Politics of Umbria

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politics and government of
Umbria

The Politics of Umbria, one of the twenty regions of Italy, takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of the Region is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in the Regional Council of Umbria, while executive power is exercised by the Regional Cabinet led by the President, who is directly elected by the people. The current Statute is in force since 2005.

After World War II Umbria became a stronghold of the Italian Communist Party and of its successors: the Democratic Party of the Left, the Democrats of the Left and finally the Democratic Party.

Legislative branch[edit]

The Regional Council of Umbria (Consiglio Regionale dell'Umbria) is composed of 30 members. 24 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 6 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 3 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 26. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.[1]

The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent prevision introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.[2]

2010–2015 composition[edit]

Distribution of Seats in the Regional Council
Political Group Leader 2010 Now
Democratic Party Renato Locchi 13 13
The People of Freedom Raffaele Nevi 8 8
Lega Nord Gianluca Cirignoni 1 1
Italy of Values Oliviero Bruno Dottorini 2 2
Union of the Centre Sandra Monacelli 2 2
Federation of the Left Damiano Stufara 2 2
Italian Socialist Party Massimo Buconi 2 2

Executive branch[edit]

The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President and the members (Assessori), who are currently 9, including a Vice President.[3]

2010–2015 composition[edit]

Party Members
Democratic Party President and a 5 assessors
Italy of Values 1 assessor
Federation of the Left 1 assessor
Italian Socialist Party 1 assessor

List of Presidents[edit]


Presidents of Umbria
President Party Term Legislature
Pietro Conti PCI 1970–1975 I Legislature
Pietro Conti PCI 1975–1976 II Legislature
Germano Marri PCI 1976–1980 II Legislature
Germano Marri PCI 1980–1985 III Legislature
Germano Marri PCI 1985–1987 IV Legislature
Francesco Mandarini PCI 1987–1990 IV Legislature
Francesco Mandarini PCI/PDS 1990–1992 V Legislature
Francesco Ghirelli PDS 1992–1993 V Legislature
Claudio Carnieri PDS 1993–1995 V Legislature
Bruno Bracalente PDS/DS 1995–2000 VI Legislature
Maria Rita Lorenzetti DS 2000–2005 VII Legislature
Maria Rita Lorenzetti DS/PD 2005–2010 VIII Legislature
Catiuscia Marini PD since 2010 IX Legislature

Local government[edit]

Provinces[edit]

Umbria is divided in two provinces, which have been a traditional heartland of the left, from the Italian Communist Party to the current Democratic Party.

Province Inhabitants President Party Election
Perugia 671,821 Marco Vinicio Giustacchi Democratic Party 2009
Terni 234,665 Feliciano Poli Democratic Party 2009

Municipalities[edit]

Umbria is also divided in 92 comuni (municipalities), most of which were established in the Middle Ages. A large majority of them are controlled by the Democratic Party.

Municipality Inhabitants Mayor Party Election
Perugia 168,169 Wladimiro Boccali Democratic Party 2009
Terni 113,324 Leopoldo De Girolamo Democratic Party 2009
Foligno 58,162 Nando Mismetti Democratic Party 2009
Città di Castello 40,567 Luciano Bacchetta Democratic Party 2011
Spoleto 39,574 Daniele Benedetti Democratic Party 2009
Gubbio 32,998 Daniele Guerini Democratic Party 2011
Assisi 28,143 Claudio Ricci The People of Freedom 2011
Orvieto 21,130 Antonio Concina The People of Freedom 2009
Narni 20,331 Francesco De Rebotti Democratic Party 2012

Parties and elections[edit]

Last regional election[edit]

In the last regional election, which took place on 28–29 March 2010, Catiuscia Marini (Democratic Party) defeated Fiammetta Modena (The People of Freedom) by a landslide.


Candidates & parties votes votes (%) seats
reg. list
seats
prov. lists
Catiuscia Marini 257,458 57.2 6 13
Democratic Party 149,219 36.2 9
Italy of Values 34,393 8.3 1
Federation of the Left 28,331 6.9 2
Italian Socialist Party 17,167 4.2 1
Left Ecology Freedom 13,980 3.4 -
Fiammetta Modena 169,568 37.7 1 9
The People of Freedom 133,531 32.4 8
Lega Nord Umbria 17,887 4.3 1
Paola Binetti 22,756 5.0 1 -
Union of the Centre 18,072 4.4 -
Total 449,782 100.0 11 19

Source: Ministry of the Interior – Historical Archive of Elections

References[edit]

External links[edit]