Politics of Marche
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politics and government of
The Politics of Marche, Italy, takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of the Region is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in the Regional Council, while executive power is exercised by the Regional Government led by the President, who is directly elected by the people. The current Statute has been in force since 2005.
Although many local authorities of Marche, as all Italy, were ruled the Liberal-conservative coalition that governed the country prior to the rise of Fascism, the region was also one of the regions in which the Italian Socialist Party had a great success. In the 1924 general election, which led Italy to dictatorship, Marche was one of the few regions which did not return an absolute majority to the National Fascist Party during the which led Italy to dictatorship. After World War II Marche became a stronghold of the Italian Communist Party as a member of the Red Quadrilateral.
Traditionally, Marche gives progressives results during elections, reflecting its agricoltural and rural tradition. The Communists and their successors (the Democratic Party of the Left, the Democrats of the Left and the present-day Democratic Party) always won in the region. Although at the 2013 general election, the anti-political Five Star Movement became the first party in the region.
The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President and the Ministers (Assessori), who are currently 11, including a Vice President.
|Democratic Party||President and 6 assessors|
|Italy of Values||2 assessors|
|Union of the Centre||2 assessors|
List of Presidents
|Presidents of Marche|
|Giuseppe Serrini||DC||1970–1972||I Legislature|
|Dino Tiberi||DC||1972–1975||I Legislature|
|Adriano Ciaffi||DC||1975–1978||II Legislature|
|Emidio Massi||DC||1978–1990||II-III-IV Legislatures|
|Rodolfo Giampaoli||DC||1990–1993||V Legislature|
|Gaetano Recchi||DC/PPI||1993–1995||V Legislature|
|Vito D'Ambrosio||PDS/DS||1995–2005||VI-VII Legislatures|
|Gian Mario Spacca||DL/PD||since 2005||VIII-XI Legislatures|
The Regional Council of Marche (Consiglio Regionale della Marche) is composed of 40 members. 32 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 8 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 4 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 36. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.
The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent prevision introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.
|Distribution of Seats in the Regional Council|
|The People of Freedom||12||10|
|Italy of Values||4||4|
|Union of the Centre||3||3|
|Left Ecology Freedom||1||1|
|Communist Refoundation Party||1||1|
|Alliance for Italy||1||1|
|Future and Freedom for Italy||-||2|
|This section is outdated. (June 2014)|
Marche is divided in five provinces, which were first established in 1861. The centre-left Democratic Party governs four provinces out of five, including Macerata, whose president is a member of the Union of the Centre, and Fermo, whose president is a member of Left Ecology Freedom, a left-wing outfit.
|Ancona||481,028||1861||Patrizia Casagrande Esposto, commissioner||Democratic Party||2007|
|Pesaro and Urbino||364,896||1861||Matteo Ricci||Democratic Party||2009|
|Macerata||324,188||1861||Antonio Pettinari||Union of the Centre||2011|
|Ascoli Piceno||214,014||1861||Piero Celani||The People of Freedom||2009|
|Fermo||177,993||2009||Fabrizio Cesetti||Left Ecology Freedom||2009|
|This section is outdated. (June 2014)|
Marche is also divided in 239 comuni (municipalities), which have even more history, having been established in the Middle Ages, when they were the main places of government. The centre-left Democratic Party is widely the strongest party in local government, having the majority of mayors throughout the region.
|Ancona||102,500||Valeria Mancinelli||Democratic Party||2013|
|Pesaro||98,438||Luca Ceriscioli||Democratic Party||2009|
|Fano||63,922||Stefano Aguzzi||The People of Freedom||2009|
|Ascoli Piceno||51,168||Guido Castelli||The People of Freedom||2009|
|San Benedetto del Tronto||48,036||Giovanni Gaspari||Democratic Party||2011|
|Senigallia||44,673||Maurizio Mangialardi||Democratic Party||2010|
|Macerata||43,000||Romano Carancini||Democratic Party||2010|
|Jesi||40,502||Massimo Bacci||Civic list||2012|
|Civitanova Marche||40,400||Tommaso Claudio Corvatta||Democratic Party||2012|
|Fermo||37,869||Nella Brambatti||Democratic Party||2011|
Parties and elections
Latest regional election
In the latest regional election, which took place on 28–29 March 2010, Gian Mario Spacca of the Democratic Party, supported also by the Union of the Centre and Alliance for Italy, defeated by a comfortable margin his centre-right opponent Erminio Marinelli and, thus, secured a second consecutive term as President.
|Candidates & parties||votes||votes (%)||seats|
|Gian Mario Spacca||409,823||53.17||25|
|Italy of Values||65,536||9.07||4|
|Union of the Centre||41,989||5.81||3|
|Reformist Alliance (PSI–MRE–UPC)||19,701||2.73||1|
|Alliance for Italy||14,554||2.01||1|
|Federation of the Greens||12,641||1.75||1|
|The People of Freedom||225,472||31.20||12|
|Lega Nord Marche||45,726||6.33||2|
|Together for the President||9,555||1.32||1|
|Federation of the Left||27,975||3.87||1|
|Left Ecology Freedom||19,108||2.64||1|
Source: La Repubblica