Poly(tetrahydrofuran), PolyTHF, polytetramethylene ether glycol, PTMEG, Terathane
|Density||0.982 g/cm3 (30 °C)|
|Melting point||23 to 28 °C (73 to 82 °F; 296 to 301 K)|
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
|what is: / ?)(|
Polytetrahydrofuran, also called poly(tetramethylene ether) glycol or poly(tetramethylene oxide), is a chemical compound with formula (C
8O)n(OH)2 or HO-(-(CH2)4O-)n-OH. It can be viewed as a polymer of tetrahydrofuran, or as the polyether derived from 1,4-butanediol.
The product is commercially available as polymers of low average molecular weights, between 250 and 3000 daltons In this form it is a white waxy solid that melts between 20 and 30 °C. The commercial product can be processed further into polymers with molecular weights of 40,000 and higher.
The main use of polytetrahydrofuran is to make elastic fibers such as spandex (elastan) for stretchable fabrics and for polyurethane resins. The latter are polyurethane prepolymers dissolved in solvent. They are used in the manufacture of artificial leather. These elastomers are either polyurethanes made by reacting PTMEG with diisocyanates, or polyesters made by reacting PTMEG with diacids or their derivatives.
The polymer is also a starting material for thermoplastic polyurethane, thermoplastic polyesters, polyetheramide and cast polyurethane elastomers, used for instance in the wheels of roller skates and skateboards.
Polytetrahydrofuran is commonly prepared by acid-catalyzed polymerization of tetrahydrofuran. The starting material is natural gas, which is converted to acetylene, then reacted with formaldehyde to make butynediol and then butanediol. The latter is turned into tetrahydrofuran by action of a catalyst and then polymerized.
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- Pruckmayr, Gerfried; Dreyfuss, P.; Dreyfuss, M. P. (1996). "Polyethers, Tetrahydrofuran and Oxetane Polymers". Kirk‑Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- Ashford's Dictionary of Industrial Chemicals, third edition, 2011, page 7587
- "Uses of PTMEG polyols". Retrieved 2007-09-06.