Polk County, Texas

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Polk County, Texas
Polk County Texas Court House.jpg
Polk County Court House in Livingston
Map of Texas highlighting Polk County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1846
Named for James Knox Polk
Seat Livingston
Largest town Livingston
Area
 • Total 1,110 sq mi (2,875 km2)
 • Land 1,057 sq mi (2,738 km2)
 • Water 53 sq mi (137 km2), 4.74%
Population
 • (2010) 45,413
 • Density 39/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 36th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.polk.tx.us
The Confederate soldiers monument at the Polk County Courthouse reads: "Defeat does not always establish the wrong."
Polk County Judicial Center

Polk County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,413.[1] Its county seat is Livingston.[2] The county is named for James Knox Polk, the eleventh president of the United States.

The Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation of the federally recognized tribe is in Eastern Polk County, where the people have been since the early 19th century, after migrating from the Southeast.[3] The 2000 census reported a resident population of 480 persons within the reservation. The tribe reports 1100 enrolled members.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,110 square miles (2,900 km2), of which 1,057 square miles (2,740 km2) is land and 53 square miles (140 km2) (4.7%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,348
1860 8,300 253.5%
1870 8,707 4.9%
1880 7,189 −17.4%
1890 10,332 43.7%
1900 14,447 39.8%
1910 17,459 20.8%
1920 16,784 −3.9%
1930 17,555 4.6%
1940 20,635 17.5%
1950 16,194 −21.5%
1960 13,861 −14.4%
1970 14,457 4.3%
1980 24,407 68.8%
1990 30,687 25.7%
2000 41,133 34.0%
2010 45,413 10.4%
Est. 2012 45,656 0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1850-2010[6]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 41,133 people, 15,119 households, and 10,915 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 inhabitants per square mile (15/km2). There were 21,177 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.64% White, 13.17% Black or African American, 1.74% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 3.74% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. 9.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,119 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 18.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 108.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,495, and the median income for a family was $35,957. Males had a median income of $30,823 versus $21,065 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,834. About 13.30% of families and 17.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.10% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Mass transportation[edit]

Greyhound Lines operates the Livingston Station at the Super Stop Food Mart in Livingston.[8]

Airport[edit]

West Livingston has the Livingston Municipal Airport, operated by the City of Livingston.[9][10]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice Allan B. Polunsky Unit is located in West Livingston.[9][11] This has been the location of the State of Texas death row since 1999.[12]

Education[edit]

Polk County College is being built in Livingston and will be operated by Angelina College. It will offer a full two-year college curriculum and some four-year college courses.[13]

Communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Howard N. Martin, "ALABAMA-COUSHATTA INDIANS", Handbook of Texas Online, uploaded 9 June 2010, accessed 18 November 2014
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010" (PDF). Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  8. ^ "[1]." Greyhound Lines. Retrieved on July 29, 2012. NOTE: The information for Livingston appears as a pop-up window.
  9. ^ a b "West Livingston CDP, Texas." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  10. ^ "Municipal Airport." City of Livingston. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  11. ^ "Polunsky Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
  12. ^ "Death Row Facts", Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
  13. ^ [2], Polk County College[dead link]
  14. ^ Howard N. Martin, "Colita", Handbook of Texas Online, uploaded 12 June 2010, accessed 18 November 2014
  15. ^ "Tribal History", Alabama-Coushatta website
  16. ^ "Margaret Virginia Margo Jones", Texas Escapes website
  17. ^ Howard N. Martin, "LONG KING," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/flo64), accessed November 18, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association
  18. ^ "René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle", Handbook of Texas Online, accessed 18 November 2014
  19. ^ "Doolittle Crew", Doolittle Tokyo Raiders Online
  20. ^ Randy Hill, "A Southern Homecoming", n.d., USA Deep South website

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°48′N 94°50′W / 30.80°N 94.83°W / 30.80; -94.83