Polstead Road

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View east from the junction with Kingston Road and Hayfield Road.
The Anchor public house on the corner of Polstead Road and Hayfield Road.

Polstead Road is a residential road that runs between Kingston Road and Hayfield Road to the west and the Woodstock Road to the east, in the suburb of North Oxford, England.[1] Halfway along it forms the southern junction of Chalfont Road. The road is probably named after the village of Polstead in the county of Suffolk.[citation needed]

Overview[edit]

The houses in Polstead Road were designed by Harry Wilkinson Moore and built between 1887 and 1894.[1][2]

St Margaret's Institute Community Centre was the first building constructed on Polstead Road, following a subscription by parishioners of St. Philip and St James Church in 1889 "for the building of a Working Men's Institute, 'to provide rational amusement and instruction for working men of any creed, sect, or opinions, who may thus be kept out of public houses'".[3]

The Anchor Inn,[4][5] featured in Inspector Morse, 'Death is Now My Neighbour', is located at the corner of Hayfield and Polstead Roads.[citation needed]

Lawrence of Arabia's childhood home from 1896 to 1921 at 2 Polstead Road.
Blue plaque on Lawrence of Arabia's former home.[6]

The Lawrence family[edit]

The most famous resident was T. E. Lawrence (1888–1935), who was later to become known as 'Lawrence of Arabia'. The son of Thomas Chapman (who became, in 1914, Sir Thomas Chapman, 7th Bt.), an Anglo-Irish aristocrat, he was brought up in a house (No. 2) on this road and a blue plaque records the fact.[6][7] The future Sir Thomas Chapman, the 7th Baronet of Killua Castle, near Clonmellon, in County Westmeath, Ireland, separated from his wife to live with his daughters' governess, Sarah Junner. They had five sons and the couple lived in Polstead Road under the names of Mr and Mrs Lawrence, moving to No. 2 in the summer of 1896 with the aim that the children could receive a good education for a reasonable cost. T. E. Lawrence attended the City of Oxford High School for Boys in central Oxford. Here also was born his youngest brother, A.W. Lawrence, who went on to become the Laurence Professor of Classical Archaeology at Cambridge University in the 1940s.

The house is a semi-detached redbrick house that had been built approximately six years before the Lawrences moved there. They built a bungalow in the garden because the house was not large enough to accommodate the entire family. 2 Polstead Road remained the Lawrence family home until after the First World War.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hinchcliffe, Tanis (1992). North Oxford. New Haven & London: Yale University Press. pp. 79, 85–86, 123, 212, 235. ISBN 0-14-071045-0. 
  2. ^ Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire. Penguin Books. p. 321. ISBN 0-14-071045-0. 
  3. ^ Robinson, Catherine; Buxton, Elspeth (1993). Hayfield Road — Nine hundred years of an Oxford Neighbourhood. Oxford: C. Robinson. ISBN 978-0-9522401-0-5. 
  4. ^ The Anchor Inn, UK.
  5. ^ The Anchor Inn, Flickr.
  6. ^ a b Warr, Elizabeth Jean (2011). The Oxford Plaque Guide. Stroud, Gloucestershire: The History Press. pp. 71–74. ISBN 978-0-7524-5687-4. 
  7. ^ "SP5007: Blue plaque, 2 Polstead Road, Oxford". Geograph, UK. Retrieved May 6, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°46′04″N 1°16′04″W / 51.76778°N 1.26778°W / 51.76778; -1.26778