Pololū Valley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
View from Pololū Valley overlook.

Pololū (Hawaiian spelling: Pololū, stressed on the final 'ū') is the Northernmost of a series of erosional valleys forming the east coast of Kohala Mountain on the Island of Hawaiʻi. The word Pololū means long spear in the Hawaiian language.[1]

Features[edit]

The valley forms a deep cut in the side of Kohala Mountain, and is traversed in its entirety by Pololū stream. The upper (southern) end of the valley is located at coordinates 20°9′3″N 155°44′39″W / 20.15083°N 155.74417°W / 20.15083; -155.74417 (Pololū Valley start). Hiking trails criss-cross the valley, and lead in and out. The valley is fronted on the ocean side by a beautiful black sand beach. A yellow sand dune protects verdant areas inland from the occasional fury of the ocean.

History[edit]

Prior to European colonization, Pololū Valley was renowned for its kalo (taro) farming. A particular variety of kalo (kalo Pololū) was grown here, notable for its crimson stems. Kalo farming was complemented by rice in the 1800s. In the 20th century, though, the valley fell into disuse. A section of the Kohala ditch, which diverts water from Honokane Valley to the sugarcane fields of the North Kohala district, run along the sides of Pololū Valley. Hikes to and in the ditch are offered by a tour company.[2]

Transportation[edit]

Pololū Valley is accessed from the North, from a lookout forming the terminus of Akoni Pule Highway at coordinates 20°12′13″N 155°44′1″W / 20.20361°N 155.73361°W / 20.20361; -155.73361 (Pololū Valley Overlook)Coordinates: 20°12′13″N 155°44′1″W / 20.20361°N 155.73361°W / 20.20361; -155.73361 (Pololū Valley Overlook).[3] A relatively short hike on a graded trail leads to the bottom of the valley. The trail continues beyond the valley, climbing over a ridge to neighboring Honokane Nui Valley.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lloyd J. Soehren (2004). "lookup of pololu". on Hawaiian place names. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library. Retrieved 2010-01-10. 
  2. ^ Wanda A. Adams (September 8, 2002). "Hike Through History at Pololū Valley". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2010-01-10. 
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Pololū Valley