Polk County, Oregon
|Polk County, Oregon|
Location in the state of Oregon
Oregon's location in the U.S.
|Founded||December 22, 1845|
|• Total||744 sq mi (1,927 km2)|
|• Land||741 sq mi (1,919 km2)|
|• Water||3 sq mi (8 km2), 0.42%|
|• Density||102/sq mi (39.2/km²)|
|Time zone||Pacific: UTC-8/-7|
Polk County is a county located in the Willamette Valley region of the U.S. state of Oregon. As of the 2010 census, the population was 75,403. The county seat is Dallas. The county is named for James Knox Polk, the 11th president of the United States.
The Oregon Provisional Legislature created Polk County from Yamhill District on December 22, 1845, granting to it the entire southwestern portion of present day Oregon to the California border. County boundaries were periodically changed to reflect the creation of Benton and Lincoln counties. Many other counties were subsequently carved out of these as settlement spread towards the south, leaving Polk County many counties away from its former border with California.
The first county seat was a settlement on the north side of Rickreall Creek named Cynthian (also known as Cynthia Ann). In 1852 city officials renamed Cynthian to Dallas after Vice President George M. Dallas, vice president to James Polk. During the 1880s and 1890s, there were a series of unsuccessful efforts to move the county seat to nearby Independence.
The major industries of the county are agriculture, forest products, manufacturing, and education. Polk County has the second-largest area devoted to viticulture in Oregon, at 1,322 acres (5.35 km2). Western Oregon University in Monmouth is a major employer.
Though Polk County is located in western Oregon, politically it falls in line with the eastern side of the state. The majority of registered voters who are part of a political party in Polk County, as well as most rural counties in Oregon, are members of the Republican Party. In the 2008 presidential election, 48.92% of Polk County voters voted for Republican John McCain, while 48.43% voted for Democrat Barack Obama and 2.64% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate. These numbers show a small shift toward the Democratic candidate when compared to the 2004 presidential election, in which 55% of Polk Country voters voted for George W. Bush, while 43.6% voted for John Kerry, and 1.4% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate.
About two thirds of Polk County, in the western part of the county is forest, mostly of the coniferous and mixed varieties, bordering on temperate rain forest around Laurel Mountain, the wettest place in Oregon.
- Yamhill County (north)
- Marion County (east)
- Benton County (south)
- Lincoln County (west)
- Tillamook County (northwest)
- Linn County (southeast)
National protected areas
As of the census of 2000, there were 62,380 people, 23,058 households, and 16,140 families residing in the county. The population density was 84 people per square mile (32/km²). There were 24,461 housing units at an average density of 33 per square mile (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.19% White, 0.42% Black or African American, 1.85% Native American, 1.09% Asian, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 4.48% from other races, and 2.72% from two or more races. 8.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.4% were of German, 12.3% English, 7.6% American and 7.4% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 23,058 households out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.10% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 22.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 11.70% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $42,311, and the median income for a family was $50,483. Males had a median income of $36,667 versus $26,272 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,282. About 6.30% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.50% of those under age 18 and 5.50% of those age 65 or over.
Unincorporated communities and CDPs
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- http://www.sos.state.or.us/elections/votreg/apr09.pdf Retrieved on 5/26/09
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections - State Data". Uselectionatlas.org. 2008-11-19. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
- http://www.city-data.com/county/Pol_County-OR.html Retrieved on 5/26/09
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Geography & Climate". Moving To Portland. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- H.O. Lang (ed.), History of the Willamette Valley: Being a Description of the Valley and its Resources, with an Account of its Discovery and Settlement by White Men, and its Subsequent History; Together with Personal Reminiscences of its Early Pioneers. Portland: Himes and Lang, 1885.
- Portrait and Biographical Record of the Willamette Valley, Oregon, Containing Original Sketches of Many Well Known Citizens of the Past and Present. Chicago: Chapman Publishing Co., 1903.
- Media related to Polk County, Oregon at Wikimedia Commons