Polokwane Local Municipality
Location of Polokwane Local Municipality within Limpopo
|• Type||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Thabo Makunyane|
|• Total||3,766 km2 (1,454 sq mi)|
|• Density||170/km2 (430/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||92.9%|
|First languages (2011)|
|• Northern Sotho||80.4%|
|Time zone||SAST (UTC+2)|
The Polokwane Local Municipality (or simply Polokwane Municipality) is a local municipality located within the Capricorn District in the Limpopo Province of South Africa. It shares its name with the city of Polokwane (formerly Pietersburg).
Polokwane Municipality accounts for 3% of the total surface area of Limpopo; however, over 10% of the population of Limpopo resides within its boundaries. The Municipality serves as the economic hub of Limpopo and has the highest population density in the Capricorn district. In terms of its physical composition Polokwane Municipality is 23% urbanised and 71% rural. The largest sector of the community within the municipality resides in rural tribal villages, followed by urban settlements.
Cities and settlements
The municipal spatial pattern reflects that of the historic apartheid city model, characterised by segregated settlement. At the centre of the area is the Polokwane economic hub, which comprises the central business district, industrial area, and a range of social services and well-established formal urban areas servicing the more affluent residents of Polokwane.
Situated on the outskirts in several clusters are less formal settlement areas, which are experiencing enormous influx from rural urban migration trends. These areas are in dire need of upgraded services and infrastructure, both social and engineering, and are struggling to cope with the informal influx of more and more people who want access to an improved quality and standard of living.
|Moloto Solomon Kgabo||91213||0.87||1,019|
|Pietersburg Part 1||91215||128.51||62,089|
|Pietersburg Part 2||91222||38.44||4,132|
|Seshego Part 1||91217||21.42||71,290|
|Seshego Part 2||91223||12.41||548|
|Remainder of the municipality||91216||1,910.06||20,352|
The municipal council consists of seventy-six members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Thirty-eight councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in thirty-eight wards, while the remaining thirty-eight are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 18 May 2011 the African National Congress (ANC) won a majority of sixty-one seats on the council. The following table shows the results of the election.
|African National Congress||87,275||91,293||178,568||78.7||35||26||61|
|Congress of the People||4,291||4,551||8,842||3.9||0||3||3|
|African Christian Democratic Party||1,110||1,214||2,324||1.0||0||1||1|
|Azanian People's Organisation||987||1,134||2,121||0.9||0||1||1|
|Freedom Front Plus||1,075||856||1,931||0.9||0||1||1|
|Pan Africanist Congress||767||675||1,442||0.6||0||0||0|
|National Freedom Party||853||498||1,351||0.6||0||0||0|
|United Democratic Movement||608||545||1,153||0.5||0||0||0|
As of 2007 the Polokwane Local Municipality was home to approximately 561,772 people. Growth figures from 1996 to 2001 showed that the municipal population increased by about 3.27% per year on average. Much of this growth is ascribed to an influx of people from other, more rural, municipal areas into Polokwane, where the perception of more employment and greater economic wealth exists.
79% of its households are using electricity for lighting, 62% for cooking, and 58% for heating.
In 2007, 94.1% of the population was Black African, 4.8% White, 1.1% Coloured, Indian or Asian.
|Year||Total population||Percent Black||Percent White||Percentage Other (mostly Coloured or Asian)|
Although the municipality's overall level of education has improved slightly in recent years, only 24% of the population have attained a Grade 12 education, and only 5.7% have achieved a tertiary education qualification. As a result of low education levels and a largely unskilled population, large numbers of residents earn very little or no income, and poverty is a major problem in the municipal area.
- "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- "Table: Census 2011 by district council, gender, age in 5 year groups and population group". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- "Table: Census 2011 by district council, gender, language and population group". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- "2007-08 Annual Report". www.polokwane.org.za. Retrieved 10-4-09. Check date values in:
- Lookup Tables - Statistics South Africa
- "Results Summary – All Ballots: Polokwane". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "Seat Calculation Detail: Polokwane". Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "Community Survey, 2007 - Basic Results: Municipalities". Statistics South Africa. 2007. Retrieved 10-4-09. Check date values in:
- Polokwane Municipality: Official Website
- "Our City - Our Townships and Suburbs". Polokwane Local Municipality. Retrieved 2009-07-29.