for Italy, defeated by a comfortable margin his centre-right opponent Erminio Marinelli and, thus, secured a second consecutive term as President.

Candidates & parties votes votes (%) seats
Gian Mario Spacca 409,823 53.17 25
Democratic Party 224,897 31.12 15
Italy of Values 65,536 9.07 4
Union of the Centre 41,989 5.81 3
Reformist Alliance (PSIMREUPC) 19,701 2.73 1
Alliance for Italy 14,554 2.01 1
Federation of the Greens 12,641 1.75 1
Civic Lists 6,274 0.87 0
Erminio Marinelli 306,075 39.71 14
The People of Freedom 225,472 31.20 12
Lega Nord Marche 45,726 6.33 2
Together for the President 9,555 1.32 1
The Right 9.178 1.27 2
Massimo Rossi 54,851 7.12 2
Federation of the Left 27,975 3.87 1
Left Ecology Freedom 19,108 2.64 1
Total 770,750 100.00 41

Source: La Repubblica

References[edit]

External links[edit]