Politics of Montenegro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coat of arms of Montenegro.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Montenegro
Constitution

Politics of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Политика Црне Горе, Tr. Politika Crne Gore) takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Montenegro is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Parliament of Montenegro. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

Constitution[edit]

The current Constitution of Montenegro was ratified and adopted by the Constitutional Parliament of Montenegro on 19 October 2007. The Constitution was officially proclaimed as the Constitution of Montenegro on 22 October 2007. This Constitution replaced the Constitution of 1992.

The new Constitution defines Montenegro as a civic, democratic and environmentally friendly country with social justice, established by the sovereign rights of its government.

Executive branch[edit]

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
President Filip Vujanović Democratic Party of Socialists 22 March 2003
Prime Minister Milo Đukanović Democratic Party of Socialists 4 December 2012

The current Government of the Republic of Montenegro (Влада Републике Црне Горе, Vlada Republike Crne Gore) comprises the prime minister, the deputy prime ministers as well as ministers. Igor Lukšić is the Prime Minister of Montenegro and head of the Government. The ruling entity in Montenegro is the Coalition for a European Montenegro, headed by Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro (DPS) (Демократска Партија Социјалиста Црне Горе).

2012 Election[edit]

With nearly all votes counted after the election on 14 October 2012, the alliance of Milo Djukanovic's Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) and two small parties looked set to get 39 seats in the 81-seat parliament.[1]

President[edit]

The President of Montenegro is elected for a period of five years through direct and secret ballots. The President:

  • Represents Montenegro in the country and abroad
  • Promulgates laws
  • Calls for Parliamentary elections
  • Proposes to the Parliament a candidate for Prime Minister, as well as for the president and justices of the Constitutional Court
  • Proposes the holding of a referendum
  • Grants pardons
  • Confers honors and decorations

Government[edit]

The Government of Montenegro is appointed by majority vote of the Parliament. The Government:

  • Formulates and conducts foreign policy
  • Adopts decrees and other regulations
  • Implements laws
  • Concludes international treaties
  • Establishes the organization and the mode of operation of the government administration
  • Performs other duties as laid down in the Constitution

Prime minister[edit]

The Prime Minister of Montenegro directs the work of the Government, and submits to the Parliament the Government's Program including a list of proposed ministers. The resignation of the Prime Minister will cause the fall of the Government.

Legislative branch[edit]

The Parliament of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Скупштина Црне Горе, Skupština Crne Gore) is the legislature of Montenegro. The Parliament currently has 81 members, each elected for a four-year term. Montenegro has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

The Assembly passes all laws in Montenegro, ratifies international treaties, appoints the Prime Minister, ministers, and justices of all courts, adopts the budget and performs other duties as established by the Constitution. The Parliament can pass a vote of no-confidence on the Government by a majority of the members. One deputy is elected per 6,000 voters, which in turn results in a reduction of total number of deputies in the Assembly of Montenegro.

Political parties and elections[edit]

For other political parties see List of political parties in Montenegro. An overview on elections and election results is included in Elections in Montenegro.
e • d Summary of the 6 April 2008 Montenegrin presidential election results
Candidates Party Votes %
Filip Vujanović (Филип Вујановић) Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro (Демократска партија социјалиста Црне Горе) 171,118 51.89
Andrija Mandić (Андрија Мандић) Serb List (Српска листа) 64,473 19.55
Nebojša Medojević (Небојша Медојевић) Movement for Changes (Покрет за промјене) 54,874 16.64
Srđan Milić (Срђан Милић) Socialist People's Party of Montenegro (Социјалистичка народна партија Црне Горе) 39,316 11.92
Valid votes 329,781 98.6
Total (turnout 68.2%) 336,900 100.0
Source: Adam Carr
e • d Summary of the 29 March 2009 Assembly of the Republic of Montenegro election results
List Votes  % Seats +/–
Main Albanian
European MontenegroMilo Đukanović (Европска Црна Гора – Мило Ђукановић) 168,290 51.94 47 1 +5
SNP – Socialist People's Party of MontenegroSrđan Milić (СНП – Социјалистичка народна партија Црне Горе – Срђан Милић) 54,545 16.83 16 +8
New Serb DemocracyAndrija Mandić (Нова српска демократија – Андрија Мандић) 29,885 9.22 8 +8
Movement for Changes – We Can – Nebojša Medojević (Покрет за промјене – Можемо – Небојша Медојевић) 19,546 6.03 5 –6
People's Coalition – People's Party and Democratic Serb Party (Народњачка коалиција – Народна странка и Демократска српска странка) 9,448 2.92 0 –3
Coalition of the Liberal Party and the Democratic Centre – "For a Different Montenegro" – Dr Goran Batrićević (Коалиција Либералне партије и Демократског центра – „За другачију Црну Гору“ – др Горан Батрићевић) 8,777 2.71 0 –1
Party of Pensioners and Disabled People of Montenegro (Странка пензионера и инвалида Црне Горе) 7,691 2.37
UDSH – DUA Ferhat Dinosha (UDSH – ДУА Ферхат Диноша) 4,747 1.46 1 ±0
Serb National List (Српска национална листа) 4,291 1.32 0 –2
"Bosniacs and Muslims Together, as One" („Бошњаци и Муслимани заједно, једно“) 3,489 1.08
FORCANazif Cungu (ФОРЦА – Назиф Цунгу) 2,939 1.91 1 +1
Albanian List: Democratic League in MontenegroMehmet Bardhi & Albanian AlternativeGjergj Camaj (Албанска листа – Lista Shqiptare: Демократски савез у Црној Гори – Lidhja Demokratike në Mal të Zi – Мехмет Бардли & Албанска алтернатива – Alternativa Shqiptare – Ђерђ Чамај) 2,898 0.89 1 –1
"Albanian Coalition – Perspective" („Албанска коалиција – Перспектива“ "Koalicioni Shqiptar – Perspektiva") 2,619 0.81 1 +1
Fatherland Serbian Party – Docent Dr Aleksandar Stamatović – "For the True Serbs" (Отаџбинска српска странка – Доцент др Александар Стаматовић – „За истинске Србе“) 2,446 0.75
Montenegrin Communists (Црногорски комунисти) 1,594 0.49
Party of Democratic Prosperity (Партија демократског просперитета – Partia e Prosperitetit Demokratik) 805 0.25
Valid votes 323,990 100 76 5
Total (turnout 66.19%; –5.18%) 329,818

Judicial branch[edit]

Montenegro follows the principle of division of powers. Its judicial, legislative, and executive branches are independent of each other. The judiciary is autonomous and independent. The rulings of the courts must be in accordance with the Constitution and the laws of Montenegro. Appointment to a judiciary position is permanent.

Subdivisions[edit]

Montenegro is divided in 21 municipalities.

Symbols[edit]

A new official flag of Montenegro was adopted on July 12, 2004 by the Montenegrin legislature. The new flag is based on the personal standard of King Nikola I of Montenegro. This flag was all red with a gold border, a gold coat of arms, and the initials "НИ" in Cyrillic script (corresponding to NI in Latin script) representing King Nikola I. These initials are omitted from the modern flag.

The national day of 13 July marks the date in 1878 when the Congress of Berlin recognised Montenegro as the 27th independent state in the world and the start of the first popular uprising in Europe against the Axis Powers on 13 July 1941 in Montenegro.

In 2004, the Montenegrin legislature selected a popular Montenegrin folk song, "Oh the Bright Dawn of May", as the national anthem. Montenegro's official anthem during the reign of King Nikola was Ubavoj nam Crnoj Gori (To our beautiful Montenegro). The music was composed by the King's son Knjaz Mirko.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vasovic and Komnenic, Aleksandar and Petar. "Montenegro's winners seek partners to form government". Reuters. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 

External links[edit]