Politics of Odisha

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Politics in Odisha takes place within a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic, where the Union Government of India exercises sovereign rights with certain powers reserved to the states of India including Odisha. The state has a multi-party system where the two main parties are the centrist and secularist Indian National Congress (INC) and the regional socialist party Biju Janata Dal (BJD). The national party Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has increased in recent years. The Governor of Odisha is appointed by the Union Government and can, in some circumstances, dismiss the state government.

Chief ministers[edit]

Since independence, the Chief Ministers of Odisha have been:

Key:
No.: Incumbent No.

No. Name Took office Left office Term[1][2] Political party
1 Harekrushna Mahatab 15 August 1947 12 May 1950 1 Indian National Congress
2 Nabakrushna Choudhury 12 May 1950 19 October 1956 1st: 12 May 1950–20 Feb 1952
2nd: 20 Feb 1952–19 Oct 1956
Indian National Congress
(1) Harekrushna Mahatab 19 October 1956 25 February 1961 2nd: 19 Oct 1956–06 Apr 1957
3rd: 06 Apr 1957–22 May 1959
4th: 22 May 1959–25 Feb 1961
Indian National Congress
3 Biju Pattanaik 23 June 1961 2 October 1963 1 Indian National Congress
4 Biren Mitra 2 October 1963 21 February 1965 1 Indian National Congress
5 Sadashiva Tripathy 21 February 1965 8 March 1967 1 Indian National Congress
6 Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo 8 March 1967 9 January 1971 1 Swatantra Party and Orissa Jana Congress
7 Biswanath Das 3 April 1971 14 June 1972 1 United Front (Swatantra Party + Utkal Congress + Jharkhand Party)
8 Nandini Satpathy 14 June 1972 3 March 1973 1st: 14 Jun 1972–03 Mar 1973
2nd: 06 Mar 1974–16 Dec 1976
Indian National Congress
9 Binayak Acharya 29 December 1976 30 April 1977 1 Indian National Congress
10 Nilamani Routray 26 June 1977 17 February 1980 1 Janata Party
11 Janaki Ballabh Pattanaik 9 June 1980 7 December 1989 1st: 09 Jun 1980–10 Mar 1985
2nd: 10 Mar 1985–07 Dec 1989
Indian National Congress
12 Hemananda Biswal 7 December 1989 5 March 1990 1 Indian National Congress
(3) Biju Pattanaik 5 March 1990 15 March 1995 2 Janata Dal
(11) Janaki Ballabh Pattanaik 15 March 1995 17 February 1999 3 Indian National Congress
13 Giridhar Gamang 17 February 1999 6 December 1999 1 Indian National Congress
(12) Hemananda Biswal 6 December 1999 5 March 2000 2 Indian National Congress
14 Naveen Patnaik 5 March 2000 present 1st: 05 Mar 2000–16 May 2004
2nd: 16 May 2004–21 May 2009
3rd: 21 May 2009– 3rd term in progress
Biju Janata Dal

Elections[edit]

The most recent election was held in 2009. Biju Janata Dal came back to power with a thumping majority by winning 103 seats out of 147 seats. Their former coalition allies, the BJP, won only six seats. The opposition INC also lost 11 seats compared to 2004 elections and was the second largest party.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The ordinal number of the term being served by the person specified in the row in the corresponding period
  2. ^ "Brief History of Orissa Legislative Assembly Since 1937". ws.ori.nic.in. 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2012. "NAME OF THE CHIEF MINISTERS OF ORISSA" 

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