A polyamide is a macromolecule with repeating units linked by amide bonds.  Polyamides occur both naturally and artificially. Examples of naturally occurring polyamides are proteins, such as wool and silk. Artificially made polyamides can be made through step-growth polymerization or solid-phase synthesis yielding materials such as nylons, aramids, and sodium poly(aspartate). Synthetic polyamides are commonly used in textiles, automotive applications, carpets and sportswear due to their high durability and strength. The transportation industry is the major consumer, accounting for 35% of polyamide (PA) consumption. 
According to the composition of their main chain, polyamides are classified as follows:
|Polyamide family||Main chain||Examples of polyamides||Examples of commercial products|
|Aliphatic polyamides||Aliphatic||PA 6 and PA 66||Nylon from DuPont, Technyl from Solvay, Rilsan and Rilsamid from Arkema|
|Polyphthalamides||Semi-aromatic||PA 6T = hexamethylenediamine + terephthalic acid||Trogamid from Evonik Industries, Amodel from Solvay|
|Aramides = aromatic polyamides||Aromatic||Paraphenylenediamine + terephthalic acid||Kevlar and Nomex from DuPont, Teijinconex, Twaron and Technora from Teijin, Kermel from Kermel, and Spectra[disambiguation needed] from Honeywell.|
According to the number of types of repeating units, polyamides can be:
- homopolymers :
- copolymers :
- PA 6/66 : [NH-(CH2)6−NH−CO−(CH2)4−CO]n−[NH−(CH2)5−CO]m made from caprolactam, hexamethylenediamine and adipic acid ;
- PA 66/610 : [NH−(CH2)6−NH−CO−(CH2)4−CO]n−[NH−(CH2)6−NH−CO−(CH2)8−CO]m made from hexamethylenediamine, adipic acid and sebacic acid.
According to their crystallinity, polyamides can be:
- high crystallinity : PA46 et PA 66 ;
- low crystallinity : PA mXD6 made from m-xylylenediamine and adipic acid;
- amorphous : PA 6I made from hexamethylenediamine and isophthalic acid.
According to this classification, PA66, for example, is an aliphatic semi-crystalline homopolyamide.
Production from monomers
The amino group and the carboxylic acid group can be on the same monomer, or the polymer can be constituted of two different bifunctional monomers, one with two amino groups, the other with two carboxylic acid or acid chloride groups.
Aramid (pictured below) is made from two different monomers which continuously alternate to form the polymer and is an aromatic polyamide:
Current market and forecast
As one of the largest engineering polymer families, the global demand of polyamide resins and compounds was valued at roughly US$20.5 billion in 2013. The market is expected to reach US$30 billion by 2020 by following an average annual growth of 5.5%.