Polk County, Missouri
|Polk County, Missouri|
Polk County Courthouse in Bolivar
Location in the state of Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 5, 1835|
|Named for||James K. Polk|
|• Total||642 sq mi (1,663 km2)|
|• Land||636 sq mi (1,647 km2)|
|• Water||6.9 sq mi (18 km2), 1.1%|
|• Density||49/sq mi (19/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Polk County is a county located in the southwestern portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 31,137. Its county seat is Bolivar. The county was founded January 5, 1835, and named for President James K. Polk.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Politics
- 5 Media
- 6 Communities
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Polk County was organized and separated from Greene County on January 5, 1835. Its original boundaries were later reduced to set up Dade, Dallas, and Hickory counties. The name was suggested by a local pioneer, Ezekiel Campbell, to honor his grandfather Ezekiel Polk who was a colonel in the Revolutionary War and an early settler in western Tennessee. When the legislature acted to create the county, however, they named it after another grandson, James K. Polk, who was the Speaker of the House in the U.S. House of Representatives at the time, and later, President.
- Hickory County (north)
- Dallas County (east)
- Greene County (south)
- Dade County (southwest)
- Cedar County (west)
- St. Clair County (northwest)
As of the census of 2000, there were 26,992 people, 9,917 households, and 7,140 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 11,183 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.26% White, 0.45% Black or African American, 0.67% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. Approximately 1.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 9,917 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.50% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 23.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 12.60% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $29,656, and the median income for a family was $35,843. Males had a median income of $25,383 versus $18,799 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,645. About 11.10% of families and 16.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.00% of those under age 18 and 12.00% of those age 65 or over.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (June 2014)|
The Republican Party completely controls politics at the local level in Polk County. Republicans hold all of the elected positions in the county.
|Polk County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Circuit Clerk||Vesta Seiner||Republican|
|County Clerk||Melinda Robertson||Republican|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Kenneth R. Ashlock||Republican|
|Public Administrator||Barbara Davolt||Republican|
|Surveyor||John R.M. Nelson||Republican|
|2008||45.76% 6,244||49.52% 6,758||4.72% 644|
|2004||67.84% 8,418||30.90% 3,835||1.56% 1.26|
|2000||58.65% 5,996||39.79% 4,068||1.55% 159|
|1996||55.64% 5,043||40.51% 3,672||3.85% 349|
Polk County is divided into two legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, both of which are represented by Republicans.
|Missouri House of Representatives – District 126 - Polk County (2010)|
- District 133 – Sue Entichler (R-Bolivar). Consists of the communities of Aldrich, Bolivar, Fair Play, Halfway, and Humansville.
|Missouri House of Representatives – District 133 - Polk County (2010)|
|Missouri Senate - District 28 - Polk County (2010)|
|Libertarian||Bennie B. Hatfield||1,292||13.56|
Polk County is split into two congressional districts at the federal level. Most of the county is included in Missouri’s 7th Congressional District and is currently represented by Billy Long (R-Springfield in the U.S. House of Representatives. The rest of the county lies in Missouri's 4th Congressional District and is currently represented by Vicky Hartzler (R-Harrisonville).
|U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri’s 7th Congressional District - Polk County (2010)|
|U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri’s 4th Congressional District - Polk County (2010)|
|Libertarian||Jason Michael Braun||118||4.94|
|2008||65.39% 8,956||33.24% 4,553||1.37% 188|
|2004||68.95% 8,586||30.31% 3,775||0.64% 92|
|2000||62.46% 6,430||35.03% 3,606||2.51% 258|
|1996||49.74 4,521||36.38% 3,307||13.88% 1,262|
Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)
- Former Governor Mike Huckabee (R-Arkansas) received more votes, a total of 2,317, than any candidate from either party in Polk County during the 2008 presidential primary.
|Polk County, Missouri|
|2008 Republican primary in Missouri|
|John McCain||1,141 (25.28%)|
|Mike Huckabee||2,317 (51.33%)|
|Mitt Romney||842 (18.65%)|
|Ron Paul||154 (3.41%)|
|Polk County, Missouri|
|2008 Democratic primary in Missouri|
|Hillary Rodham Clinton||1,904 (63.81%)|
|Barack Obama||993 (33.28%)|
|John Edwards (withdrawn)||67 (2.25%)|
The Bolivar Herald-Free Press is published twice weekly.
Polk County is divided into 22 townships:
- Campbell Township
- Cliquot Township
- East Looney Township
- East Madison Township
- Flemington Township
- Jackson Township
- Jefferson Township
- Johnson Township
- McKinley Township
- Mooney Township
- North Benton Township
- North Green Township
- Northeast Marion Township
- Northwest Marion Township
- South Benton Township
- South Green Township
- Southeast Marion Township
- Southwest Marion Township
- Union Township
- West Looney Township
- West Madison Township
- Wishart Township
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Polk County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books
||St. Clair County||Hickory County|
|Cedar County||Dallas County|
|Dade County||Greene County|