Politics of Montserrat

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Politics of Montserrat takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic dependency, whereby the Chief Minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Montserrat is an internally self-governing overseas territory of the United Kingdom. The United Nations Committee on Decolonization includes Montserrat on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Legislative Council. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Military defence is the responsibility of the United Kingdom.

Executive branch[edit]

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
Queen Elizabeth II 6 February 1952
Governor Adrian Davis 11 April 2011
Premier Reuben Meade MCAP 10 September 2009

The governor is appointed by the monarch. The Premier is appointed by the governor from among the members of the Legislative Council.

His cabinet, the Executive Council, is appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the Legislative Council and consists also of the Executive Council of the governor, the attorney general, and the finance secretary.

The current Premier of the island is Reuben Meade, of the Movement for Change and Prosperity, replacing the outgoing Chief Minister, Lowell Lewis of the Montserrat Democratic Party.

On 13 October 2010, the Queen approved the Montserrat Constitution Order 2010, which replaces the office of Chief Minister with the office of Premier. The first premier will be the chief minister in office on the date the Order comes into force, expected to be later this year. A Cabinet will replace the Executive Council and will likewise consist of the premier, the attorney-general, the financial secretary, and three other ministers. One of the Cabinet members aside from the Premier must be appointed Deputy Premier to act as Premier when the latter office is vacant or when the Premier is absent from Montserrat.

Legislative branch[edit]

Montserrat elects on territorial level a legislature. The Legislative Council has 9 members, elected for a five year term in one constituency.

Political parties and elections[edit]

For other political parties see List of political parties in Montserrat. An overview on elections and election results is included in Elections in Montserrat.
e • d Summary of the 31 May 2006 Legislative Council of Montserrat election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Movement for Change and Prosperity 36.1 4
New People's Liberation Party 29.4 3
Montserrat Democratic Party 24.4 1
Independents 10.1 1
Total (turnout: %) 100.0 9

Judicial branch[edit]

The Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court, consists of the High Court of Justice and the Court of Appeal (one judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of Montserrat.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Montserrat is divided in 3 parishes; Saint Anthony, Saint Georges, and Saint Peter.

International organization participation[edit]

Caricom, CDB, ECLAC (associate), ICFTU, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, WCL