Politics of Rhineland-Palatinate

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The politics of Rhineland-Palatinate takes place within a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic, where the Federal Government of Germany exercises sovereign rights with certain powers reserved to the states of Germany including Rhineland-Palatinate. The state has a multi-party system where the two main parties are the rightist Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the leftist Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD).

Every five years, all Germans residing in the State over the age of 18 elect the members of the Rhineland-Palatinate Landtag. This regional parliament or legislature then elects the Minister-President and confirms the cabinet members. Rhineland-Palatinate is the only German Bundesland to have a cabinet minister for winegrowing (ministry of economy, traffic, agriculture and winegrowing)

List of Minister-presidents of Rhineland-Palatinate[edit]

See also: Kabinett Dreyer

Latest election[edit]

In the election, the SPD suffered large loss, falling by 10% of the vote and winning only one seat more than the Christian Democratic Union. The main winners were Alliance '90/The Greens, who surged to over 15% of the vote, having failed to even break through the 5% threshold in 2006. In 2011, however, the Free Democratic Party failed to break through 5%, and thus lost the 10 seats they'd won in 2006.

e • d Summary of the 27 March 2011 election results for the Landtag of Rhineland-Palatinate
Party Vote % (change) Seats (change) Seat %
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 35.7% –9.9 42 –11 41.6%
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 35.2% +2.4 41 +3 40.6%
Alliance '90/The Greens (Die Grünen) 15.4% +10.8 18 +18 17.8%
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 4.2% –3.8 0 –10
The Left Party (Linke, formerly WASG) 3.0% +0.4 0 ±0
Free Voters 2.3% +0.7 0 ±0
Pirate Party Germany 1.6% +1.6 0 N/A
National Democratic Party of Germany 1.1% –0.1 0 ±0
Others 3.1% +1.2 0
Total 101