The Politics of Umbria, one of the twenty regions of Italy, takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of the Region is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in the Regional Council of Umbria, while executive power is exercised by the Regional Cabinet led by the President, who is directly elected by the people. The current Statute is in force since 2005.
After World War II Umbria became a stronghold of the Italian Communist Party and of its successors: the Democratic Party of the Left, the Democrats of the Left and finally the Democratic Party.
Legislative branch 
The Regional Council of Umbria (Consiglio Regionale dell'Umbria) is composed of 30 members. 24 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 6 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 3 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 26. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.
The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent prevision introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.
2010–2015 composition 
Executive branch 
The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President and the members (Assessori), who are currently 9, including a Vice President.
2010–2015 composition 
List of Presidents 
Local government 
Umbria is divided in two provinces, which have been a traditional heartland of the left, from the Italian Communist Party to the current Democratic Party.
Umbria is also divided in 92 comuni (municipalities), most of which were established in the Middle Ages. A large majority of them are controlled by the Democratic Party.
Parties and elections 
Last regional election 
In the last regional election, which took place on 28–29 March 2010, Catiuscia Marini (Democratic Party) defeated Fiammetta Modena (The People of Freedom) by a landslide.
|Candidates & parties
|Italy of Values
|Federation of the Left
|Italian Socialist Party
|Left Ecology Freedom
|The People of Freedom
|Lega Nord Umbria
|Union of the Centre
Source: Ministry of the Interior – Historical Archive of Elections
External links