|Owner(s)||Politiken Fonden (88.4%)
Ellen Hørups Fond (4.4%)
|Publisher||JP/Politikens Hus A/S|
|Founded||1 October 1884|
|Political alignment||Social liberal|
Politiken (Danish for "politics", Danish pronunciation: [poliˈtiɡən]) is a leading Danish daily broadsheet newspaper, published by JP/Politikens Hus. It was founded in 1884 and played a role in the formation of the Danish Social Liberal Party. Since 1970 it has been independent of the party but maintains a liberal and centre-left stance. It now runs an online newspaper, politiken.dk. The paper's design has recently won several international awards, and a number of its journalists have won the Cavling Prize.
History and profile
Dagbladet Politiken was founded on 1 October 1884 in Copenhagen by Viggo Hørup, Edvard Brandes and Hermann Bing. Hørup and Brandes formed the newspaper after being fired as editors from the Morgenbladet over political differences. Hørup led the paper for fifteen years from its start in 1884. Politiken started with a daily circulation of 2,000 copies.
In 1904, the tabloid Ekstra Bladet was founded as a supplement to Politiken and was later spun off as an independent newspaper on 1 January 1905.
Politiken established its present location in central Copenhagen at The City Hall Square in 1912.
Politiken was published by Politikens Hus until 1 January 2003 when the company merged with Jyllands-Posten A/S to form JP/Politikens Hus. Thus, Jyllands-Posten became its sister paper. Politiken is published in broadsheet format.
The newspaper also publishes an international edition named Politiken Weekly which compiles the most important stories of the week for Danes living abroad.
On 28 April 1940, three weeks after the German invasion of Denmark, Politiken ran an editorial in which Winston Churchill was called "a dangerous man". The editorial was written by foreign affairs editor Einard Schou after a conversation in the editor-in-chief's office with chairman of the board and soon-to-be-again Danish foreign minister Erik Scavenius. The aim is thought to have been to please the German occupation force, though no other Danish newspaper took such steps at the time — usually it was enough to keep within the newly introduced censorship. This led to 15,000 readers – about 10% of subscribers – cancelling their subscriptions in protest.
Historically Politiken was connected to the Danish Social Liberal Party (Det Radikale Venstre), but the newspaper declared its political independence in 1970. Interestingly the newspaper is older than the party, making this a rare case of a newspaper starting a party rather than a party starting a newspaper. On the other hand, the paper has a radical social, liberal and centre-left stance.
In February 2010 the editor in chief at the time Tøger Seidenfaden apologized to anyone who was offended by the newspaper's decision to reprint the cartoon drawing by Kurt Westergaard depicting Muhammed with a bomb in his turban, which was originally published in Morgenavisen Jyllands-Posten. Seidenfaden explained that "Politiken has never intended to reprint the cartoon drawing as a statement of editorial opinion or values but merely as part of the newspaper's news coverage".
Politiken is one of Denmark's leading newspapers in terms of both circulated copies and number of readers. The paper had a circulation of 143,000 copies on weekdays and 185,000 copies on Sundays in the first quarter of 2000, making it the third best selling newspaper in the country. The circulation of the paper was 137,000 copies in 2003, making it again the third best selling newspaper in the country. In 2004 the paper had a circulation of 134,000 copies. The number of copies sold per day in the first half of 2012 were 97,820 on weekdays and Saturdays, and 120,411 on Sundays. The same year the number of readers were 375,000 on weekdays and Saturdays, and 479,000 readers on Sundays. The paper had a circulation of 88,597 copies.
Its online newspaper, politiken.dk, received around 800,000 monthly users in 2011 and was the tenth most viewed page among the members of the Association of Danish Interactive Media.
Internationally, Politiken has received recognition for its design through the form of several awards. In 2012 Politiken was declared 'World's Best' along with four other newspapers in a competition carried out by the Society for News Design. In 2014 the paper was chosen as one of Scandinavia’s best-designed newspapers in the Best of Scandinavian News Design competition.
The paper's design, format and brand was given as the reason, when a jury made up of journalists, scientists and experts in 2010 awarded Politiken with the European Newspaper Award. The paper was awarded the European Newspaper of the Year in the national newspaper category by the European Newspapers Congress in 2011.
The Cavling Award
Cavling award winners at Politiken:
- 1945 Henrik V. Ringsted
- 1946 Kristian Find (Findus)
- 1962 Jørgen Hartmann-Petersen (Habakuk)
- 1966 Herbert Pundik
- 1967 Sune Skallerup Sørensen
- 1968 Erik Nørgaard
- 1974 Anne Wolden-Ræthinge (Ninka)
- 1976 Inger Østergaard
- 1982 J. B. Holmgaard
- 1992 Svend Bjering Schmidt (Svenne)
- 2006 Miriam Dalsgaard (photographer) and Olav Hergel
Editors in chief
Politiken has had a number of editors in chief since its inception. In some periods there were more than one editor at a time, causing overlap.
- 1884–1901: Viggo Hørup
- 1901–1904: Edvard Brandes
- 1905–1927: Henrik Cavling
- 1927–1937: Valdemar Koppel
- 1937–1933: Ove Rode
- 1931–1959: Niels Hasager
- 1941–1963: Poul Graae
- 1946–1959: Hakon Stephensen
- 1959–1963: Svend Tillge-Rasmussen
- 1963–1966: Bo Bramsen
- 1963–1970: Ernst Priemé
- 1963–1971: Harald Engberg
- 1966–1971: Arne Ejbye-Ernst
- 1970–1993: Herbert Pundik
- 1971–1982: Bent Thorndahl
- 1981–1993: Agner Ahm
- 1981–1992: Jørgen Grunnet
- 1993–2011: Tøger Seidenfaden
- 2011–: Bo Lidegaard
- Anna B. Holm. "Discontinuities in Business Model Innovation of the Danish Newspaper Industry". Conferenga. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
- Bent Jensen (2001). "Foreigners in the Danish newspaper debate from the 1870s to the 1990s". The Rockwool Foundation Research Unit. Copenhagen. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
- (Danish) Politiken
- "Factsheet Denmark". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. January 2007. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- Bent Jensen (2008). The Unemployed in the Danish Newspaper Debate from the 1840s to the 1990s. Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
- "The Press in Denmark". BBC. 20 December 2005. Archived from the original on December 17, 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
- Tina Gudrun Jensen; Sara Jul Jacobsen; Kathrine Vitus; Kristina Weibel (March 2012). "Analysis of Danish Media setting and framing of Muslims, Islam and racism" (Working paper). Danish National Centre for Social Research. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
- Henrik Søndergaard; Rasmus Helles (October 2010). "Media policies and regulatory practices in a selected set of European countries, the EU and the Council of Europe: The case of Denmark" (Background information report). MEDIADEM. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
- "The 20 largest daily newspapers 2000". Danmarks Statistik. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- "World Press Trends". Paris: World Association of Newspapers. 2004. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- (Danish) Dansk Oplagskontrol
- Politiken er den største morgenavis Politiken. 3 September 2012. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- Læsertal TNS. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- "Top 20 daily paid-for newspapers in the Nordic countries 2013". Nordicom. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- Toplisten FDIM
- World’s Best: Politiken SND. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- "The Scandinavian News Design winners 2014". SNDS. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- Award 2010
- Award 2011 European Newspapers Congress. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- Jens Tønnesen. "Pressefotografforbundet: Jan Grarup forlader Politiken". Pressefotografforbundet.dk. Retrieved 27 February 2010.
- Politiken, Jørgen Grunnet død, 22 January 2009
- Bjørn Bredal, Politiken mod Politiken – Idékampe 1884–2009, Politikens Forlag, 2009. ISBN 978-87-567-9080-2.