Polk County, Texas
|Polk County, Texas|
Polk County Court House in Livingston
Location in the state of Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
|Named for||James Knox Polk|
|• Total||1,110 sq mi (2,875 km2)|
|• Land||1,057 sq mi (2,738 km2)|
|• Water||53 sq mi (137 km2), 4.74%|
|• Density||39/sq mi (15/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Polk County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,413. Its county seat is Livingston. Polk County is named for James Knox Polk, the eleventh president of the United States, who was President during the Mexican War that resulted in Texas separating from Mexico to become an independent republic before it was annexed into the United States.
- Angelina County (north)
- Tyler County (east)
- Hardin County (southeast)
- Liberty County (south)
- San Jacinto County (southwest)
- Trinity County (northwest)
National protected area
As of the census of 2000, there were 41,133 people, 15,119 households, and 10,915 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 inhabitants per square mile (15 /km2). There were 21,177 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.64% White, 13.17% Black or African American, 1.74% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 3.74% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. 9.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 15,119 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 18.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 108.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,495, and the median income for a family was $35,957. Males had a median income of $30,823 versus $21,065 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,834. About 13.30% of families and 17.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.10% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.
- U.S. Route 59
- The future route of Interstate 69 is planned to follow the current route of U.S. 59 in most places.
- U.S. Route 190
- U.S. Route 287
- State Highway 146
- Farm to Market Road 350
- Farm to Market Road 356
- Farm to Market Road 357
- Farm to Market Road 942
- Farm to Market Road 943
- Farm to Market Road 1745
Government and infrastructure
Notable people from Polk County include:
- Colita: principal chief of the Coushatta Indians
- Percy Foreman: Internationally famous criminal defense attorney
- John Wesley Hardin: Old West Gunslinger
- William P. Hobby: Governor of Texas, Publisher of Houston Post
- Margo Jones: Influential American stage director who launched the careers of Tennessee Williams and Ray Walston and directed Williams' The Glass Menagerie on Broadway
- Long King: principal chief of the Coushatta Indians 
- Sally Mayes: Award winning Broadway actress and singer. Livingston named a street in her honor.
- Mark Moseley: Won Super Bowl XVII and the 1982 MVP as a placekicker
- Moon Mullican: "King of the Hillbilly Piano Players", musician.
- Lt. James N. Parker, Jr.: Co-pilot of the Doolittle Raid (aka Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo) 
- Captain (Ike) Isaac Newton Turner: Captain in the Civil War with Hood's Brigade
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "." Greyhound Lines. Retrieved on July 29, 2012. NOTE: The information for Livingston appears as a pop-up window.
- "West Livingston CDP, Texas." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
- "Municipal Airport." City of Livingston. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
- "Polunsky Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
- "Death Tow Facts." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
- Doolittle Raiders Online
- Polk County government's website
- Polk County from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Polk County, TXGenWeb Focuses on genealogical research in Polk County
||Trinity County||Angelina County|
|San Jacinto County||Liberty County||Hardin County|